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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • On this last day of September, our first story is about a standoff in the U.S. government. A shutdown showdown.

  • This is straight out of civics and social studies: the House of Representatives and the Senate have to agree on bills and the president must sign them for them to become law.

  • But the government is divided. On one side, the Republican controlled House of Representatives

  • had voted Sunday to approve a spending plan to keep funding the government,

  • but only if President Obama`s Affordable Care Act, also called Obamacare is delayed for a year.

  • Part of the law has been delayed for some businesses.

  • The House wants it delayed for everyone.

  • That won`t work for the other side - the Democratic-controlled Senate and the president.

  • They agree the government should get the funds it needs to operate, but they say any changes to Obamacare a deal killer.

  • They all have until midnight tonight to work at a deal to avoid a partial shutdown.

  • Meantime, in the resources box at cnnstudentnews.com we have an explainer on what a shutdown would and would not include and how Obamacare factors into this.

  • There`s been some political action at the United Nations, too.

  • It concerns the civil war in Syria.

  • The Security Council where a lot of the U.N.`s power is, held a vote on Friday night.

  • Its 15 members agreed unanimously to require Syria to get rid of its chemical weapons as it has promised to do or Syria could face consequences.

  • The resolution does not say what those consequences might be,

  • and it doesn`t threaten military force against Syria, something the Obama administration wanted to do.

  • Some American lawmakers criticized the resolution saying it`s not strong enough and that it won`t do much to end Syria`s civil war.

  • Time for the "Shoutout."

  • What is this formula used for: if you think you know it, shout it out!

  • Is it for temperature conversion, distance conversion, light refraction or buoyancy.

  • You`ve got three seconds go.

  • If you multiply degrees Celsius by nine fifths and then add 32, you calculate degrees Fahrenheit.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your "Shoutout."

  • It`s a lot of conversion and fluctuation when measuring the Earth climate.

  • Warming, cooling, warming again.

  • Most folks agree that average temperatures have risen in recent decades.

  • What`s controversial, whether people are causing it.

  • An international group of climate change scientists says it`s 95 percent sure humans are to blame,

  • but some say, there`s still room for doubt.

  • INDRA PETERSONS, CNN METEOROLOGIST: It`s the intergovernmental panel on climate change, is now saying exactly what you said:

  • 95 percent certain that humans have caused most of the warming since 1950.

  • Let`s put this in perspective: where was the stands previous.

  • No, there have been previous reports here.

  • In 2007 it was 90 percent, so we`ve definitely made a headway here, but look at that jump -

  • when you talk about from just 2001 where they were only 66 percent sure.

  • Now, we always know, most people have that basic understanding, there`s a lot of carbon being released into environment and with that, temperatures are on the rise.

  • What is so key in this particular report:

  • we`ve been hearing a lot of talk about something called "The pause."

  • Let`s explain what the pause is and what`s this controversy is.

  • Notice, since 1950, we warned about .22 degrees Fahrenheit per decade, notice the steady climb up.

  • But since 1998, we`ve seen a slower rate in that growth.

  • Only .09 degrees Fahrenheit per decade.

  • So, if we`re this huge cause, people are saying why are we slowing that rate down?

  • Well, they are saying, you need to look at this big picture here.

  • There are previous times within this general trend when we`ve seen a slowdown and even a decrease,

  • but meanwhile, you`ve got to pay attention to the big picture.

  • That`s what ITCC wants to say to you, regardless that trend is still up that we are continuing to warm.

  • Now, a lot of people are saying, OK, what is this? What`s going on?

  • Well, one of the biggest controversies is, if you`re talking this model and you`re going forward, and you`re saying,

  • what`s going to happen in the future, you should be able to take that same weather model, go backwards 15 years and say, the result is what we have today.

  • Well, this is the conflict: we can`t do that for the last 15 years. We`re not getting that result currently.

  • AZUZ: One way the military and police can guard against future attacks is by learning from the past,

  • and the same way a detective might gather evidence from a crime scene.

  • Evidence from a bombing scene, from the smallest shred of paper, maybe, can lead investigators to the bomber.

  • CNN got an exclusive look into a top secret lab where technology and criminology intersect.

  • BARBARA STARR, CNN CORRESPONDENT: CNN`s cameras are the first ever allowed inside this warehouse.

  • The location is so secret, we`ve agreed to only say, we are somewhere outside of Washington D.C.

  • This is just part of 100,000 pieces of evidence from terrorists bombings in 25 countries.

