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  • For many, the thought of prison is enough to keep them on the straight and narrow; but

    對很多人來說,監獄會讓人改過向善

  • for others, prison is merely a consequence of their chosen lifestyle.

    但對其他人來說,監獄僅僅是一種生活方式

  • And for a select few, prison is nothing more than a challenge, a puzzle begging to be solved.

    而對少數人來說,監獄只不過是一種挑戰、一個渴望解決的難題而已

  • Today we'll look at some of the more creative escapes, in this episode of the infographics

    這次一起來看一些有創意的逃脫方法,就在這一集的

  • show, the greatest prison escapes in history.

    歷史上最偉大的逃獄計畫

  • We're starting off with a classic, fictionalized by Hollywood into the filmThe Great Escape

    先來看最經典的案例開始,這後來被翻拍成由史提夫.麥昆主演的

  • starring Steve McQueen, though the real story is fraught with far more drama than what could

    好萊塢電影《第三集中營》,然而真實故事甚至比大銀幕上的電影

  • fit on the silver screen.

    更戲劇化

  • In World War II the prisoner of war camp known as Stalag Luft III was thought to be the most

    第二次世界大戰期間,歐洲的 Stalag Luft 第三集中營被稱為是

  • secure POW camp in Europe.

    歐洲戒備最森嚴的戰俘集中營

  • 100 miles southeast of Berlin, it was located deep in enemy territory and featured a host

    位於柏林東南方 100 英哩 ,位置深入敵方領域

  • of security features meant to make it difficult to escape from.

    且有一堆防護設施使監獄防護難以攻破

  • Along with barbed wire fences, the Germans had sunk microphones nine feet deep into the

    除了鐵絲網護欄下方之外,德軍沿著護欄周邊將麥克風

  • soil all along the perimeter in order to detect the sound of digging.

    埋到九尺深的地底以便偵測挖掘的聲音

  • The prisoner's huts were all built on stilts, raised up above the ground so any tunnel would

    所有監獄建築都架高、和地面分離,所以如果有任何地道

  • be immediately visible.

    都能馬上察覺

  • Lastly, the sandy soil made it nearly impossible to dig through, threatening collapse at any moment.

    最後,砂土幾乎不可能挖出一條地道,因為隨時都可能會倒塌

  • Yet none of these things stopped a band of British, Canadian, Australian, French and

    僅管這些,都檔不住一幫英國、加拿大、澳洲、法國

  • American airmen from attempting an escape anyways.

    和美國空軍嘗試逃獄

  • The plan was to build three tunnels codenamed Tom, Dick, and Harry.

    計畫是建造三條代號叫 Tom、Dick 和 Harry 的地道

  • Using only metal silverware and milk tin cans, the prisoners painstakingly chipped away at

    為了不讓德軍發現他們在挖地道,幾名越獄犯只使用了

  • the building support columns of three different huts in order to avoid being seen working

    銀製餐具和牛奶鋁罐將三坐牢社的柱子

  • underneath them.

    一點一點慢慢挖掉

  • They accessed their below-floor workspace via a secret trapdoor over which they kept

    為了不讓德軍太靠近藏在火爐下通往地道的暗門

  • a heating stove permanently lit in order to discourage any Nazi guards from getting to close.

    他們不間斷地持續使用火爐

  • In order to solve the microphone problem, the escapees dug their tunnels a whopping

    為了躲避麥克風偵測,逃犯將地道挖至地下 30 呎深

  • thirty feet deep, excavating an astonishing 100 tons of sand all by hand.

    純手工挖出驚人的 100 噸土壤量

  • To avoid raising suspicion, the excavated sand was concealed in stuffed socks which

    為避免德軍起疑,越獄犯將挖出來的土藏到襪子裡

  • they would sprinkle discreetly on garden soil being raked by other prisoners.

