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  • Well hey there! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

    嘿,你們好!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

  • So I've been talking about modal verbs

    所以我一直在談論情態動詞

  • over the last few weeks, about all of their different uses.

    在過去的幾周裡,關於它們的所有不同用途。

  • Now, don't worry if you missed out on them,

    現在,如果你錯過了他們,不要擔心。

  • the links are right here.

    鏈接就在這裡。

  • But one way to make sure that you don't miss out on

    但有一種方法可以確保你不會錯過以下內容

  • any of my weekly English lessons here is to subscribe!

    我的任何每週的英語課程在這裡是訂閱!

  • Subscribe by clicking the red button down there.

    點擊下面的紅色按鈕進行訂閱。

  • You'll get a message telling you as soon as

    你會收到一條消息,告訴你一旦

  • there's a new lesson here on the mmmEnglish channel,

    這裡有一個新的課程 在mmm英語頻道。

  • so you can keep studying with me and keep up-to-date

    這樣你就可以跟我一起學習,跟上時代的步伐了

  • with all of the new lessons.

    與所有的新課。

  • Okay so we've been talking about modal verbs a lot

    好了,我們已經討論了很多關於情態動詞的問題。

  • and in this lesson

    而在本課

  • I want to focus on the way

    我想關注的是

  • that they sound when they're spoken.

    他們說話時的聲音。

  • So this is a pronunciation lesson.

    所以這是一堂發音課。

  • That means you have to be ready to join in!

    這意味著你要做好加入的準備!

  • Say the words out loud with me.

    和我一起大聲說出來。

  • You must do this!

    你必須這樣做!

  • Well, you must do it

    好吧,你必須這樣做

  • if you want to improve your pronunciation

    如果你想提高你的發音

  • and I'm pretty sure that you do.

    我敢肯定,你做的。

  • Let's get our modal verbs up on the screen.

    讓我們把我們的情態動詞放在螢幕上。

  • We've got could, should, would, may, might, can, will,

    我們有可能,應該,會,可能,可能,能,會。

  • must and shall.

    必須和應。

  • For the record, I hardly ever use shall

    鄭重聲明,我很少用shall

  • and amongst all of my native English speaking

    在我所有以英語為母語的人中

  • friends and family,

    朋友和家人。

  • I hardly ever hear it.

    我幾乎沒有聽到過。

  • It's quite formal

    很正式的

  • and perhaps even a little old-fashion now.

    甚至可能現在有點老氣橫秋。

  • It's the kind of thing that I would hear

    這是我會聽到的那種事情。

  • my English grandma say

    英語奶奶說

  • but not my friends.

    但不是我的朋友。

  • So I'm actually just going to remove it from this lesson.

    所以,我其實只是要把它從這節課中刪除。

  • I'm going to get in trouble for that!

    我會是以惹上麻煩的!

  • But I want to focus this pronunciation lesson

    但我想把這堂發音課的重點放在...

  • on contractions

    關於收縮

  • and 'shall' is very rarely contracted anyway.

    而'應'是非常罕見的合同反正。

  • And one final disclaimer.

    還有最後一個免責聲明。

  • You are practising with me and my

    你在和我一起練習,還有我的

  • Australian accent here,

    澳洲口音在這裡。

  • which is a reasonably standard one

    這是一個合理的標準

  • but there are differences between

    但兩者有別

  • native English-speaking accents.

    以英語為母語的口音;

  • Okay enough of that,

    好了,夠了。

  • let's just get started with these words,

    我們就從這些話開始吧。

  • 'could', 'should' and 'would'.

    '可以'、'應該'和'會'。

  • Now the first thing

    現在的第一件事

  • that you need to pay attention to here

    你需要注意的是

  • is that the L in all of these three words is silent.

    是這三個詞中的L都是沉默的。

  • Don't try and pronounce that out.

    別想把它念出來。

  • It's actually easier than you think!

    其實這比你想象的要簡單!

  • 'Would' is pronounced just like 'wood'

    "會 "的發音和 "木 "一樣。

  • and 'could' and 'should' are also the same.

    而'可以'和'應該'也是一樣的。

  • Could, should, would.

    可以、應該、會。

  • So let's look at all of the possible contractions

    所以,讓我們看看所有可能的收縮。

  • for these modals.

    對於這些模式。

  • Now we learn in earlier lessons

    現在我們在前面的課程中學習到

  • that any of these modal verbs

    這些情態動詞中的任何一個

  • can be used to talk about the past

    昔日

  • simply by adding 'have'

    只需加上 "有 "字

  • followed by the past participle verb.

    後面是過去分詞動詞。

  • So in spoken English 'have' is often contracted

    所以在英語口語中,'have'常常被收縮為

  • or shortened.

    或縮短。

  • 'Could have' is often said

    人們常說'本可以'。

  • could've.

    本可以。

  • So the 'have' is shortened to just 've.

    所以'有'縮短為只有'已'。

  • Now if you're listening to native English speakers

    如果你聽的是以英語為母語的人的話

  • you might not even hear that sound.

