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  • A dream is a succession of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that occur in the mind during certain stages of sleep.

    在特定的睡眠階段我們會做夢,夢是由一連串的意象、靈感、情緒、情感所組成。

  • Why we dream is not fully understood, though dreams have been a topic of scientific, philosophical and religious interest throughout history.

    為何我們會做夢還沒有完全找到原因,即使這些夢涵蓋各種主題,包含科學、哲學和歷史上的宗教趣事。

  • Not all dreams are pleasant and occasionally, we experience dark dreams or nightmares.

    不是所有的夢都令人愉悅,有時候我們會做噩夢。

  • Today, we'll be diving in to the world of the subconscious to learn what's really going on inside our heads at night.

    今天,我們將潛入潛意識的世界,探討晚上睡覺時腦袋怎麼運作。

  • In this episode of the infographics show, "Most common nightmares and what they mean?"

    在這集的 Infographics Show 將帶你了解「最常見的惡夢和它們代表的意思是什麼?」

  • First, a warning, a lot of the things you will hear in this video are based on pseudo-science and can't be verified.

    先提醒一下,接下來很多在影片中提到的是偽科學,尚未被證實。

  • Philosophers Aristotle and Plato, and later psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud all spent time theorizing on dreams,

    哲學家阿里斯多德及柏拉圖,還有後來的心理分析學者西格蒙德·佛洛伊德都花了很多時間研究夢,

  • and agreed that this late night brain activity, is a way for us to act out our unconscious desires in a safe state.

    也認同前夜晚睡眠的腦部活動是在安全的狀態下展現我們潛在的渴望。

  • And a 1960 study by William Dement, a professor of psychology and sleep medicine at Stanford University, documented the detrimental effects of not dreaming.

    一份由史丹佛大學心理與安眠藥專家 William Dement 於 1960 年的研究紀錄了沒有做夢的有害效應。

  • Results from the study showed that individuals who were awoken just as they entered REM sleep, the sleep state at which you dream,

    在研究中指出,在快速動眼期,也就是做夢期中就醒來的人,

  • had more anxiety, irritability, tension, less motor coordination and more feelings of emptiness and depersonalization.

    會更焦慮、易怒、緊張、協調性較差,而且更容易感到空虛和人格解體。

  • So dreaming is surely good for us, but then there's those dreams that can scare us and sometimes wake us in the night,

    所以做夢當然是對我們有益的,但那些令我們害怕,有時候在夜晚叫醒我們的噩夢,

  • and often linger in the conscious mind throughout the following day.

    常常在我們的意識揮之不去好幾天。

  • Bad dreams, nightmares, whatever you wanna call themwe all have them.

    噩夢、夢魘,不論你怎麼稱呼......我們都曾經歷過。

  • And something coincidental is, that many of the themes of these dreams are common to all of us.

    巧合的是,很多夢的主題是我們共同擁有過的 。

  • So we thought it would be interesting to take a look at which ones we commonly have, and what they really tell us about our psyche.

    所以,我們認為探討大家共同有過的夢背後的涵義是很有意思的。

  • Here's our top 10 list.

    接下來是十大夢境解析。

  • 10. Teeth falling out.

    第 10 名——牙齒脫落。

  • This dream has to do with insecurity and is common in different cultures all over the world.

    這個夢通常和不安全感有關,在不同的文化中也有相同的涵義。

  • It can mean that we're anxious about how others are judging us, and having teeth fall out or crack can represent financial concerns, and issues with vanity.

    我們也許對於別人如何看待自己感到焦慮,而牙齒脫落或損壞代表財務出現狀況和空虛感。

  • This dream can also be due to the fear of aging or becoming less productive - a metaphor pointing to the loss of the ability to fully bite into life.

    做這個夢也可能由於對老化的恐懼或生產效率變得比較低,暗喻著失去了掌握人生的能力。

  • We found there are many theories on this common dream and no one has yet agreed on a definitive meaning.

    對於這個夢有很多理論,但並沒有一個特定的解釋。

  • The Talmud, which was written in 400 AD, said that it meant your children were in danger or going to die.

    著於西元 400 年的猶太法典指出,這個夢代表你的孩子將面臨危險或死期將至。

  • Go figure.

    去探討看看吧。

  • 9. Meeting a celebrity.

    第 9 名——遇見名人 。

  • Ian Wallace is a dream psychologist who wrote The Complete A to Z Dictionary of Dreams.

    Ian Wallace 是一名夢境心理學家,曾完成著作「The Complete A to Z Dictionary of Dreams」

  • He says that dreaming of meeting a celebrity is one of the dreams his clients have the most.

    他說遇見名人是他的病患最常做的夢之一。

  • He believes the actual celebrity could be relevant as it may reveal what talents the dreamer values that they would like to show off in their own life.

