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As children there is no limit to what we believe we can become
but as girls and boys, we are steered in different directions growing up.
This happens because of what we call "gender stereotypes ":
traditional ideas about what boys and girls can or should do.
They may not always obvious but stereotypes are everywhere.
And they start to follow us from our earliest days in the toystore
and continue to influence us when choosing subjects at school.
For instance , girls are expected to be good at arts and humanities,
while boys are led towards maths and science.
When we come across the same stereotypes again and again,
they begin to feel natural and start to shape our preferences and career paths.
More men go in to better paid jobs in science, technology, engineering and mathematics field,
and women tend to choose teaching and social work professions.
Acknowledging gender stereotypes and their consequences
is the first step towards breaking the mold ,
so that we build our lives based on our own choices.
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性別刻板印象影響教育?(Gender stereotypes and education)

11680 分類 收藏
Evangeline 發佈於 2018 年 7 月 3 日    Arnold Hsu 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

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大家在成長的過程中,有因為性別刻板印象而受到不平等待遇嗎?

1stereotype 0:15
stereotype 有「刻板印象;老套俗見;成見」的意思,當名詞使用,racial/gender stereotypes 指的是種族/性別刻板印象。
He doesn't fit the national stereotype of an English man.
他不符合一般人心目中英國人的形象。


*同場加映:
丹麥建築師 [B.I.G.] : 建築是科幻的真實,你想實現什麼瘋狂點子呢?(Worldcraft: Bjarke Ingels (Future of StoryTelling 2014)


2subject 0:34
在影片中 subject 指的是「學科;科目;專業」,除此之外,subject 也有「主題;題目;題材;話題」的意思。
My favourite subjects in school were English and geography.
我在學校最喜歡的科目是英文和地理。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】捕捉真實的故事 (Capturing authentic narratives - Michele Weldon)


3for instance 0:37
for instance 與 for example 一樣都有「例如」的意思,與 for example 用法相同,可在句首、句中和句尾使用。
My brother likes to read all kinds of novels, such as horror and romance novels, for instance.
我哥喜歡看各種小說,像是恐怖和浪漫小說。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】我們如何看到顏色? How we see color - Colm Kelleher


4tend to 1:05
tend to 為片語,意指「有……的傾向;易於」,tend 則有「照顧;傾向」的意思。
She tends to eat less when dining out with friends and family.
她和親友出去吃飯時會吃少一點。


*同場加映:
習慣的力量 The Power of Habit [Epipheo.TV]


5mould 1:15
mould 是 mold 的英式拼法,意思有「黴菌;模具;(人的) 性格」,在影片中是用模具來延伸出「傳統框架」的意思。
There was mould on the bread so I threw it away.
我把那塊發霉的麵包丟掉了。


*同場加映:
【傑米奧利佛料理教室】黑森林起士蛋糕 (Black Forest Frozen Cheesecake | Jamie Oliver)


如果大家用心去觀察,生活週遭其實處處充滿著性別刻板印象,甚至性別歧視,而這個議題的確值得大家去重視!

文/ Hsiang Lan Lee

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