    並小心翼翼地撒到地面上讓其他獄友踏平

  • To shore up their tunnel walls the prisoners stripped 4,000 wooden bed boards, and then

    為了支撐地道,逃犯拆下 4000 塊床板

  • lined each tunnel with 1700 blankets to muffle the sounds of digging.

    並且在每個地道鋪上 1700 塊毛毯來掩蓋挖掘的聲音

  • They converted discarded milk tins into lamps, with wicks made from pajama cords and burned

    逃犯將牛奶鋁罐做成燈具,用睡褲上的棉線做燭芯

  • in mutton fat the prisoners skimmed off the greasy soup they were served.

    用監獄中油膩湯品上撇取的羊油當作燃料

  • Stealing a few hundred feet of electrical wire, the prisoners even managed to fashion

    他們偷走上百呎長的電線,甚至自己製作

  • their own work lights which they plugged directly into the camp's electrical supply.

    直接連接集中營電力的工作燈

  • And if that's not enough ingenuity, the prisoners also created an air pump using hockey sticks

    設計巧思不僅於此,逃犯用曲棍和其他廢棄物做出了空氣幫浦

  • and other discarded bits of trash and even built an underground trolly system to transport the excavated sand.

    甚至建造出一條運送土壤的地下軌道

  • On March 24, 1944 the prisoners finally made their escape.

    1944 年 3 月 24 號,逃犯終於可以開始逃獄

  • Forced to move one by one through the cramped tunnels, barely a dozen managed to make it

    只能一個接一個通過狹窄的通道,每小時只能讓 12 個人通過

  • out per hour, and at one point a 1 hour blackout during an air raid further slowed the escape

    當時因為空襲經歷 1 個小時的斷電更緩慢了

  • attempt.

    逃獄計畫

  • At around 5 am however disaster struck, with a Nazi guard on patrol nearly falling into

    大約五點空襲結束後,一名德軍在集中營巡邏差點掉進

  • the exit shaft of one of the three tunnels and discovering the plot.

    三個通道的其中一個出口,這項逃獄計畫才東窗事發

  • A massive manhunt was mobilized and eventually the Germans recovered 73 of the 76 escapees-

    德軍開始大規模動員,最後抓回 76 名逃犯中的 73 人

  • three would make it to safety: two Norwegians who stowed away on a freighter to sweden and

    其他三人順利逃獄,兩名挪威人乘坐貨輪逃到瑞典

  • a Dutchman who made his way to Gibraltar by rail and foot.

    另一位荷蘭人乘坐火車及步行逃到直布羅陀

  • A furious Hitler ordered the execution of 50 of the escapees, violating the Geneva convention.

    慎怒之下,希特勒將 50 名逃犯處死,這項行動違反了日內瓦公約

  • Years after the war, a military tribunal found 18 Nazi soldiers guilty of war crimes for

    戰爭結束數年後,軍事法庭判 18 位德軍違反戰爭法

  • shooting the recaptured POWs, and 13 of them were executed.

    射殺抓回的戰俘,最後 13 名德軍除以死刑

  • As one of the largest manhunts in American history, the prison escape of the Texas Seven

    至於美國歷史上最大的逃犯搜索行動,德州七人越獄事件

  • in December of 2000 made headlines around the world.

    在 2000 年 12 月躍上全球頭版

  • On December 13th, 2000, the seven inmates convinced a maintenance supervisor to let

    2000 年 12 月 13 日,七名罪犯說服維修部管理員

  • them skip lunch so they could wax the floors of the maintenance room.

    讓他們在午餐時間幫維修室的地板打蠟

  • Distracting the supervisor, one of the inmates knocked him unconscious with a blow to the

    轉移管理員注意力後,其中一位罪犯敲擊管理員背部

  • back of the head, then undressed him, tied him up and locked him in an electrical room.

    將他擊暈,脫光衣服綑綁後將他關進電力控制室中

  • During this time three other inmates, four prison guards and nine supervisors wandered

    接著其他三名獄友將走進維修室的四位獄警、九位管理員

  • into the room, and incredibly all were subdued by the inmates.

