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Welcome to a new
edition of CNN 10.

We are your source for objective
explanations of the day's news,

and I'm your host, Carl Azuz.
It's great to be with
you this Tuesday.

The partial shutdown
of the US government,

which has directly affected
about 25% of its workforce,

is now 32 days old.
The previous record was 21 days.
The main reason why this
one's gone on so long

is because Democrats and
Republicans are so dug in.

They've been unwilling to
compromise on what they want.

For President Donald Trump,
and other Republicans,

that's $5.7 billion in
funding to build a barrier

between the US and Mexico.
For Democrats, that's a wall
they don't want to be built,

and don't want to
approve the money for.

On Saturday, President Trump
made a speech, and an offer,

from the White House.
In exchange for funding for
the border wall, or barrier,

he said that people, who were
illegally brought in to the US

as children, would be allowed
to stay for an additional three

years without the threat
of being deported, sent

back to their home countries.
Some others, who
were temporarily

allowed to stay in the
US because of instability

in their home countries,
were also included

in the president's offer.
Republican leaders say this
is a reasonable and fair

compromise that could end the
partial government shutdown.

But some other
Republicans say it

goes too far in helping people
who are in the US illegally.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi,
and other Democrats,

said the offer was unacceptable,
partly because it includes

proposals that Democrats
have already rejected,

and partly because
it didn't include

permanent protections for
undocumented immigrants,

something Democrats want.
Negotiations between
Republicans and Democrats

have continued throughout the
shutdown, but an end to it

is still nowhere in sight.
On Monday, President Trump
and Vice President Mike Pence

attended a wreath laying service
at the Martin Luther King, Jr.

Memorial on the National Mall.
It was one of several
events across America held

in honor of the renowned
civil rights leader

on the day named after him.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
is a federal holiday that

was first observed in 1986.
It's held on the third
Monday of each January,

because the date is near his
birthday of January 15, 1929.

Despite the fact that it's not
a workday for federal staff,

and many other Americans,
they're encouraged to make it

a day on, instead of a day off.
The holiday was designated
as a National Day of Service

in 1994, with volunteering and
working on community projects

all part of the event.
Yesterday, observances
took place from Columbia,

South Carolina to
Memphis, Tennessee,

and from San Antonio, Texas
to Ebenezer Baptist Church

in Atlanta, Georgia, where
Dr. Martin Luther King,

Jr. and his father
both served as pastors.

For his work in civil
rights, the younger Dr. King

became "Time Magazine's"
Man of the Year.

He won the Nobel Peace Prize.
And he was awarded the
Presidential Medal of Freedom

nine years after he was
assassinated in 1968.

tonight, we have

a supermoon, because it's full
and it's close to the earth.

It is a wolf moon, because
it's the January full moon,

and it's a blood moon,
because it's a total eclipse.

So we have a super wolf
blood moon eclipse,

according to some folks.
CARL AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia.
An oyster can produce a pearl
by covering a grain of sand

with what substance?
Nacre, ocrea, scarab, or carob?
When a tiny intruder,
like a grain of sand,

enters an oyster, it covers them
with nacre that forms a pearl.

But if you like eating
oysters, you're not going

to chip a tooth on a pearl.
The kind that produce gems
are in a different family

than the kind we eat.
Still, they're valuable, and
not just because they're edible.

Live oysters can filter
50 gallons of water a day.

Their shells make
great fertilizer.

And the parts that
restaurants throw away

can be used to shore
up New York City.

RACHEL CRANE: What if I told
you that, over 200 years ago,

some of the best
oysters in the world

were being harvested here?
When Europeans first

arrived in New
York Harbor, there

were oyster reefs everywhere--
200,000 acres of oyster reef.
were once a big part

of the culture of New
York, part of the food

culture of New York.
Oysters used to be sold on
basically like hot dog carts.

happened to them?

RACHEL CRANE: Early New York
boomed on an oyster economy,

but it turns out
these oyster reefs

had a much more important role.
KATE ORFF: We had tragedy
happen in Superstorm Sandy.