    你甚至可能聽不到那個聲音。

  • 'Could have' can also sound like

    '本來'也可以聽起來像

  • coulda.

    本來可以。

  • You coulda brought the dog.

    你可以把狗帶來

  • You could've. You could have brought the dog.

    你本來可以的你可以把狗帶來的。

  • And the contracted pronunciation of 'have' is the same

    而'have'的收縮發音也是一樣的。

  • for all of the modal verbs.

    為所有的情態動詞。

  • 'Should have' becomes

    '應該'變成了

  • should've

    早該

  • or shoulda.

    或應該。

  • We shoulda left earlier.

    我們應該早點離開。

  • We should've left earlier.

    我們應該早點離開。

  • 'Would have' becomes

    '本來'變成了

  • would've

    本來

  • or woulda.

    或會的。

  • My dad would have known what to do.

    我爸爸會知道該怎麼做。

  • My dad woulda what to do.

    我爸爸會做什麼。

  • 'Might' and 'have' become

    '可能'和'有'成為

  • might've

    可能已經

  • or mighta.

    或可能。

  • She mighta taken the keys.

    她可能拿了鑰匙。

  • She might have taken the keys.

    她可能拿了鑰匙。

  • 'May' and 'have'

    "可能 "和 "有

  • may've

    可能已經

  • or even maya - if you're listening to a native speaker.

    甚至是瑪雅語--如果你聽的是母語人士的話。

  • I may have lost his address.

    我可能已經失去了他的地址。

  • I maya lost his address.

    我失去了他的地址。

  • 'Must' and 'have' becomes

    '必須'和'有'變成了

  • must've

    一定是

  • or musta.

    或者說是必須的。

  • We musta left our tickets in the car!

    我們一定是把票落在車上了!

  • We must have left our tickets in the car!

    我們一定是把票落在車上了!

  • Remember, it's okay to use these contractions

    記住,用這些收縮詞是可以的。

  • in informal writing

    信手拈來

  • but in formal writing, exams, reports and letters,

    但在正式寫作、考試、報告和信件中。

  • use the full word 'have'.

    用完整的 "有 "字。

  • And if you are ever unsure, just write 'have',

    如果你不確定,就寫 "有"。

  • it's not too formal.

    這不是太正式。

  • Okay so when we use

    好了,當我們使用

  • these modal verbs in a negative sentence,

    這些情態動詞在否定句中。

  • 'not' is often contracted to the modal verb.

    '不'常與情態動詞收縮。

  • They're pushed together - that's what a contraction is.

    它們被推在一起--這就是收縮的意義。

  • So 'could' and 'not' is contracted and it sounds like

    所以'可以'和'不'是收縮的,聽起來就像。

  • couldn't.

    不能。

  • Shouldn't, wouldn't.

    不應該,不會。

  • So the 'not' sounds like

    所以 "不是 "聽起來像

  • at the end of the modal verb.

    在情態動詞的末尾。

  • Okay let's go through this in a little bit more detail.

    好了,我們再來詳細瞭解一下。

  • We've got /'kʊd/

    我們已經得到了/'kʊd/。

  • nt/

    /ənt/

  • /'kʊd(ə)nt/

    /'kʊd(ə)nt/

  • I couldn't believe it! It was such a surprise!

    我簡直不敢相信!這真是個驚喜!

  • I couldn't believe it!

    我簡直不敢相信!

  • /'ʃʊd/

    /'ʃʊd/

  • nt/

    /ənt/

  • /'ʃʊd(ə)nt/

    /'ʃʊd(ə)nt/

  • Shouldn't we wait for Sam?

    我們不應該等山姆嗎?

  • Shouldn't we wait?

    我們不應該等嗎?

  • /'wʊd/

    /'wʊd/

  • nt/

    /ənt/

  • /'wʊd(ə)nt/

    /'wʊd(ə)nt/

  • They wouldn't ask you for money

    他們不會向你要錢

  • unless they really needed it.

    除非他們真的需要它。

  • They wouldn't ask you.

    他們不會問你。

  • /'mʌɪt/

    /'mʌɪt/

  • nt/

    /ənt/

  • /'mʌɪt(ə)nt/

    /'mʌɪt(ə)nt/

  • or /'mʌɪt(ə)nt/ depending on the accent.

    或/'mʌɪt(ə)nt/取決於口音。

  • You mightn't believe me, but I'm telling the truth!

    你可能不相信我,但我說的是實話!"。

  • You mightn't believe me!

    你可能不相信我!

  • /ˈmʌs/

    /ˈmʌs/

  • nt/

    /ənt/

  • /ˈmʌs(ə)nt/

    /ˈmʌs(ə)nt/

  • Notice that the middle 'T' is not pronounced

    請注意,中間的 "T "並不發音。

  • in the negative form.

    以消極的形式。

  • It's mustn't,

    這是一定不能的。

  • not must-n't.

    不是一定要,也不是。

  • You mustn't wear those shoes in the house.