    不可思議地全被他們制服

  • That's when the Texas Seven put their plan into action.

    這時德州七位逃犯開始行動

  • By impersonating various supervisors over the telephone the inmates got out of 12 headcounts,

    模仿眾多管理員的聲音通話,利用其中 12 人找藉口

  • and then making their way to the gatehouse incredibly conned their way inside by pretending to be monitor installers.

    接著佯裝監視器安裝員走到監獄看守門

  • Once inside the gatehouse the prisoners subdued the lone guard and got his firearm along with

    進入看守門建築後,逃犯將一名獄警制伏、拿走他的武器

  • a few other weapons from a weapons cache.

    及彈藥庫裡的其他裝備

  • Then the prisoners opened the back gate and drove their way out in a stolen pickup truck,

    接著逃犯打開後門,並搭乘偷來的小貨車離開

  • launching a multi-state manhunt that would be one of the largest in American history.

    警方發起了可謂美國史上最大規模的追捕行動

  • Eventually found thanks in part to the television program America's Most Wanted, the prisoners

    最後找回了這七名逃犯,一部分都要感謝美國電視節目 America's Most Wanted

  • even demanded a TV appearance before they would agree to surrender.

    逃犯甚至要求在回監獄服刑前上節目露臉

  • In the end, no such appearance would be granted, and all of the seven were brought back into custody.

    最後,上節目的請求並未准許,七名逃犯回到監獄服刑

  • There's never been a more iconic prison in history than Alcatraz, and naturally it is

    歷史上,沒有任何一座監獄比惡魔島更具代表性了

  • the setting for our greatest prison escape story.

    這自然是最偉大的逃獄故事的背景設定

  • A lifelong criminal, Frank Morris was serving a ten year stint for bank robbery when he

    被判無期徒刑的 Frank Morris 在十年前因為搶銀行被關進路易斯安那州監獄

  • broke out of the Louisiana State Penitentiary only to be recaptured a year later and sent to Alcatraz.

    後來逃獄被捕一年後就被送到惡魔島服刑

  • Ranked in the top 2% of the population in intelligence and with an IQ of 133, Morris

    Morris 有著世界百分之二人口的 IQ 指數 133

  • paid no heed to Alcatraz's reputation as an inescapable prison and quickly went to work

    他一點都不在乎惡魔島監獄堅不可破的名聲

  • developing an escape plan.

    並快速的組織逃獄計畫

  • Partnering with brothers John and Clarence Anglin and car thief Allen West, the four

    和 Anglin 兄弟:John 和 Clarence 以及竊車賊 Allen West 合作

  • prisoners discovered an unguarded utility corridor that ran just behind their cells,

    四名罪犯發現牢房裡有個無人看守的設施通道

  • which housed a ventilation shaft to the roof.

    且通道可以通往屋頂的通風管

  • Utilizing scavenged saw blades, spoons stolen from the commissary and even a home-built

    利用蒐集到的鋸片、從餐廳偷來的湯匙

  • drill made from the motor of a broken vacuum cleaner, the four gradually widened the ventilation

    甚至利用壞掉的吸塵器馬達自製鑽頭,最後四位罪犯

  • duct opening in each of their cells.

    把各自牢房中的通風管撐大後打開

  • The holes were concealed using cardboard and paint, and Morris's accordion provided cover

    孔洞用紙板及畫作掩飾,Morris 用他的手風琴聲

  • for the sound of their work.

    掩蓋其他人的聲音

  • Once inside the utility corridor, the four climbed to the roof of their cell block and

    四位罪犯從各自牢房的通風管爬到屋頂後

  • set up a small workshop there.

    成立了小型工作坊

  • Using stolen and donated materials, the four made makeshift life preservers using 50 raincoats

    逃犯使用偷來和受贈的物資,以及在 Popular Mechanics 期刊上看到的設計

  • from a design they had seen in an issue of Popular Mechanics.