    他相信夢到名人可能代表做夢者重視某方面的才華,讓他們想在生活中展現。

  • So while dreaming about Taylor Swift could simply hint that you've been spending too much time watching MTV, it could also mean that Taylor symbolizes something important to you,

    所以夢到泰勒斯可能隱喻著你花了太多時間看 MTV,或者泰勒斯象徵著某項對你而言重要的事物,

  • like self-expression, independence, or achieving your dreams.

    像是自我表現、獨立自主、追逐夢想。

  • 8. Unable to find a toilet.

    第 8 點——找不到廁所。

  • Yes, people really do dream of toilets!

    沒錯,人真的會夢到廁所!

  • And if you're dreaming about spending time on the porcelain throne, it's a hint at something private and personal that's lingering in the mind.

    而如果你夢到花時間在蹲馬桶,暗示著某件私人的事情在困擾著你。

  • Expulsion and excretion, can symbolize getting rid of something unpleasant or unnecessary.

    排泄代表擺脫某件不開心或不必要的事。

  • This could be an emotion, a person, a job, or whatever else you need to rid your life of.

    可能是某種情緒、人、工作、或任何你想從人生中擺脫的事物。

  • But if you're running around in your dream and can never find a toilet, that may represent your insecurities about letting go of what's not needed,

    但是如果你在夢裡奔跑而且找不到廁所,代表你無法放下不需要的事物,

  • even though you desperately long to be free of whatever it is.

    即使你深切渴望可以擺脫它 。

  • 7. Dreaming of being naked in public.

    第 7 點——夢到在公共場合一絲不掛。

  • Maybe you're in school, or on the bus to work, or already there in your boss's office;

    場景可能是在學校、去上班的公車上、或者老闆的辦公室;

  • wherever it is, you suddenly realize you are totally naked.

    不論在哪,你突然發現自己什麼都沒穿。

  • It's a dream many of us have at some point in our sleeping life.

    這是我們之中很多人可能夢過的。

  • Experts still aren't entirely sure what it means.

    專家還無法確定這代表什麼。

  • The majority of psychologists agree it probably doesn't represent an actual desire to be naked in public,

    多數心理學家認為,這不代表真的想在公共場合裸體,

  • and that it's more likely related to being embarrassed about something that others don't know about you.

    而比較可能是對於你沒有顯露給別人看的那一面感到尷尬。

  • Though other psychologists have suggested it comes from having feelings of guilt or inferiority.

    也有其他的心理學家表示這來自內疚或自卑感。

  • 6. Dreaming you can fly.

    第 6 點——夢到自己在飛。

  • This is a very common dream that you hear people recounting.

    這是個很常聽人提起的夢。

  • Dreams of flying are generally positive.

    夢到飛一般來說都是正面的。

  • They may represent feeling that nothing can keep you from reaching your goals that you have high hopes and that you are feeling in control of your life.

    代表沒有什麼可以阻止你達成目標,你有很高遠的理想而且感覺人生很有把握。

  • It may indicate you are reaching new levels of achievement in your career or in your personal life.

    這也許指出你在職涯或人生到達新的境界。

  • And it can also relate to your sense of spiritual development and conscious awakening.

    這也和你的心理發展和意識覺醒有關。

  • The flipside of this dream is that flying may also be compensating for a lack of freedom in everyday life or something is being overlooked or avoided,

    負面的解讀是,飛行可能是補償在日常生活中缺少的自由或被忽視、迴避的事物,

  • or that you need to see things from a higher perspective.

    或者你需要從較高的觀點看清什麼。

  • 5. Drowning.

    第 5 點——溺水。

  • When we're under a lot of physical or emotional pressure in waking life, it's common to dream of drowning.

    當我們在生活中承受許多身心壓力就會容易夢到溺水。

  • It can also mean you feel too deeply involved in a relationship and it is clouding your life in a way that is bringing imbalance and insecurity.

    也可以表示你在一段關係中陷得太深,讓你陷於困境生活失衡、帶來不安。

  • The act of drowning can also symbolize the fear of being overcome by your emotions, or debt if you are having money problems.

    溺水也象徵克服情緒問題或金錢問題。

  • So there are a number of possible causes, but dreaming of drowning is almost always a warning that you have gone too far or gotten in too deep with something.

    所以有很多可能的原因,但是夢到溺水通常警告你投注過多心力或太深陷在某個事物上。

  • 4. War.

    第 4 點——戰爭。

  • It's nearly always a negative sign if you're dreaming about war.

    如果夢到戰爭幾乎都是負面的象徵。

  • It's a warning about a period of hardship and troubles that you are sensing in your life.