  • Analysts here looking at every bomb fragment for clues to a bomber`s identity and bomb design.

  • Bombs from Boston, to the attempted underwear bombing of an airline to IED attacks in Iraq and Afghanistan have all been analyzed here.

  • It`s just a fingerprint`s smudge on the piece of metal, but whose is it?

  • Lifting fingerprints involves some of the most sensitive techniques:

  • here super glue vapors are blasted onto cell phone circuit boards from IEDs .

  • MARY KATHRYN BROOK, PHYSICAL SCIENTIST, TEDAC: This fumes are attaching to any finger prints that are left behind on this surface,

  • and then they form a plastic image over that fingerprint.

  • STARR: Ultraviolet light picks up fine details.

  • Prints are gathered off documents, even food wrappers.

  • IED parts gathered years ago in Iraq are checked for prints.

  • Beyond using fingerprints, the lab recreates exploded bombs to help identify bombmakers.

  • For the first time, you`re seeing new 3d images from IEDs.

  • Looking at tiny details for clues on how the device was put together.

  • CARLO ROSATI, SENIOR TOOL MARK EXAMINER: Although there may be many people out there every time we stop one, that`s one less that we have to worry about.

  • STARR: The lab has 100,000 boxes of evidence.

  • Every item is scrutinized as it`s coming in.

  • With the hope that some clue will lead the experts to the bomb maker and save lives.

  • Barbara Starr, CNN, Washington.

  • AZUZ: It`s time for the CNN STUDENT NEWS "Roll Call."

  • We`re marching over to Maysville, Kentucky, first to give a royal welcome to the Royals of Mason County High School.

  • It`s a mascot fit for a king.

  • We`ve also got some good prospects from Arizona: the prospect tours, I should say.

  • We strike gold in Apache Junction Arizona where you`ll find Apache Junction High School.

  • And Belleville, Illinois is where we find the Radars.

  • Central Junior High School. Thanks to all of you for tuning in to ten minutes of awesome.

  • And speaking of awesome today it`s time for "CNN Heroes".

  • It`s a program that recognizes the extraordinary accomplishments of ordinary folks.

  • People who see a problem take a step to solve it and then wind up changing the world.

  • Nicholas Lowinger knows all about taking steps to help someone.

  • He`s got more shoes than any one person could ever use.

  • NICHOLAS LOWINGER: September is back to school. And from us, kids, it means back to school shopping.

  • I used to take those things for granted, until I realized that there were a lot of kids who didn`t have those sort of luxuries.

  • I remember my first shelter visit, seeing kids who were just like me,

  • the only difference being - they had footwear that was falling apart.

  • UNIDENTIFIED BOY: I was nervous to go back to school.

  • My shoes were old and too small for me.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: When I lost my job, I had to decide, either to spend money on the shoes or medicine or diapers.

  • LOWINGER: Kids get blisters on their feet, because they have to wear whatever shoes they can get, and it just wasn`t right.

  • My name is Nicholas Lowinger, I`m 15, and I give new shoes to kids living in homeless shelters across the county.

  • My family`s garage is filled with the (inaudible) boxes full of new shoes.

  • Shelters send these orders with the kids` name, gender, shoe size -

  • I`ve donated new sneakers to over 10,000 kids in 21 states.

  • UNIDENTIFIED GIRL: Oh, thank you.

  • LOWINGER: Homeless children, they shouldn`t have to worry about how they`ll be accepted or how (inaudible).

  • Tiana.

  • UNIDENTIFIED GIRL: Wow! Shoes!

  • LOWINGER: It`s more than just giving them a new pair of shoes.

  • UNIDENTIFIED GILR: Yeah!

  • LOWINGER: I`m helping kids be kids.

  • AZUZ: Well, what`s good for the goose maybe good for the gander, but it`s not necessarily good for keeping your lawn clean.

  • That`s why someone invented the goosinator.

  • Looks and works like a remote controlled hovercraft, but it`s on a mission to get geese get done (ph).

  • First, it looks just like a bird brained idea, until it gets close and the birds take flight.

  • It`s not harmful, it is effective, but it`s also $3500 and it makes you wonder will the geese return.

  • Too many of them make the water fowl.

  • And it`s only worth the prize if they don`t come beak - oh yeah! Goose ponds.

  • They worth at least a gaggle.

  • They`ve helped us goose up our show today, and while we`d like to goose (ph) linger, we`ve got to take flight. So we`ll see you Tuesday.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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September 30, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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