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  • In this American English pronunciation video, you're going to come on vacation with me and

  • my family, where we play games, water ski, and go to the beach. We'll also study some

  • American English pronunciation by taking a look at various reductions, and linking consonant

  • to vowel.

  • This is my uncle Frank >> Hey!

  • Uncle Frank brings his boat every year so that we can try skiing.

  • Did you notice the reductions of the word 'that' and 'can'? These two function words will often

  • reduce. 'That' becomes thut, with either a flap or a stop T, depending on the next sound.

  • And 'can', when not the main verb in the sentence, becomes kn, kn. So that we can. So that we

  • can. So that we can try skiing. 'Try' and 'skiing', the two content words in this sentence,

  • are clearly much longer than 'so that we can'. [3x] These four function words are low in

  • pitch and very fast. Listen again.

  • So that we can try skiing. [3x] Sure appreciate that uncle Frank.

  • >> Well, I'm glad to bring it. Glad to bring it. Here, Frank reduced the

  • word 'to' to the flap T and the schwa sound: de de, de, glad de, Glad to bring it. Listen again.

  • >> Well, I'm glad to bring it. [3x] This boat is 17 years old, and I was beginning to wonder

  • earlier in the week if I was going to bring it back again.

  • Here Frank reduced the phrase 'going to' to 'gonna'. A very common reduction in American

  • English. If I was going to bring it back, gonna, gonna. If I was going to bring it back.

  • Listen again.

  • >> I was beginning to wonder earlier in the week if I was going to bring it back again, [3x]

  • but it seems like people are still kind of interested in skiing, so.

  • >> We love it.

  • Love it. Did you hear how I connected the V sound to the word it? One of the easiest

  • ways to link in American English pronunciation, is the case when one word ends in a consonant

  • and the next word begins with a vowel or diphthong. You can practice the connection between words

  • by putting the ending consonant on the next word: vit, vit, vit, love it, love it, love it.

  • This will help to eliminate gaps between words. In American English, we want to link

  • all the words in one thought group. Listen again.

  • >> We love it. [3x] >> We'll see if it'll go a couple more years.

  • >> Yep. I hope it does.

  • >> So Jace, you going to go skiing today? Another 'gonna'.

  • >> You going to go skiing today? [3x]

  • >> Yeah, I am. >> Have you been before?

  • >> No. >> This is the first year.

  • >> Yup. >> Are you nervous?

  • >> Mmm, a little. Yeah. >> It might take a couple tries, so don't

  • be discouraged if it doesn't happen right away.

  • Right away. Did you notice how I linked the ending T of 'right' to the beginning vowel

  • sound of 'away'. This means that the T comes between two vowels, so it becomes a flap T,

  • or, a D sound. So, 'right away' sounds just like 'ride away'. Listen again.

  • >> If it doesn't happen right away. [3x] >> Ok, ok, ok. Ok.

  • >> Meg, are you going to try skiing? Another 'gonna'. Also notice, I've reduced

  • the word 'are' to er, er, er. Listen again.

  • >> Meg, are you going to try skiing? [3x] >> I don't think so. I tried it when I was

  • ten, and I was traumatized because I felt, and it hurt.

  • >> Oh, yeah. >> So, I think I'm just going to stick to

  • a bystander. >> Haley, have you skiied before?

  • >> I've done sit skiing before, when I was, like, six.

  • >> Wait, yeah, what is that?

  • What is. Just like with 'right away', we're connecting the ending T in 'what' to the beginning

  • vowel of the word 'is'. So the T turns into a flap T, or D sound. What is, what is. Listen again.

  • >> What is that? [3x] >> It's got the skis

  • >> Yeah? >> And there's a chair in the middle and you

  • just sit. >> Really?

  • >> Yeah. >> I've never even heard of that.

  • Heard of. Another linking consonant to vowel heard of, heard of. Notice that I am reducing

  • the word 'of' to the schwa-V sound: uv, uv, duv, duv, heard of.

  • >> I've never even heard of that. [3x] >> I haven't either.

