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The world has made tremendous progress against extreme poverty,
the minimum amount of income necessary to feed your family.
Now, about less than 10% of the world
falls in extreme poverty.
Just three decades ago, it was 30%.
The progress that we've enjoyed
did not happen all by itself.
The ingredients for continued progress are present.
Thinking about the well-being of men, women, and children.
That's the overall philosophy I call humanism.
Progress comes from people solving problems,
from people setting a goal of improving the lot of humanity.
It comes from just the overall application of reason.
It's only by looking at trends
that you realize how much progress that we've made.
To be a happier person,
you can't let your view of the world
be determined by news headlines because
as long as bad events haven't vanished
from the face of the earth,
they'll always be enough of them to fill the news.
Wars still go on,
including the worst war in a generation in Syria,
but by and large the trend in war has been downward.
A fraction of the number of people are killed in wars today,
compared to the '60s, '70s, and the '80s.
The signing of the Colombian Peace Agreement,
the last war in the Western Hemisphere came to an end,
so an entire hemisphere is free of war.
In fact, 5/6 of the earth's surface is free of war.
That's an example of a kind of trend
that you can't really pick up from the news
because when a country doesn't have a war, it's not news.
Child mortality is down.
Maternal mortality is down.
Illiteracy is down.
90% of the world's population
under the age of 25 can read and write.
We're getting smarter.
In a phenomemon called the Flynn Effect,
IQ scores have been rising by three points a decade
for almost a century.
We spend, waste less of our waking hours on housework.
We work fewer hours.
We have access to culture.
All these developments--
they just never make the news,
but they give you a bit more confidence
in the way the world is heading.
Move backward,
if we look nostalgically to a golden age
which never existed.
if we prioritize competition between nations
over overall cooperation,
if we fall prey to dogma or charisma,
superstition as opposed to hardheaded reason,
then progress could slow down
and in some cases, even reverse.
Despite some of the unfortunate political events
of the last couple of years,
there's an enormous will to improve the state of humanity,
to lift up formally oppressed minorities,
to advance the rights of women,
to advance the well-being of people in the developing world,
and if we can continue to mobilize that energy,
then future progress is absolutely possible.
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七個世界更加美好的跡象 (7 Ways The World Is Getting Better)

7310 分類 收藏
Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 9 月 18 日   Rachel Kung 翻譯    審核

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我們所處的社會正以前所未有的速度進步當中,不管是政治、經濟、教育等面向,都可以發現世界走向平和的狀態。這一切的進步歸功於那些想讓世界更好的人,從南非總統曼德拉的反種族隔離運動,臉書執行長馬克.祖克柏透過科技連結人與人的距離,到數不清的創業家發明各項創新的產品和服務,都可以看到人們為所處的社會存在良善的信念。

1tremendous0:01
tremendous 是形容詞,意思是「巨大的;極好的」。同義字有 monstrous/prodigious/stupendous。monstrous 意思是「滔天、巨大的;可怕的;荒謬的」,比如 monstrous audacity 「滔天大膽」。prodigious 是「(能力、數量、力量上) 強大的」,Prodigious Accumulator of Wealth 「巨額累積財富」。stupendous 是「了不起的、大得驚人的」,像 stupendous news 「特大新聞」。
The atomic bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima released a tremendous amount of energy through nuclear fission.
日本廣島原子彈爆炸,其原子彈透過核分裂釋放大量能量。


*同場加映:
從 Burberry 到蘋果,年薪比 Tim Cook 還要高,Angela Ahren 的心路歷程 (A Conversation with Angela Ahrendts)


2come to an end1:20
come to sth. 是一個片語,意指「達到或進入某種狀態」。所以 come to an end 就是進入結束或停止的狀態。另外, all good things (must) come to an end 這句諺語是「天下無不散的筵席、千好萬好總有終」。還有 come to a head 意思是「到了緊要關頭;(事情) 成熟」。
"Fear not that thy life shall come to an end, but rather fear that it shall never have a beginning."— Newman, John Henry
不要害怕你的生活終將會結束,應該擔心你的生活永遠不曾真正開始。— 19 世紀神學家約翰.亨利.紐曼


*同場加映:
地球史上六次大滅絕!下一次末日將在何時到來?(The 6 Craziest Extinctions Ever)


3pick up1:29
pick up 這個片語有許多意思,有「拿起;學會;獲得」等義。分別舉例如下:pick up the book 「撿起書」、pick up a new language 「學會新語言」、pick up the skill 「掌握技術」。另外, pick up 也有「把妹」的意思。 有一點須注意,pick sb. up 中的 sb. 如果是代詞,如 pick her up,sb. 要放在 pick 及 up 的中間。
cholera is a disease that you might pick up in places with poor sanitation.
霍亂是一個在衛生不佳的地方容易染上的疾病。


*同場加映:
超爆笑!教你 10 件改變你想法的生活小技巧 (10 How To's That Will Blow Your Mind!)


4hardheaded2:26
這個形容詞意思是「冷靜的;腳踏實地的;頑固的」,同義詞有 shrewd/practical/realistic。另外 hard-boiled 用來形容「(蛋) 煮得老的;(人) 冷酷的、不帶感情的」。 hard-nosed 有「執著的、頑強的」意思。
Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg is a hard-headed and shrewd businesswoman.
臉書營運長雪柔.桑德伯格是位務實且精明的女商人。


*同場加映:
【TED】Dan Pink 談叫人意想不到的激勵科學 (The puzzle of motivation | Dan Pink)


5oppressed2:41
oppress 個動詞意思是「壓迫、欺壓;使焦慮」。形容詞為 oppressed 意思是「被壓迫的;焦慮的」。 oppress 這個字常與 suppress, repress 混淆。 oppress 意思是「用公權力或不法力量鎮壓」, suppress 有「用武力鎮壓、壓抑」的意思, repress 則為「壓抑、克制感情」之義。
For years, North Korean people have been oppressed by the Kim regime's ruthless governance.
多年來,北韓人民受到金氏政權殘酷的壓迫。


*同場加映:
經濟速成班 (Crash Course Intellectual Property and Economics!)


如同影片所說,假使我們持續動員這股為人類創造更多福祉的力量,為女權發聲、為少數族群聲張正義,那麼世界將會更加美好。不一定要對社會造成多大的影響,哪怕是一件善行也可以積少成多。那麼從今天開始,一起做件好事吧!

文 / Emily Chen

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