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  • So often in American high school movies, there's a certain format when you think about the students, especially in those older films.

    美國高中電影常看見某種特定模式的學生尤其是在老電影中 。

  • The cliques, and the clichés, usually involve some alpha male who's a bit of a jock.


  • He's handsome and tough, but usually gets his comeuppance.


  • If there's an alpha female, the school's hottest chick, well, she often turns out to be mean and insecure.

    如果校園有個大姊頭,她是學校最正的辣妹,通常是個刻薄、沒安全感的人 。

  • Then there's the bespectacled nerd, or the likeable and clumsy stoner, and the wholesome churchgoing kid who really pines for wild excitement.

    然後還有戴眼鏡的書呆子,或討喜又笨拙的癮君子跟健康的教會小孩渴望著狂野的刺激感 。

  • Is there any truth to these stereotypes?


  • Probably, yes, but only you can be the judge of that.


  • A better question is, why do some kids always seem to attract a following?


  • That's what we'll find out today, in this episode of The Infographics Show, What Makes Popular Kids Popular?

    這是今天我們這集 The Infographics Show 要了解的是什麼讓夯哥夯姐夯起來的?

  • This popularity game isn't just a phenomenon in high school.


  • If you watch young kids interact in primary school, or even pre-school, you'll often see a child that seems to spend a lot of time by him or herself, ignored and sometimes looking slightly sad.

    如果你有觀察孩子們在小學,甚至托兒所的互動,你會看見一個小孩常被忽視跟獨處,有時看起來有點悲傷 。

  • Then you look over to the other end of the playground and there's a little tyrant shouting orders and taking charge of pretty much everything.

    然後你看到操場那邊有個小獨裁者發號施令,並且掌控一切 。

  • This is often the popular child, at least as far as the eye can see.


  • One Researcher named Patricia Hawley calls these types of children "bistrategic controllers".

    有個研究員叫 Patricia Hawley 稱這類的小孩為「雙重策略操控者」。

  • There's another name for this that you might know: Frenemie.


  • They dominate, and they could be what we call alpha-kids.


  • Hawley says they will also take stuff from their friends and threaten other children.

    Hawley 說他們也會向朋友索取物品並威脅其他人。

  • Now, while that doesn't sound like it could lead to popularity, she also says they have great social skills and can be very cooperative.


  • Still, why are they so popular?


  • Well, that's partly because they are usually quite charming and act in a positive way.


  • It draws kids to them.


  • This confidence of theirs attracts friends and that makes them happy, and this happiness is also said to be magnetizing.

    他們的這種自信能吸引朋友,並讓他們快樂,而這種快樂的感覺據說是相當有感染力的 。

  • Psychology Today goes further, explaining that by time the kids are around the age of eleven they are already in some kind of clique.

    如今的心理學更先進了,說明當小孩到 11 歲時他們已形成一些小團體了。

  • But there's one clique more popular than the others, and about one third of young students will be in that clique.


  • "This group engages in a lot of nasty political maneuvering to maintain or enhance social status," the researcher said,


  • stating that about one-tenth of students will be trying to get into this cliquethe hangers-onand another one-tenth will be natural-born loners.


  • About half of the students in one school year won't care much about popularity and have their own small group of friends,


  • without much politics, and they are generally loyal and caring to one another.

    他們沒這麼勾心鬥角而且通常對彼此更忠誠和關心 。

  • They might only be popular with their group, but it seems they might also be more content.


  • Besides being dominant, psychologists say that when children approach their teens, just being good-looking will make them popular,


  • as will athleticism, wealth, strength and sometimes the fear they impose, or the fashionable clothes they wear.


  • While manipulative and aggressive kids may win other kids over in the younger years,


  • researcher Antonius Cillessen says that these cool kids will often lose their attraction in high school.

    研究員 Antonius Cillessen 說,這些風雲人物在高中會失去吸引力。

  • But there is always nuance when it comes to the human mind.


  • An Australian study taken in 2015 said one of the best assets a kid can have if he or she wants to be popular is actually, "mind-reading."

    2015 年,澳洲的一項研究說,一個小孩想變夯最重要的資產其實是「讀心術」。

  • They were talking about young kids, though, ages 2-10.

    他們指的是約 2-10 歲的兒童。

  • They looked at 2,096 children from Asia, Australia, Europe, and North America and found that those that got on best and were popular knew what the other kids wanted, thought and felt.

    他們觀察亞洲、澳洲、歐洲和北美 2,096 個兒童,發現夯哥夯姐會夯是因為他們知道其他小孩的渴望、思想與感受。

  • They were empathetic.


