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Hi, I`m Carl Azuz with CNN 10. Welcome to
the show.

As we begin a new week of news coverage, the
Northeastern U.S. has taken one punch from

a powerful storm and it`s bracing for another
could strike

midway through the week. Americans from Virginia
to Massachusetts and every state in between

are taking stock of the damage from a Nor`easter.
On the coast, streets are flooded and homes
are underwater. At least six people have been

Over the weekend, shingles of roofs were peeled
by winds gusting higher than 90 miles per

hour. That`s the strength of a category one

And one resident of Massachusetts says the
beach is all over his front yard.

But for all the problems it`s causing, it`s
not unusual for a storm like this to strike

at a time like this.
occurs within the most crowded coast line

of the United States, the Northeast, and they
can occur

any time of year but are most common between
the months of September and April. That`s

when weather conditions are primed for a nor`easter.
SUBTITLE: What is a Nor`easter?
GRAY: You start with a low. It`s going to
travel from the Southeast to the Northeast

and intensify. Nor`easters are strongest around
New England

as well as the Canadian Maritime Provinces.
Now, we have very warm water in the Gulf of
Mexico and all around the coast of Florida,

it`s going to warm the air above it and that
warm air is going

to clash with very cold air coming in from
the north. Now, nor`easters carry winds out

of the Northeast at about 58 miles per hour
or more. And

keep in mind, the wind direction out of the
Northeast is what defines a nor`easter.

It`s also going to cause beach erosion, as
well as coastal flooding and very, very rough

ocean conditions.
Now, not all nor`easter have snow, but some
of the most memorable ones have dumped lots

of it.
AZUZ: The National Weather Service says the
next nor`easter could hit on Wednesday or

Thursday. It addition to high winds and waves,
heavy snow

could also be a part of it. That`s especially
concerning for the places that were already

damaged over the weekend. Last night, power

said more than 400,000 people had no electricity.
And to give you a sense of how unstable the
first storm made the atmosphere, have a look

at this jet trying to land in a crosswind

Washington, D.C., and how much the pilot tried
to adjust before he or she decided to postpone

the landing.
More than 3,000 flights in and out of the
Northeast had to be cancelled. And the effects

of this system were felt as far west as Ohio,
which like

New England saw large amounts of snowfall.
Coastal communities in Massachusetts pounded

by monster waves. High tide sent water rolling

streets and into homes. In Quincy, dozens
of residents had to be rescued by trucks and

scooped up by front loaders. Christine Way-Cotter
was one of

those getting a ride out of danger.
was kind of scary because we were the ones

standing up on it and having to hold on. So,
but, you know,

we`re lucky. It`s just things that will get

YOUNG: Storm conditions are expected to improve
on Saturday, but the wind is still a factor,

so is coastal flooding. Near Portland, Maine,

surge left this home teetering on the edge
of the Atlantic Ocean.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The plan is to lift it
and move it back a little bit, I believe.

But it`s a lot of things that have to happen
before that happens.

So we`re just trying to keep it from going

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You feel bad for the people,
but that comes with having a house on the

water. Ocean wins, you lose.
YOUNG: Another issue is power outages. In
Watertown, Massachusetts, high winds made

power lines fall like dominos.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We had traffic lights all
over town that were out and affected by this

grid. But the first responding (INAUDIBLE)
trouble man,

he isolated the area and have them shut the
circuit off because as you can see, the wires

were overcast. It was pretty dangerous, dangerous
YOUNG: One woman in Brockton, Massachusetts,
says her son is lucky to be alive. He was

sitting in the backseat of a car when a tree
came crashing

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The house shook and then
we heard a noise. We didn`t know what it was.

We ran out, and my son was still in the car
with the

tree on top of it.
AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:
In groups, what kind of animal is known as
a "raft" on water and a "waddle" on land?