    警示你人生中正面臨困難。

  • It may also represent an inner conflict that's in need of a resolution.

    也代表需要解決內在的衝突。

  • Or a battle of wills, like an ongoing disagreement with someone in your personal or professional life.

    或意志的鬥爭,像是和私人或專業領域的某人正在意見不合。

  • And war and fighting in dreams, can even manifest as a result of aggressive behavior or an abusive relationship that you are in or have been in, in the past.

    在夢裡打仗或是打鬥,甚至可以表現為你現在正在,或是過去經歷過的攻擊性行為或虐待關係所造成的結果。

  • 3. Being chased.

    第 3 點——被追著跑。

  • According to Richard Nicoletti, a psychotherapist trained at the Jung Institute in Boston,

    根據在波士頓榮格協會受訓的精神醫師 Richard Nicoletti 表示,

  • dreaming about being chased generally means that you are 'being told by your unconsciousness that you're avoiding an issue or a person.'

    夢到被追著跑通常是「潛意識告訴你,你正在逃避某件事情或人。」

  • Nicoletti also explains that context is very important when dreaming about being chased.

    Nicoletti 也解釋,夢到被追逐的夢境內容是很重要的。

  • Identifying the chaser, for example, is it a male, female, animal, or an unknown being in the darkness?

    像是看看追著你的人是誰,像是男生、女生、動物、或在黑暗中未知的東西?

  • Remembering this will help you to understand who or what you're avoiding in real life, that's inspiring these late night adventures in your head.

    記得這會幫助你了解你在現實人生中在迴避什麼,在夜晚腦中經歷的冒險是很有啟發性的。

  • 2. Falling.

    第 2 點——墜落。

  • If you're falling in your dream, then it's most certainly a scary nightmare.

    如果你在夢中墜落,這更篤定是最恐怖的夢魘。

  • Nightmares about falling often represent relationship or career issues, and they're particularly common for people in positions of power, like managers in the office, or parents at home.

    墜落的夢魘通常是人際關係和職涯的議題,而且特別容易被位高權重的人夢到,像辦公室主管、或家裡的父母 。

  • It's believed to be our mind's way of working through emotional trauma.

    這被認定是我們內心處理情緒創傷的一種方式。

  • And that terrible feeling dreamers experience right before plummeting to the ground represents a negative occurrence in your life.

    這種在墜地前體驗的恐怖感受代表你人生中的負面事件。

  • Sometimes it feels so real it can jolt you awake.

    有時候感覺會真實到把你晃醒。

  • There's a rumor that if you hit the ground and die in your dream, you will actually die for real and not wake up.

    謠傳如果你在夢中墜地死亡,你就會真的死亡而且不再醒來 。

  • But, of course, that's not true.

    但是,當然這不是真的 。

  • And what about dying?

    那奄奄一息呢?

  • Well, that's our number 1.

    好啦,這是我們的第 1 名。

  • According to the International Association For The Study of Dreams,

    根據夢的國際研究組織,

  • many people have dreamed that they died or hit the ground in a fall and of course they have lived to tell the tale.

    很多人夢到死亡或墜地,當然他們還活著才能講出這個傳說!

  • There are many different ways to interpret death dreams, but in essence they all boil down to the fact that death symbolizes an ending to something,

    很多不同的方式可以詮釋死亡的夢境,但基本上死亡可以歸結為某件事物的結束,

  • an event or emotion in your real life.

    在真實生活中的事件或情緒。

  • Psychotherapist Jeffrey Sumber told the Huffington Post that dreams about death often indicate the symbolic ending of something, whether it's a phase, a job, or a relationship.

    精神醫師 Jeffrey Sumber 向哈芬登郵報提到,死亡通常代表某件事物的終結,不論是某個階段、工作、或關係。

  • So, that's our list of 10.

    這就是我們夢的解析前 10 名。

  • Do you have a recurring dream or nightmare?

    你有反覆出現的夢或夢魘嗎?

  • And was it on our list or is it something different?

    有在這段影片提到還是不同的呢?

  • Let us know in the comments!

    歡迎留言讓我們知道!

  • Also, be sure to check out our other video called "Which Countries Are Still Truly Communist?"

    記得去看我們另一支影片「共產國家有哪些?」

  • Thanks for watching, and as always, don't forget to like, share, and subscribe.

    謝謝觀賞,不要忘記按讚、分享、訂閱。

  • See you next time!

    下次見!

A dream is a succession of images, ideas, emotions, and sensations that occur in the mind during certain stages of sleep.

在特定的睡眠階段我們會做夢,夢是由一連串的意象、靈感、情緒、情感所組成。

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最常見的噩夢和它們代表的意思 (Most Common Nightmares And What They Mean?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 06 月 15 日
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