    用 50 個雨衣造出了一條臨時救生圈

  • They also used the raincoats to create a 6 by 14 foot (1.8 by 4.3 meter) rubber raft,

    他們也用雨衣做出了 6 乘 14 英尺(1.8 乘 4.3 公尺)的膠筏

  • and used a small accordion-like concertina they stole from another inmate as a bellows

    也用了從其他罪犯偷來的、類似風琴的樂器:六角手風琴

  • to inflate the raft.

    來為膠筏充氣

  • Their paddles were made from scrap wood and stolen screws.

    船槳則使用碎木塊及偷來的螺絲製成

  • On the night of June 11th, 1962, the men began their escape.

    1962 年 6 月 11 號,開始了他們逃獄計畫

  • Of the four though, Allen West was unable to leave his cell, having used cement to shore

    然而四位其中一名成員:Allen West 牢房的通風孔用了混凝土加固

  • up the crumbling concrete around the vent opening in his cell which threatened to give him away.

    崩落的水泥,讓他難以逃脫

  • Once dried, the cement narrowed the escape hole and fixed the steel grill in place, and

    水泥乾掉後,通道變窄、鐵網也固定住了

  • by the time he had rewidened his hole and removed the grill the others had already left without him.

    這時他重新將通風管擴大以便打開蓋子,但其他人已經丟下他逃跑了

  • The other three inmates climbed the ventilation shaft to the roof, then hauled their homemade

    其他三位逃犯從通風管爬到了屋頂、將自製救生繩和救生艇

  • life preservers and raft fifty feet down a kitchen vent pipe to the ground, and then

    丟下距離地面 50 呎、通往廚房的通風通道

  • scaled two 12 foot (3.7meter) barbed wire fences.

    接著爬過兩道 12 呎高 (3.7 公尺) 的鐵護欄

  • Somewhere along the northeast shoreline of Alcatraz, where the prison's network of searchlights

    惡魔島的東北方的監獄探照燈系統和機槍塔有個死角

  • and gun towers had a blind spot, the men inflated their raft and then rowed into the dense fog,

    他們從死角乘船渡過並進入濃霧

  • trying to reach Angel island two miles to the north.

    試圖前往距離惡魔島 2 英哩的天使島

  • In the ensuing manhunt police would recover one of the paddles and bits of raft and life

    追捕行動中,警方發現其他一個船槳、救生艇殘骸

  • preservers, but no sign of the men.

    以及救生圈,但沒有逃犯蹤影

  • With their stated plan having been to steal clothing and a car, and no vehicle or clothing

    由於他們的計畫是登島後偷衣佯裝並竊車逃逸

  • thefts reported in the area after the escape, the police finally concluded that in all likelihood

    天堂島又沒有衣物或車輛遺失的案件回報,警方最終以

  • the men drowned in the strong currents and frigid waters of San Francisco Bay.

    三人可能在舊金山灣強勢且兇猛的水域中溺斃結案

  • What would be your prison escape plan- trickery and brute force like the Texas Seven, or careful

    如果是你,你會選擇周詳的計畫、還是像德州七人一樣暴力逃獄

  • and patient digging like the brave airmen of the Great Escape?

    或是像《第三集中營》的英勇空軍一樣費心挖掘通道呢?

  • Let us know in the comments!

    在底下留言你的想法!

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called What Happens to your body while having sex!

    還有,記得到頻道內看另一部影片:從事性行為時你的身體會發生甚麼事!

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

    謝謝你的收看,一如往常,別忘記按讚、分享,和訂閱哦!

  • See you next time!”

    下部影片見!

For many, the thought of prison is enough to keep them on the straight and narrow; but

對很多人來說,監獄會讓人改過向善

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最瘋狂的越獄方式 (The Most Insane Ways Men Escaped from Prison)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 12 月 01 日
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