    你不能在家裡穿這雙鞋。

  • You mustn't wear those shoes.

    你千萬別穿那雙鞋。

  • Now of course, there are a few irregular negatives

    當然,現在也有一些不規則的底片。

  • which you already know.

    你已經知道了。

  • 'Will not' is won't.

    '不會'就是不會。

  • 'Can not' is can't.

    '不能'就是不能。

  • 'Shall not' is shan't.

    '不得'是shan't。

  • And 'may' doesn't even contract with 'not'.

    而'可能'甚至不與'不'簽約。

  • You just need to say 'may not'.

    你只需要說'可能不會'。

  • Okay so now are you ready for level 10

    好了,現在你準備好迎接第10關了嗎?

  • pronunciation training?

    發音訓練?

  • These contractions get a little bit more difficult

    這些宮縮會變得更困難

  • when we start using negative modal verbs

    當我們開始使用否定式情態動詞時

  • to refer to the past with 'have'.

    用'有'來指代過去。

  • Then we have a structure that looks like this:

    那麼我們的結構是這樣的。

  • the subject with the modal verb

    狀語

  • with 'not', 'have'

    與'不'、'有'一起

  • and then the past participle verb.

    然後是過去分詞動詞。

  • And yes, all three words

    是的,這三個字

  • can be contracted together in spoken English.

    在英語口語中可以一起收縮。

  • Okay get ready for this!

    好了,準備好了!

  • 'Could not have'

    "不可能

  • couldn'tve.

    不能ve。

  • Although you'll never see it written like this in English

    雖然你永遠不會看到它的英文寫法是這樣的

  • but you will hear it spoken like this, all the time,

    但你會聽到它這樣說,所有的時間。

  • by native English speakers.

    以英語為母語的人。

  • I could not have done that.

    我不可能做到這一點。

  • I could not have.

    我不可能有。

  • I could not have done that.

    我不可能做到這一點。

  • So 'should not have' becomes

    所以'不應該'變成了

  • shouldn't've.

    不應該有。

  • The kids should not have been in the room.

    孩子們不應該在房間裡。

  • The kids should not.

    孩子們不應該。

  • The kids should not have been in the room.

    孩子們不應該在房間裡。

  • 'Would not have'

    "不會有

  • wouldn'tve.

    不會有。

  • He would not have approved this plan.

    他不會準許這個計劃。

  • He would not have.

    他不會的。

  • He would not have approved this plan.

    他不會準許這個計劃。

  • 'Might not have'

    "可能沒有

  • mightn'tve.

    可能沒有。

  • She might not have heard you say that.

    她可能沒有聽到你說的。

  • She might not have.

    她可能沒有。

  • She might not have heard you say that.

    她可能沒有聽到你說的。

  • 'Must not have'

    '不可以有'

  • mustn't've.

    一定不會的。

  • They mustn't've.

    他們一定不會這樣做的

  • They must not have brought their son.

    他們一定沒有帶兒子來。

  • That one's tricky!

    這個問題很棘手!

  • So that's it for this pronunciation lesson.

    那麼這節發音課就到這裡了。

  • It was a lot to take in, wasn't it?

    要接受的東西很多,不是嗎?

  • A lot of tongue twisting.

    舌戰群儒。

  • But you really should go back and watch

    但你真的應該回去看

  • this lesson a few times and practise out loud with me.

    這節課多練習幾遍,和我一起大聲練習。

  • Practise with me!

    和我一起練習!

  • You can't improve your pronunciation just by listening

    光靠聽是無法提高發音的。

  • can you?

    你能

  • You need to imitate me, you need to copy me

    你要模仿我,你要模仿我。

  • as I say all of the different contractions

    正如我所說的所有不同的收縮

  • through this lesson and all of the example sentences.

    通過本課和所有的例句。

  • In fact, imitating a native English speaker

    事實上,模仿以英語為母語的人。

  • is a really great way to practise and improve

    是一個非常好的練習和提高的方法。

  • your pronunciation.

    你的發音。

  • It's going to help you to sound more natural

    它會幫助你聽起來更自然。

  • as you speak English

    如同你說英語

  • because you can listen to the sounds

    因為你可以聽聲音

  • that you should be making

    你應該做

  • and imitate them straight after.

    並直接模仿他們。

  • Now if you want to keep practising like this,

    現在如果你想繼續這樣練習。

  • by imitating me,

    通過模仿我。

  • then try one of my imitation lessons right here,

    然後嘗試我的一個模仿課程就在這裡。

  • or here - that one's good as well.

    或這裡--那個也不錯。

  • Thanks for watching and I'll see you

    謝謝你的觀看,我會看到你

  • next week for another lesson here on mmmEnglish.

    下週在這裡mmmEnglish再上一課。

  • Bye for now!

    再見

Well hey there! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

嘿,你們好!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

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A2 初級 中文 英國腔 情態 動詞 英語 發音 模仿 練習

如何擁有自然的英語發音?(Natural English Pronunciation | Contractions)

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 02 日
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