Penguin, goose, seal, or turkey?
Of these options, the only animal that`s a
raft on water and a waddle on land is the

AZUZ: So, this would be a huge waddle of penguins.
Groups of them are also called colonies and

scientists say this is a super colony of more

1.5 million penguins. Specifically, they`re
Adelie Penguins, relatively small penguins

that live in Antarctica. Though their populations
have been

decreasing in other parts of the Antarctic
Peninsula, satellite images indicated a lot

of them were here, and scientists got to the
islands in

late 2015 to see and count for themselves.
Their findings were just published this month.
They say the colony was previously undiscovered

because the island is so remote that the birds

kind of flew under the radar, get it? And
the fact that the penguins are so isolated

might have helped their numbers grow. Scientists
are hoping

the site will be designated as a marine protected
area as they continue to study the birds here.

Will the work of an American teenager helped
doctors identify the early stages of pancreatic

cancer? The disease is highly dangerous, and

mysterious. The pancreas, a pear-shaped organ
located behind the stomach helps the body

digest food and regulate blood sugar.
But when it develops cancer, it`s hard to
identify, hard to threat and hard to stop.

More than seven out of 10 people with pancreatic
cancer die

within a year of being diagnosed.
That motivated Jack Andraka to search for
a better way to identify it.

cancer detection is really difficult. All

the methods that we`re currently using can

detect the cancer where it`s in the latest
stages, when you have less than two percent

chance of survival.
My name is Jack Andraka. I`m 21. I`m a global
health researcher at Stanford University in

California. And at age 15, I created a new
way to

detect pancreatic, ovarian, and lung cancer
that costs three cents and takes five minutes

to run.
A close family friend who was like an uncle
to me passed away from the disease. It was

a really devastating tragedy and it really
inspired me to

try and find new ways of detecting pancreatic

My breakthrough moment really came in my eighth
grade biology class. I was reading this article

and all these really impressive properties
of these

narrow (ph) materials and at the same time
we are learning about these certain classes

of biological molecules. And all of a sudden,
I was just

like, what if I combine these two ideas?
I contacted 200 different professors. I got
199 rejections. It was about like eight months

since my lab work. Nothing had been working.
But then I did my tenth test of like this
test strip and finally plotting the results.

It worked out into this beautiful curve. It
was just one of

the happiest moments of my life.
It`s based of these amazing properties of
nanoparticles that only react to one specific

molecule. In this case, a protein that circulates
in your

blood when you have these cancers. So what
you do when you combine them, you end up with

a carbon substance that will only react to
that one protein

that indicates that you have a cancer.
It can actually detect pancreatic, ovarian,
and lung cancer all simultaneously. Also simply

switch off one component of it, it can detect
entire different diseases, Alzheimer`s, other
forms of cancer, even HIV/AIDS and heart disease.

So, so far, we`ve run a couple of preliminary
experiments with this test strip and it has

over 90 percent accuracy in the sample size.

change in clinical trials but it`s going to
be a lot more accurate. There are existing

tests and test around 60 to 70 percent accurate.
It`s really been a life-changing experience.
At age 15, one typically doesn`t get to skip

school to go to the White House.
STATES: Jack, stand up.

ANDRAKA: It`s been a really amazing experience
and it really changed how I live my life.

I didn`t even know what pancreas was when
I started this.

So if I could create a new way to detect pancreatic
cancer at age 13, just imagine what you can

AZUZ: In Northern Michigan, it`s so cold,
even the ice has turned blue. Here`s what

that looks like in the Straits of Mackinac,
which operate the

Great Lakes of Michigan and Huron.
A windstorm caused large chunks of ice to
pile up, and it appears blue because it`s

so dense, it doesn`t have the tiny air bubbles
in it that the

ice and your freezer has. Without the air
bubbles to make it look white, the ice reflects

the blue part of light more easily.
So, it`s like the blue light is locked up
in prism. As far as we can see, it`s only

a big deal in the visible spectrum of things
and we`re glad we

can shed light on something that might have
been mysterice. It makes for a colorful conclusion

ROYGBI-fore we go for the day.
I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.


CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 5, 2018 | Northeastern U S recovering from one storm and bracing (CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 5, 2018 | Northeastern U S recovering from one storm and bracing)

1493 分類 收藏
VoiceTube 發佈於 2018 年 3 月 5 日




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