  • >> I've done it.

  • Done it. Another great example of linking ending consonant to beginning vowel. Done

  • it, done it.

  • >> I've done it. [3x] So, I'm nervous to do this. >> I think you'll be just fine.

  • >> I think so too. I'm ready.

  • Here, Haley reduced the contraction 'I'm', to simply the M consonant. I'm ready. Of course,

  • with that reduction, she linked it to the next word, mmready. Listen again.

  • >> I'm ready. [3x]

  • This is my cousin Brooke. >> Brooke, how are you enjoying your vacation?

  • >> I'm having a great time on my vacation. It's a lot of fun.

  • >> What's the highlight of your vacation so far?

  • >> I think the highlight of vacation so far is spending time with you, Rachel.

  • >> Oh. That's so sweet.

  • >> Ani, did you make that necklace? >> Yeah.

  • >> Can you hold it up for me?

  • Another reduction of 'can': kn, can you, can you.

  • >> Can you hold it up for me? [3x] >> This?

  • >> Yeah. It's really pretty.

  • It's really pretty. A reduction of 'it's' to the TS sound. It's really, it's really.

  • >> It's really pretty. [3x] >> Where'd you make that?

  • >> At the craft shop. >> The craft shop? Let me see?

  • Have you ever heard someone say 'lemme'? I've dropped the T in 'let', and connected it to

  • 'me'. Let me, let me, let me see that.

  • >> Let me see? [3x] >> What's it say?

  • >> Giggle. Giggle. >> Giggle? Oh, it does say giggle. That's

  • a hard word. It has those gg sounds, and a dark L. Giggle.

  • >> Hey Brad. >> What are you doing? Doing some advertising?

  • >> We're doing a little advertising, yeah. >> Hey, Rach, I love that shirt. Where did

  • you get that? >> Well, I made it.

  • Made it. Linking ending consonant to beginning vowel. Made it.

  • >> Well, I made it. [3x] >> Oh, now, what is this?

  • >> It says 'I love English' in the International Phonetic Alphabet.

  • >> Oh my gosh, that's so great. Where can I get one?

  • >> Actually, you can get one right here. >> RachelsEnglish.com!

  • >> Yeah, do you want to be on my website, Brad?

  • Wanna. Here, I use the 'wanna' reduction for 'want to'. Do you wanna.

  • >> Yeah, do you want to be on my website, Brad? [3x] >> Kinda.

  • Kinda. Here, Brad reduced 'kind of' to kinda. So the word 'of' is pronounced with just the

  • schwa, no consonant sound. Kinda.

  • >> Kinda. [3x] >> Ok! This is my cousin Brad.

  • >> Hi! >> Brad, B-R-A-D, it has the 'aa' as in 'bat'

  • vowel. And remember, cousin: spelled with an S, pronounced, zz, like a Z.

  • Now, it's game time. Here, we'll all tell the score keeper if we made our bet or not.

  • Made it. Listen for how we all link those two words together, made it, no gap.

  • >> K, who made it? >> I made it.

  • >> Roberta. >> I made it.

  • >> Rachel. >> I made it.

  • >> Made it.

  • >> Made it. >> Yes, I also made it.

  • >> Uncle Dale, did you make that fire? >> I helped with it, yeah.

  • >> It's a nice-looking fire. >> Well thanks.

  • >> Hey everybody, this is my uncle Dale. He lives in Texas.

  • >> Houston, Texas.

  • I hope that even with just these few snippets of conversation, you've learned a bit about

  • linking consonant to vowel and reductions. They're an important part to the smoothness

  • and the rhythm of American English. And as you can see, they're used all the time in

  • conversation. Special thanks to my family for letting me video tape our vacation, and

  • if you didn't get enough, don't worry. We're all getting together again at Christmas.

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

In this American English pronunciation video, you're going to come on vacation with me and

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B1 中級 美國腔

暑假。美式英語的發音 (Summer Vacation: American English pronunciation)

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    王振翰 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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