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  • Welcome to a new day and a new broadcast. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10. You probably used

  • Google, Facebook and/or Twitter in

  • the last 24 hours. These companies executives were recently asked to testify before the

  • U.S. Senate Intelligence Committee. This part of

  • Congress has the job of overseeing the government`s intelligence work and programs and one thing

  • it`s investigating is how people or organizations in

  • other countries are using social media to influence U.S. politics. The American Intelligence

  • community has repeatedly accused Russia of trying to

  • influence the 2016 U.S. Presidential election.

  • Russia has repeatedly denied doing it. And last year CNN investigated how people in the

  • small European country of Macedonia used websites to spread

  • fake news, unproven or just made up stories and make a relative fortune from the advertising.

  • Yesterday`s hearing on Capital Hill was the third

  • time in 12 months that someone from a major technology company appeared before the Senate

  • Committee. Not everyone who was invited showed up.

  • Facebook sent it`s Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg. Twitter`s Chief Executive

  • Officer Jack Dorsey appeared but Google refused to send a

  • high profile executive.

  • It offered it`s Senior Vice-President of Global Affairs but Senators said that wasn`t senior

  • enough so Google`s place only had an empty chair.

  • Still, the hearing went on. Sandberg and Dorsey discussed what their companies have done to

  • prevent false information from being spread on

  • Facebook and Twitter to make it clearer where their political ads come from and to say their

  • companies are working more closely together to share

  • information on foreign threats. But they both also regretted that their platforms have been

  • used inappropriately in the past and that they hadn`t

  • been prepared, at least at first, to deal with it.

  • Remember when Mark Zuckerberg said this, "the idea that in a fake news on Facebook of - - of

  • - - of which, you know, it`s a - -

  • it`s a very small amount of - - of - - of the content influenced the election in any

  • way I think is a pretty crazy idea." As we all know now,

  • that idea wasn`t actually that crazy. The U.S. government says Russian backed disinformation

  • campaigns exploded social platforms like Facebook to

  • target Americans and divide the country and the company has taken heat this year for not

  • doing enough to stop it.

  • The most important thing that I care about right now is making sure that no one interferes

  • in the various 2018 elections around the

  • world.

  • But now, with November rapidly approaching, all eyes are on the 2018 mid-terms and Facebook

  • says it`s deploying resources they

  • didn`t have two years ago to make sure meddling doesn`t happen again.

  • I`m our Head of Cyber Security Policy and so I help drive our effort to counter information

  • operations and election

  • interference around the globe.

  • Nathanial Glacier (ph) used to be a Federal prosecutor for the Department of Justice.

  • Now he`s working for Facebook where he`s

  • essentially their top troll hunter. What is it that`s keeping you up at night right now

  • as we - - as we come into the final stretch of the

  • campaign?

  • The thing that I`m most focused on is how do we stay a step ahead of the threat actors

  • because we know that they are continue to

  • inabate. We have manual investigators that are running, sort of, focused investigations

  • and we think of these sort of like finding a needle in a

  • haystack. And then second, we complement that with automated at scale work to detect and

  • remove the less sophisticated threat actors. And if the

  • manual work is like looking for needles in a haystack, then the other work is like shrinking

  • the haystack.

  • His team has already had some success. In July, Facebook thwarted a network of suspected

  • Russian linked accounts involved

  • in organizing political events in the United States. What was about that campaign that

  • was different to what had been done previously?

  • They definitely were more secure and more concerned about protecting their identity

  • and more disciplined about it. They

  • consistently used VPN`s. They didn`t link themselves to obvious geographic indicators

  • like cell phones link for the particular country. They were

  • taking disciplined steps to make themselves harder to be identified.

  • Have you found evidence of actors in the U.S. working on their behalf?

  • If we can drive them to need to send people to the United States to work on their behalf,

  • I actually think that`s a win.

  • Because what we`ve done is we`ve forced them to invest more, to expose their actors. Our

  • goal in this is to make this harder and to make this

  • more expensive. We haven`t seen clear indications of that but as we make this harder, as we

  • limit their ability to operate from a distance. These

  • actors are going to have to make a decision. How much are they willing to commit? And the

  • more they commit, the more they put their necks out and

  • that`s part of the goal here.

