中級 美國腔 9504 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Hey there, welcome to Life Noggin!
Let’s say that one day, you get hit in the head with a baseball.
Ouch.
It hurt but you brush it off.
You go home and go to sleep, but, what if that hit did more damage than you thought?
What if you never woke up?
A coma is a prolonged state of unconsciousness.
Someone in a coma is unresponsive to touch, sound and pain.
There’s minimal brain activity and the patient may not be able to swallow or breathe on their own.
Usually, comas don’t last more than a few weeks but sometimes people never wake up.
The roots of consciousness aren’t fully understood but it’s believed that for humans
to be awake and conscious, a few things in the brain need to be functioning properly.
First, the Reticular Activating System, a group of neurons that dictates wakefulness,
needs to be in good shape.
Second, both cerebral hemispheres of your brain need to be fully intact.
A coma is the result of either a dysfunction of the RAS, or damage to both cerebral
hemispheres.
This can happen in a number of ways.
Traumatic brain injury.
A stroke.
Drug or alcohol overdose.
A brain tumor.
A really bad infection.
Even diabetes can lead to a coma.
But, what’s really going on when you’re in a coma?
In a comatose state, brain activity is minimal but the brain is still alive and consuming
energy from the body.
The brain’s networks are rerouted.
So, normally active areas go quiet and usually dark areas light up with activity.
As for the actual experience, different people recall different things.
Many remember terrifying visions of torture and death.
Others remember happy dreams with loved ones.
But some don’t remember anything at all about their coma.
They remember riding their bike, getting hit by a car and then all of a sudden, they’re
lying in a hospital bed six months later.
I hope they get some free jello out of it at least.
Some people say they could hear conversations happening around them when they were in their
coma and there’s actually science to back that up!
Researchers found that comatose people can hear and that hearing loved ones voices even
increases neural activity
and speeds recovery!
Another study found that some comatose patients can feel pain, even if they don’t respond to it!
So being in a coma that was the result of a serious injury could be super painful.
And you couldn’t even ask for more pain meds!
It’s hard to know for sure if someone in a coma will wake up
but something commonly used by doctors to monitor a patient's status is the Glasgow
Coma Scale.
A higher score on this scale means that someone could be more likely to recover.
Some people even wake up from their comas fully functional!
But others don’t.
It’s not uncommon for a person to wake up from a coma with serious physical or mental
disabilities, like amnesia.
And some people never wake up at all.
A coma can progress into a persistent vegetative state or even locked-in syndrome,
when a person is aware of themselves and their surroundings but cannot speak or move.
So have you or anyone you've known woken up from a coma?
what was the experience like?
If you're comfortable with sharing, let us know in the comment section below.
If you enjoyed this video then you're definitely gonna wanna check out this video
on what would happen if you never left your bed.
the sores usually occur in areas like your tailbone, hips, and shoulder blades
and be warned, they're not pretty.
Not even with a bit of coral blue lipstick
also you'll start to get weaker
My name is Blocko.
This has been Life Noggin!
Don't forget to Keep On Thinking!
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

如果人永遠醒不來會怎樣? (What Would Happen If You Never Woke Up?)

9504 分類 收藏
Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 9 月 28 日    Julie Lan 翻譯    Evangeline 審核

影片簡介

展開內容
昏迷到底是什麼樣子的呢?人在昏迷時可以感覺到周遭的事物嗎?每個人在昏迷時的經驗和感受各不相同,為什麼呢?人的大腦是主要導致昏迷的因素,可能由不同的原因導致大腦損傷最後昏迷。讓我們一起看看這部影片,了解昏迷到底是什麼樣的吧!

1unconsciousness0:17
unconsciousness 是「無意識;失去知覺」的意思,作名詞用。
When he woke up from the coma, he didn’t know how long his unconsciousness had lasted.
當他從昏迷中清醒,他不知道自己無意識的狀態持續了多久。


另外,我們經常說的「潛意識的」則是 unconscious,作形容詞使用。
She didn’t even notice her unconscious desire to impress that boy, but everyone else did.
她沒察覺到自己潛意識想讓那男孩留下印象,但其他人都注意到了。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】麻醉藥是怎麼作用的? (How does anesthesia work? - Steven Zheng)


2dictate0:43
dictate 是「命令;支配」的意思,作動詞用。
When people have the power to dictate the actions of others, they become greedy and arrogant.
當人們有權利支配他人時,他們變得貪婪又自大。


另外,我們常講到的「暴君;獨裁者」則是 dictator,作名詞用。
Hitler was a notorious dictator of Nazi Germany who killed millions of Jews.
希特勒是納粹德國惡名昭彰的獨裁者,他殺了數百萬名猶太人。


3recall1:23
recall 為「回想;回憶」的意思,作動詞用。
My mother couldn’t recall the process of giving birth to me because she was in too much pain.
我母親無法回想起生我的過程,因爲她當時太痛苦了。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】五隻手指的進化 (TED : Five Fingers of Evolution - Paul Andersen)


4back up1:47
back up 為「支持;證實」的意思,作動詞用。
We need to find some scientific evidence to back up our arguments.
我們需要找一些科學證據來支持我們的論述。


另外,backup 則有「備份;候補」的意思,可作形容詞或名詞用,而若是寫成 back up 則是同樣意思,只是作為動詞使用。
名詞:
She always makes a backup of all the documents, so she never has to worry about losing important documents.
她總是備份所有的文件,所以她從不需要擔心找不到重要的文件。


形容詞:
Harvey always has a backup plan.
哈維總是有個備用方案。


5painful2:03
painful 是「疼痛的;痛苦的」的意思,做形容詞用。
It must be so painful that you can only see your children once a year.
一年只能看見你的孩子一次必定很痛苦吧?


*同場加映:
【TED】Sarah Kay:如果我有個女兒 (If I should have a daughter ... | Sarah Kay)


昏迷真的是十分可怕的事,並沒有一定的時間醒來,也可能就這麼一直沉睡下去。希望大家都能一直好好的!

文 / Priscilla Huang

影片學習單字重點

loading
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