初級 美國腔 13516 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Travel advice to tourists visiting the U.S. points out one custom most Americans wouldn't think twice about: their smile.
Guidebooks explain to tourists that Americans smile to strangers a lot.
So, why do Americans smile so much, and why is that so strange to everyone else?
Americans seem to smile even when there's not a very good reason to.
When you see an American smiling, they might be feeling happy, confident, or neutral.
Sometimes, just a polite way to make someone else feel comfortable.
Think "service with a smile."
Here's your receipt. Thank you very much!
In other countries, though, smiling for no reason can make you seem kind of dumb.
One researcher found in countries like Japan, India, South Korea, and Russia, smiling faces were considered less intelligent than serious ones.
His theory is that there's a connection between a country's level of instability and finding smiling stupid.
After all, how can you be so confident and happy when the future's uncertain?
That might help explain stereotypically frowning places like Russia, where smiling in photos isn't really a thing.
There's also some interesting research that helps explain the other end of the spectrum: why Americans have stereotypically mega-watt smiles.
It turns out that countries with a long, robust history of immigration have historically relied more on nonverbal communication.
Therefore, people there might smile more.
In a recent study, researchers looked at the number of "source countries" that have fed into a country since Columbus arrived in the Americas.
Places like Canada and the United States are very diverse, with more than 60 source countries. But places like China and Zimbabwe are more homogenous, with just a few nationalities represented in their populations.
The authors found that emotional expressiveness was correlated with diversity.
In other words, when there are a lot of immigrants around, you might have to smile more to build trust and cooperation, since you don't all all speak the same language.
But in the countries that are less-diverse, people were more likely to smile to show they were superior to one another.
In these countries, smiling is a way to preserve the hierarchy.
But American's just don't smile more often, they also smile much more enthusiastically.
For a study published last year, researchers compared the official photos of American and Chinese business and government leaders.
After coding them according to their levels of "facial muscle movement", they found that American leaders in all contexts were both more likely to smile and showed more excited smiles than the Chinese leaders did.
Later, they found the more a country's college students valued happy, high-energy emotions, the more excited the government officials from those countries looked in their photos.
Cultural differences in smiling don't just confuse foreign tourists visiting the United States.
They also come as a surprise for American companies doing business abroad.
When McDonalds went to Russia in the 90s, they had to coach their employees on how to smile.
But when WallMart opened stores in Germany, it had to tell its sales clerks to stop smiling at customers because some people saw it as flirting.
In other words, the American smile is a product of its culture.
And like any other product, we try to export it around the world.
This is "You Are Here", a new series about the science behind everyday life.
Let us know what topics you want us to explore in the comments.
I'm Olga Khazan, thank you for watching.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

美國人為什麼有事沒事都要微笑? (Why Do Americans Smile So Much?)

13516 分類 收藏
Rachel Kung 發佈於 2019 年 2 月 27 日    Rachel Kung 翻譯    Evangeline 審核
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