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You can tell a lot about a country
from its passport.
Color is the first giveaway.
Nations tend to pick colors
that reflect their national character.
New Zealand decorates its famous rugby team,
its airline, and its passports
in the nation's favorite color, black.
Many Islamic countries have green passports
because of the importance of the color in the Muslim faith.
But as well as a statement of national identity,
color can demonstrate international cooperation.
The British passport was originally a regal navy blue.
But after Britain joined the European Union in 1973,
it switched to Burgundy red in line with other EU countries.
The common color was supposed to make
European passports instantly recognizable.
But since colors can't be patented,
nothing stops others with the same idea.
A number of countries that aspire to join the EU
have changed their passports to Burgundy too.
Meanwhile, Britain has decided to leave the club.
Its government has announced that the UK passports
will revert back to navy blue after Brexit.
If you have a passport from Singapore or South Korea,
you're in possession of one of the most powerful
travel documents on earth.
Passport power is measured by the number of countries
the holder can access visa-free.
Currently sharing first place in the power rankings,
Singaporean and South Korean passports
provide visa-free access to 162 countries each.
British passport holders share fourth place
in the power ranking with six other nations,
each accessing 159 countries visa-free.
Americans rank fifth with access to 158.
Somalia, Syria, Pakistan, and Iraq
are among the world's least powerful passports.
Afghanistan is the lowest-ranking of all,
with visa-free access to just 26 countries.
Having to get a visa is a hassle.
First, there is the never-ending form.
Then there are lengthy appointments and expensive fees.
Some visas also require travelers to pre-book flights
to prove that they intend to return home.
But there are unexpected upsides
to some of the world's weaker passports.
Middle-ranking Namibia is one of just a handful of countries
whose citizens can enter Angola visa-free.
India is one of only three countries
whose citizens have visa-free access into Bhutan.
A low-ranking passport limits your choices,
but not your sense of adventure.
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【經濟學人】你的護照究竟有多強大?(How powerful is your passport? | The Economist)

14880 分類 收藏
Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 6 月 15 日    Grace Chen 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

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你知道哪一個國家去不丹免簽嗎?你知道紐西蘭的護照是什麼顏色嗎?那你知道哪兩個國家的護照是全世界最強大的嗎?如果不知道,沒關係!快跟著小 V 來看這部影片,一起長知識吧!

1giveaway   0:06
giveaway 可以當作動名詞或形容詞,當名詞時是「洩漏;贈品」,當形容詞時是「洩漏真相的;贈送的」。而在這部影片中,它是當作名詞「洩漏」的意思。
Many stores offer lots of giveaways to attract customers.
許多店家送出很多贈品來吸引顧客上門。

She tried to hide her feelings, but the tears in her eyes were a dead giveaway.
她試著隱藏情緒,但她眼眶裡的淚水卻露餡了。


*同場加映:
【VidTalk】高年級實習生 (The Intern Trivia)


2burgundy   1:11
burgundy 這個名詞的意思是「法國勃艮地紅 (白) 葡萄酒」,在這部影片中,它來拿當成「酒紅色」的代名詞。在日常生活中,我們也可以這樣用,請看下面例句:
I love that burgundy red bag!
我超愛那個酒紅色的包!


*同場加映:
牛津鞋大解密!你知道不同的牛津鞋怎麼穿嗎? (Oxford Shoes Guide - How To Wear, Buy & Combine Men's Oxfords)


3hassle   2:26
hassle 可以當作名詞或是動詞,名詞的意思是「麻煩、困難;口角」,當作動詞時是「找麻煩」的意思。
It was a real hassle to move again.
要再搬一次家真的很麻煩。


*同場加映:
2008年金融危機:速成班經濟學# 12 (The 2008 Financial Crisis: Crash Course Economics #12)


4a handful of 2:50
a handful of 的意思是「少數、不多」,同義字有 few 或是 a small number of。此外,handful 在口語中還有「難管、棘手的人」的意思,通常用在形容小孩。
Only a handful of people came to the class at 8 AM.
只有一些學生來上早八的課。

My younger brother is a real handful.
我弟真的很難管。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】美國憲法的制定 (The Making of the American Constitution - Judy Walton)


看完這部影片,你是不是跟小 V 一樣覺得紐西蘭的護照很美呢?你是不是跟我一樣很羨慕南韓跟新加坡人呢?他們的護照真的去很多國家都超方便的啦!而我們就只好......乖乖去辦簽證囉!

文/ Judy Huang

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