中級 美國腔 2558 分類 收藏
Fridays are awesome!
And we`re happy you`re spending 10 minutes
of your Friday to get updated on events from

around the
I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.
In China, debate is burning over what the
country should do about coal.

China is the world`s largest consumer of coal,
more than 60 percent of the nation`s energy

comes from the fossil fuel.
But to generate that energy,
coal has to be burned.
And when it is, it gives off emissions like
carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, mercury, ash

and particulates, all of which can
pollute the environment.
And China has struggled for years with hazardous
air pollution.

The government launched a war on pollution
a few years ago.

It aimed to convert the nation`s energy sources
from coal to cleaner forms of energy

like natural gas.
But that comes at a cost.
Coal is cheap.
It`s relatively inexpensive to mine, inexpensive
to buy, inexpensive to burn.

So, weighing coal`s impact on the environment

its impact on the consumer created a catch-22
for the government.

The winter in northern China doesn`t care

if you`re poor, doesn`t care that Huang Yi
Min (ph) is 75, has

heart problems, is partially paralyzed.
The harsh air is relentless.
And in the depths of poverty, coal is his
only way to fight back.

Coal is so dirty.
Leaves black soot all over, he says.
So one shovelful at a time, he feeds a furnace
next to his bed -- not ideal but it`s the

only kind of heat he can afford, which is
why the government

ban on coal is so brutal.
I had to burn it secretly, he says.
How else could we survive?
Coal is cheap and the primary heat source
here, where many household incomes are as

little as a few dollars a day.
But burning coal is also a
major reason why the air here can look like
this, a "Mad Max" style hellscape, eye-burning

air pollution so thick you can taste it.
So, in October 2017 the Hubei (ph) province
government banned residential coal use.

Instead, they hastily installed these yellow
pipes meant to

carry cleaner natural gas to people`s homes.
(on camera): But what homeowners are telling
us is that buying that natural gas to their

heat their homes would be way more expensive

using coal and, in most cases, it would be
completely unaffordable.

(voice-over): But even if you had enough money
to buy natural gas, supply shortages meant

that a lot of these pipes are empty.
People were freezing;
coal was still being burned and the public
backlash was fierce, unusual in Communist

So Beijing took notice.
The ban on burning coal was lifted in December
but the effects have lingered.

Mr. Wong`s (ph) hands aren`t usually clean
but they were during the ban because he wasn`t

allowed to sell coal anymore.
He is back at it now but
business isn`t good.
People don`t dare buy too much, he says.
They fear coal could be banned again at any

Huang Yi-min (ph) resents the choice that
he was forced to make: follow the law or freeze.

We are not being taken care of by the people
in Beijing.

They don`t listen to us.
The government says it`s working on new lasting
solutions but the winter won`t wait while

they figure things out.
Matt Rivers, Hubei Province, China.
AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia.
Where would you most likely find an SoC?
Smartphone, calendar, wharf, or analog watch?
SoC is an abbreviation for system on a chip,
part of a smartphone that combines memory,

graphics, a modem (ph) and other components.
AZUZ: Nine hours per day, that`s how long
American teenagers spend using media, everything

from TV to video games and books, music and
social media.

And this is in their leisure time, what they
chose to do for their enjoyment.

It does not include any media they use for
school work.

It`s all according to Common Sense Media,
a nonprofit group that examines the impact

that technology can have on kids, parents
and teachers.

because the organization also says that 50
percent of American teenagers report feeling

addicted to mobile devices, they`ve teamed
up with another

nonprofit called the Center for Humane Technology
to examine the effects that all this tech

is having on young people.
We heard a lot on addiction and technology,

what this is something a little bit larger
than you guys

are launching.
So, take me through it.
launching a major new national campaign the

truth about tech.
The point is to educate the
public, opinion leaders, government officials
and the tech industry about the impact of

technology on kids` brains and how this is
affecting our

society, both pro and con.
SEGALL: I`ve known you from many years and
you`ve been talking about this for a really

long time.
Take me back to when you first started thinking,
OK, we`ve got to start paying attention to
the impact of technology.

TECHNOLOGY: I`ve started working on these

issues in 2013.
All of these companies are competing to
get attention.
They`re not going to stop you and it`s not
enough to use the products, I have to reach

deeper down the brain and took you and create
an unconscious habit or an addiction to hold
on to that 30 minutes like (INAUDIBLE) on

your day on Facebook or on Snapchat.
SEGALL: When you look at the business model
for these companies, they are built on getting

us to pick up our phone more.
We live in this attention
So, can these tech companies really make changes
without fundamentally shifting the way that

their business works?
STEYER: We`re not particularly overnight success.
This is a multi-year effort and we`re going
inside to tech companies and we believe that

term, both from the bottom up with grassroots
public support or from the top-down, with

intelligence legislative efforts, the combination
can make

fundamental change, explain the truth about
tech and make really positive solution.

HARRIS: I need some simple things like right
now you`re listening to this, turn off all

notifications on your phone except when a
human being, a

person, wants your attention.
That`s one simple change you can make today.
Another can be very popular just recently,
is turning your phone in gray

(ph), you can see that.
But make your phone gray, it takes out all
those chip-like slot machine will work.

It has a huge impact of feeling like
your phone is more of a tool and less like
an addictive substance.

SEGALL: Do you think we can put the genie
inside the bottle?

HARRIS: I don`t think it`s up (INAUDIBLE)

I think this is game over unless we fix it.
I think that we have to take (INAUDIBLE) you
realize that every time you open up that Facebook
icon, you just activated a super computer

that`s going to play chess against your mind
to figure out

what`s the perfect thing I can show you.
And it`s only going to get better and better
and better at doing that, and you realize

you`re bringing a
knife, you know, millions of (INAUDIBLE) sharing
hardware, you know, up to that against a super

You`re going to lose.
AZUZ: Today`s "10 Out of 10" report goes to
a rescue flight in the Democratic Republic

of Congo that turned into a bonding experience

the pilot and a baby chimpanzee.
Mosa (ph), the chimpanzee, was apparently
orphaned by poachers.

But while he was on a flight to a primate
rescue and rehab center, he made a new

He was even allowed to adjust the throttle
at one point.

The pilot said the video looks cute, but in
an ideal world, the baby chimp would be with

its mother.
Still, his new home is with an organization

says its mission is to give the best possible
care to orphan primate and conservationists

there say the chimp appears to be in good

Of course, if a pilot were to adopt an animal
like that, he`d be a chimp off the old block.

They could become prime mates.
The animal story might
have started tragically, but all considered,
it had a happy landing.

And it`s where we touch down for the week
on CNN 10.

I`m Carl Azuz.
Thank you for being the best part of our show.


CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 2, 2018 | China's coal conundrum (CNN 10 | CNN Student News | March 2, 2018 | China's coal conundrum)

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