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  • Hey. Am I under the board or am I below the board, or am I both?

  • Okay, there we go.

  • Hey, everyone.

  • I'm Alex.

  • Thanks for clicking and welcome to this lesson on two very tricky prepositions, and those

  • are: "below" and "under".

  • So, we are going to look at the meanings of these prepositions and we're going to look

  • at some examples, some contexts so that you can better understand and more confidently

  • use them when you're talking about the physical position of something, or maybe not necessarily

  • even the physical position of something, but if you're measuring something, for example.

  • So, when I started the video, I asked: Am I below the board or am I under the board?

  • Well, it's actually both.

  • So, "below" and "under" can both simply mean lower than.

  • So: "Hey, where is the..." whatever it is.

  • -"Where's my mug?

  • Where's my cup?"

  • -"Oh, it's...

  • It's below the cabinet."

  • Or: "Oh, it's under the cabinet."

  • Okay?

  • So, basically if the cabinet is up here and your mug is here, or here, or here, or here

  • - it's below the cabinet or it's under the cabinet, just lower than the cabinet.

  • Same with: "It's under the sink."

  • Okay?

  • "It's under the sink" or "below the sink", it just means lower than.

  • All right?

  • And here I have Kiki from Kiki's Delivery Service, those of you who watch anime and

  • know who Hayao Miyazaki is.

  • So, she is flying on a broom and she's flying over a city.

  • The city is under her.

  • The city is below her.

  • It's lower than her, because she's in the air.

  • Right? Okay.

  • And she might be, like, flying over clouds, so the clouds could be below her or under

  • her as well.

  • Next, let's look at "below".

  • Some... Two specific instances where you must use "below", so for example, not directly under.

  • So if something, like I said, is...

  • If you have something here like a shelf, and you have an object here, like this marker,

  • for example, the marker is not, you know, directly under the shelf, so we say it's below.

  • So, for example: "We stopped 100 meters below the top of the mountain."

  • If we're climbing the mountain and then we stop to take a break, maybe there's a cabin

  • where you can go in, have some hot chocolate, prepare to climb the rest of the mountain,

  • you can say: "Oh, we stopped 100 meters below the top of the mountain."

  • You're not under the mountain.

  • Right?

  • You're on the mountain, and you're below the top of it.

  • Next, for measurements.

  • Now, you must use "below" when you're talking about measurements.

  • So, for example: "It's 5 below 0."

  • So if you're talking about degrees Celsius, or...

  • Well, not in Fahrenheit.

  • Degrees Celsius, basically, you can say: "It's 5 below 0."

  • Not: "5 under 0.", "5 below 0."

  • Another example: "We are at 150 feet below sea level."

  • If you're talking about someone's scores in their class, you can say: "Her grades" or

  • "His grades are below average."

  • Or you can perform below expectations-right?-if you're measuring performance, for example.

  • Next, for "under", basically if anything is covered, it, you know...

  • You have to use "under".

  • So, for example: "The cat is under the bed."

  • Right?

  • So he's under the bed, he's covered.

  • Or with a blanket, for example, if a blanket is covering you, you are under the blanket.

  • I am wearing a t-shirt under my jacket, under my blazer.

  • Okay?

  • Because the t-shirt is covered, so my t-shirt is under my jacket, under my blazer.

  • And finally: "under" can be used as a synonym for "less than".

  • So, for example: "He's under 18."

  • Under 18 years old.

  • He's less than 18 years old.

  • "There were under 5 people at the office today."

  • So, there were less than 5 people at the office today.

  • All right, so let's do some quick practice.

  • I have a grammar book.

  • I have a novel that I'm reading right here.

  • Where is the grammar book?

  • Well, my grammar book is under my novel.

  • Right?

  • Because it's touching directly, so it's directly under.

  • Okay?

  • Now, where is my grammar book?

  • My grammar book is under the novel.

  • It's also below the novel, because it is lower than the novel.

  • All right?

  • So, just to give you another concrete example of how to use these two very tough prepositions.

  • So I don't want to complicate it, so I'll just repeat it one more time.

  • Lower than, "below" or "under".

  • Not directly under, use "below", like if you're climbing a mountain, for example.

  • For measurements, like you're talking about how cold it is, so temperature, how, you know,

  • sea level, anything related to measurements, use "below", "below", "below".

  • And for "under", lower than, like I said, "below" and "under" for both.

  • If it's covered with a blanket, for example, or you're wearing a jacket and you're covering

  • yourself, please use "under".

  • So, for example: In the wintertime in Canada, you know, if you wear a jacket and if you

  • wear a light jacket, one of your friends or family members might say: "Oh, you look like

  • you will be cold."

  • You can say: "Don't worry.

  • Don't worry.

  • I'm wearing five shirts under this." Okay?

  • So, if you're wearing a lot of layers, a lot of shirts, you can say: "I'm wearing four

  • layers under my jacket or under my shirt, so don't worry, I'm warm."

  • And finally, less than.

  • So, he's under 18, there were under 5 people at the office today.

  • Finally, if you want to test your understanding and make sure that you are more comfortable,

  • more confident using and understanding these prepositions, as always, check out the quiz

  • on www.engvid.com.

  • And while you're there don't forget to subscribe to my YouTube channel, check me out on Facebook

  • on my fan page, and check me out on Twitter.

  • So, til next time, guys, thanks for clicking.

  • I'm going under the board, below the board, under, below, under, below.

Hey. Am I under the board or am I below the board, or am I both?

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A2 初級 美國腔

英語介詞。下面和下面 (English Prepositions: BELOW & UNDER)

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    許大善 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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