  • You don't have to be a Mean Girl to be liked, but you may have to if you want to constantly be the belle of the ball.


  • The British Journal of Developmental Psychology said a similar thing, in that kids that know what others are thinking tend to be popular,


  • and they added that sometimes this could be used for kind acts but at other times manipulation.


  • It's no wonder school is sometimes called a Battleground.


  • The same study said jock popularity was indeed a real thing, stating older high schoolers will be drawn to strong, good-looking, athletic and smartly dressed kids.


  • But in actuality, said the study, we might just perceive them being more popularthey might also be secretly envied or hated by their peers.


  • Who needs that?


  • The study said the same about tough guys.


  • While they might be surrounded by minions, that doesn't necessarily mean they are popular.


  • Humans are not primates, and we don't have the same dominance hierarchy because we have more developed and complex minds.


  • In fact, what really makes popular kids more popular is when they have great impulse control.


  • They might get angry, but only when it is called for.


  • Most studies state that those dominant kids who may seem popular but are distrusted, disloyal, or too aggressive, are actually not as popular as we might think.


  • Psychologists state that these kids are often unhappy on the inside as we all get fulfillment from true love and sincere friendships.


  • But why trust the experts?


  • What do high school kids think about what makes others popular?


  • This was asked on a forum and here are some of the answers.


  • One high school senior said social skills was one thing, but also having some particular skill you are very good at.


  • You must have both.


  • The sociability might be an important factor here, as sometimes great minds tend to be less sociable.


  • We might call these young adults nerds, or geeks.


  • The genius Elon Musk said he was always a bit different, and for that he said he was continually bullied in school, enough to traumatize him.

    天才 Elon Musk 說他總是有點與眾不同,為此他總是在學校被霸凌,甚至到創傷的地步。

  • Musk's first wife once said, "I don't think people understand how tough he had it growing up. He was a really lonely kid."

    Musk 第一任妻子說:「我認為人們不了解他的成長過程有多艱難,他是個孤單的孩子。」

  • Michael Phelps said he was also bullied a lot, but said he channeled his anger into his training regimen.

    Michael Phelps 說他也常被霸凌,但他將憤怒導入他的訓練方案。

  • Most people on the forum agreed, being good at socializing and having some kind of talent was key to high school popularity.


  • Another person was maybe more cynical, and even had her own equation for popularity.


  • This combined looks, friends, number of enemies, rejections, and who is following you on Instagram.

    這些綜合了外貌、朋友、敵人數、拒絕數,和 IG 粉絲數。

  • She believed mathematically you could work out your popularity, but it's likely she was joking.


  • So, what if you are popular, or were popular, what does this mean for later life?


  • One study led by Joseph P. Allen, Hugh P. Kelly, Professor of Psychology at the University of Virginia, looked at 184 U.S. teens and followed them for ten years from age 13 to 23.

    由維吉尼亞大學心理學教授 Joseph P. Allen 主導的研究,觀察 184 名美國青少年 10 年,從 13 到 23 歲。

  • According to that study, being popular comes back to bite you in the butt.


  • They said the popular kids in high school were more likely to have problems with drugs, alcohol and even have more chance of becoming involved in crime.


  • The study also followed those cool kids in school who showed "pseudomature behaviors."


  • These are the reckless kids, the kids that first smoke, sneak into movie theaters, damage property or tell you how they reached second base when you haven't even been near the field.


  • Not surprisingly, these kids, as the Hollywood movies often portray, became more delinquent until it started to make them less popular and more reckless.


  • The study said they would take part in riskier and more criminal acts to gain popularity with older peers, but it was a dead-end street.


  • As for the kids that were only popular for their looks or bravado, the study said in later life this became a problem.


  • "These previously cool teens appeared less competentsocially and otherwisethan their less cool peers by the time they reached young adulthood," said the researchers.


  • Because their early relationships weren't grounded in empathy and love, in adult life they struggled to form lasting relationships.


  • So, are you in high-school right now, and if so, can you add to this?


  • We've all been there, so what do you think about these studies?


  • Do they mirror your experience?


  • Let us know in the comments!


  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called Private School vs Public School!

    還有請觀看我們另一部影片「Private School vs Public School!」。

  • Thanks for watching, and, as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.


  • See you next time!


So often in American high school movies, there's a certain format when you think about the students, especially in those older films.

美國高中電影常看見某種特定模式的學生尤其是在老電影中 。

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受歡迎的小孩有什麼特質 (What Makes Popular Kids Popular?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 05 月 12 日