People lost their lives.
There were waves
hitting structures,

because this rich, 3D mosaic
of protective wetlands

is no longer there.
RACHEL CRANE: That's something a
team of designers and engineers

are trying to solve.
Funded by a federal
disaster relief grant,

and designed by SCAPE, a
landscape architecture firm,

The Living Breakwaters Project
is meant to safeguard part

of New York City's coastline.
KATE ORFF: It's a roughly
two-mile long chain

of breakwaters that are
designed in an ecological way

to create fish habitat.
It is at reducing risk and
the incredible wave action

that was faced by communities.
RACHEL CRANE: And a major
component of the project

is the small and briny oyster.
KATE ORFF: Oysters our ecosystem
engineers in the harbor.

They help to agglomerate
and create reefs.

They filter water.
They clean water.
The oyster reefs

actually reduce the impact
of storms and storm surges,

and things like that.
When you had a complex
three dimensional shoreline

that has both oyster reefs and
salt marsh, and all of that

working together.
words, before New Yorkers

polluted and over
harvested their harbor,

oyster reefs used to
provide a natural protection

against big waves, like the ones
produced by Hurricane Sandy.

the oyster reefs,

the whole shoreline has
fundamentally changed.

New York is more
vulnerable to storms.

RACHEL CRANE: That's why, since
2014, the nonprofit Billion

Oyster Project has
been working to restore

the city's oyster reefs.
The group starts by collecting
restaurants' discarded oyster

shells, drying them,
and then seeding

them with oyster larvae.
Once back in the water, those
shells become the habitat

for other oysters to build on.
So far, about 28
million oysters have

been installed in various
sites around the harbor.

And while the water quality
of the harbor has improved,

the number of
oysters in the water

is only a tiny portion
of what it used to be,

and they're still
not safe to eat.

But something recently changed.
restoration to be successful,

you need the recruitment of
wild oysters from the system.

wild baby oysters

need to be able to find
these reef installations,

in order to latch
on and establish

a home for themselves.
That's something

we've seen, in
very small numbers,

periodically, over the years.
So then we started looking in
earnest at all of our sites

around the city, and it's
true for just about everywhere

we have oysters, that
this year there's just

a lot more natural recruitment.
- It's a baby oyster!
- Oh, my god!
- Wait, that's so cool!
a really exciting sign.

RACHEL CRANE: A large scale
arrival of wild baby oysters

is good news for the
Living Breakwaters Project.

are not going to keep

the water out of New York.
But oysters, combined
with breakwaters,

can be an integrated solution.
KATE ORFF: These breakwaters
are seeded with oysters,

and oysters will agglomerate on
the structure, attach on to it,

grow, and form their own kind
of layer of complexity on top.

It's also a social
enterprise, in the sense

that we're engaging

and teachers through the
Billion Oyster Project.

- So these guys are
basically forming a reef.

They're building more
and more structure.

Breakwaters Project

will be in construction
through 2020,

but rebuilding an entire
ecosystem can take time.

Orff thinks that, by 2050, the
habitat around the breakwaters

will be fully revitalized.
KATE ORFF: I think
New Yorkers need

to get into this new paradigm
of being a coastal city again,

living with water, embracing our
watery context, not fortifying

ourselves off, but understanding
what it means to live

with this kind of risk, and
really preparing for it,

and being smart about it.
CARL AZUZ: Whether
you love gazing

at the sunrise or the
sunset, this hotel could

let you see 16 of them per day.
It's the world's
first space hotel,

or is it space's
first world hotel.

Right now, it's neither.
The low orbit sleeper is just
a proposal at this point.

But if it gets
built, developers say

you could be staying in it
in the year 2021, that is,

if you have 9 and 1/2
million dollars to spend

on a 12-day space-cation.
While it's not exactly
a breath of fresh air,

it's where all the stars stay.
There's plenty of
space available.

It's great for weight loss.
And, if everything
airlocks up properly,

there's nothing to atmos-fear.
I'm Carl Azuz, and that's CNN.


[CNN 10] January 22, 2019

252 分類 收藏
Yukiko 發佈於 2019 年 1 月 31 日


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