  • Is it the role of the Facebook user also to keep an eye out for a sort of suspicious activity

  • and what should they look out for?

  • Social media and the internet is a fairly new environment. Which means as people go

  • on this environment, many of our

  • fundamental techniques don`t work and what we`re seeing is threat actors exploit that.

  • And so one of the things that we try to do that`s really

  • important, as we identify this behavior, we want to make if visible and make it so that

  • people in the public can understand what`s happening. So

  • that they can do their own policing, they can make their own decisions.

  • For now (Nathanial) and his team are focused on finding those bad actors. As America heads

  • to the polls, questions remain about

  • how voters are influenced by foreign governments online and whether platforms like Facebook

  • are doing enough to protect our elections.

  • 10 Second Trivia. On March 10th, 1876, who famously said Mr. Watson come here I want

  • to see you? Samuel F.B. Morse, Sherlock Holmes,

  • Henry Morton Stanley, or Alexander Graham Bell? These words were spoken in the first

  • telephone call that took place between Alexander Graham Bell and

  • Thomas A. Watson.

  • A French government official says elementary and middle school students don`t play at break

  • times anymore. They just stare at their smart phones

  • and from an educational point of view that`s a problem. Critics say a new law that bans

  • phones, smart watches and tablets goes too far at a time when

  • technology is so integrated into daily life. Regardless of what people think is the right

  • call, French students won`t be making any calls this

  • year on campus.

  • As the new school year starts in France this week, some students may find themselves having

  • withdraw or as the Education

  • Minister calls it, a digital detox.

  • Our primary role is to protect children and teenagers. It`s a fundamental role for education

  • and so this

  • law permits that.

  • Passed in late July, a nationwide ban on cell phones is now in effect at primary and middle

  • schools across the country. Mobile devices

  • can no longer be used at any point during the school day. It`s meant to combat bullying

  • and end classroom distraction. A constructive mandate some

  • say that may be difficult to enforce.

  • I think it`s a good thing. It`s a good law. That it will be very difficult, very hard

  • because it`s a new way of life using

  • mobiles all the time.

  • It`s a campaign promise of President Emmanuel Macron who visited students on their first

  • day of school. The latest move in a country that

  • has lead the way in digital health. Last year France introduced a Right to Disconnect Law

  • banning businesses from requiring employees to respond to

  • emails after work hours.

  • This is an opportunity for us to send a message to elementary schools, middle schools and

  • to some

  • degree French society on how to develop a relationship with digital media.

  • More than 90 percent of French children over 12 have mobile phones. That`s according to

  • a 2016 report by French Telecom`s regulator

  • ARCEP. A significant jump compared to a decade ago. And the length of time spent on mobile

  • phones is only increased over time in the U.S. and

  • Europe. A 2015 report found teens in the U.S. spend an average of 9 hours a day. But whether

  • the technology is in fact addictive has been up for

  • debate and some argue that prohibiting technology all together during the school day is excessive.

  • I think it`s pretty stupid. Because, I mean, it`s not going to be very useful. I think

  • kids are still going to use their

  • phone anyway even if it`s banned.

  • They are not going to listen and maybe they are going to hide it in their pockets and

  • play in the toilet and cheat.

  • One study by the London School of Economics showed that students at English schools were

  • cell phone use is banned are higher performers.

  • France is about to find out if that rings true to it`s students. Lynda Kinkade, CNN.

  • There`s boating. There`s sailing and then there`s extreme sailing and that`s what we`re

  • highlighting today on 10 out of 10. Founded

  • in 2007, the Extreme Sailing Series is known as the Formula (inaudible) of the Seas. Each

  • catamaran has a crew of five traveling at speeds up to 39

  • knots, that`s like 45 miles per hour. Olympians, World Sailing Champions and America`s Cup

  • competitors all take part and sometimes fans are allowed

  • on board. Assuming they`re willing to go to extremes to take the "tack" of adventure and

  • see what Extreme Sailing is all "aboat". We`re not sure how

  • "stern" the rules are or where the lines are drawn but it`s obviously a great time "keeler"

  • that everyone who participates finds "heeling". I`m

  • Carl Azuz and I got this "sinking" feeling that we`re at the end of another show.

Welcome to a new day and a new broadcast. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10. You probably used

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