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I’m Carl Azuz for CNN 10, your daily down-
the-middle explanation of world events.

We’re starting with news concerning Saudi

Significant changes are being made in the
Middle Eastern country.

This is an absolute monarchy.
Its crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, was
appointed by his father, King Salman, two

years ago.
And since then, the
nation has gone through what one CNN reporter
describes a top to bottom overhaul.

We reported in late September how the government
had decided to allow women to drive.

Saudi Arabia was the last nation on earth
where that was

illegal, but it’s also what experts call
one of the most religiously conservative Islamic

countries, and there were some Saudis who

with the decision.
Crown Prince bin Salman has promised to destroy
what he called extremist ideologies and work

to return Saudi Arabia to a, quote, more moderate
He’s trying to reshape Saudi Arabia’s
economy, reducing its dependence on oil sales.

The nation is leading in international group
to fight terrorism.

It’s executed dozens of people on terrorism

It’s playing a major role
in the civil war of neighboring Yemen, with
Saudi Arabia leading international airstrikes,

targeting rebels who were supported by Iran

trying to take control of Yemen.
And over the weekend, more than 17 Saudi princes
and top government officials were arrested

on corruption charges.
This includes people who’ve
been described as some of the wealthiest figures
in the Arab world.

Regarding all of this, experts and observers
have been using words like shocking, historic

and even revolutionary.
And globally, Saudi Arabia’s
changes have been met with criticism, as well
as praise, and caution, as well as trust.

SUBTITLE: The One Thing: Saudi Arabia’s

One thing you need to know about what is going

on in Saudi Arabia is the phase of change
is fast and

The person driving these changes, Saudi Crown
Prince Mohammed bin Salman, a 32-year-old

who rose to power just two years ago.
He’s the man calling all the shots and his
latest moves inside and outside the country

show that he means business.
Take this for example.
Earlier this year, he said in an interview,
he won’t tolerate corruption at any level

by anyone.
Now, a newly formed
anti-corruption squad has gone after a high
number of high profile princes and businessmen,

sending a clear signal of the prince’s intent.
His critics say the crown prince is just making
a power play and removing potential rivals

before he ascends the throne.
But to his supporters, it’s
all part of his plan to transform the kingdom.
And that same zeal for action can be seen
in Saudi foreign policy, with a much more

posture towards its arch rival Iran, in places
like Yemen and Lebanon.

An active new leadership upending traditions,
we have ended a new era and no matter what,

the results will be dramatic.
AZUZ: It wasn’t a presidential election.
That’s was last year, and the next ones
in 2020.

It wasn’t a congressional midterm election.
Those are
every two years and the next one is 2018.
But it was the Tuesday after the first Monday
in November, and that means Americans across

the country went to the polls.
They were voting in state
and local elections, from Washington to Georgia.
A lot of the attention was centered on the
governor’s races in New Jersey and Virginia.

Because at recent decades, the political party

loses the presidential election usually wins
the next year’s gubernatorial races in those

two states.
So, last year, a Republican won the presidency,
so Democratic candidates were expected to

be chosen as governors in New Jersey and Virginia,

the race in Virginia had tightened up, according
to polls before the vote.

You can get results on the races at CNN.com.
Both major parties will be scrutinizing the
outcomes of yesterday’s votes to help form

strategies for next year’s congressional
midterm elections.

AZUZ (voice-over): Ten-second trivia:
Which of these world capitals has the largest

Washington, D.C., London, U.K., Beijing, China,
or New Delhi, India?

With more than 25.7 million residents, according
to the CIA, New Delhi is the most populated

capital on this list.
AZUZ: And it’s one of the most polluted.
In fact, an Indian doctor says air quality
conditions in New Delhi right now are so bad

that breathing
there is like smoking 50 cigarettes a day.
The Indian medical association has declared
a state of medical emergency.

It’s asked the government to take urgent
action to cancel an upcoming

Some officials have been asked to consider
shutting schools, extreme air pollution in

New Delhi is nothing new.
Fires, traffic, dust,
industries, they all contribute.
But right now, there’s not much wind to
blow pollutants away.

And according to the British Broadcasting
Corporation, Delhi’s problem is worst in

winter because farmers in nearby areas burn
crops double at that

That adds to the haze hanging over the capital.
Some air quality instruments can’t even
measure the spikes in pollution.

They’re literally
off the scale.
The government is trying to address this by
regulating traffic.

But even that may not be enough.
This is worst than bad.

Not the traffic, actually, there’s less
about the normal.

It’s the air.
To help clear it, Delhi’s government says
these steps are necessary.

A temporary ban giving odd numbered cars off
the road on even days, and even

numbered cars off the road on odd days, an
attempt to target a toxic problem, pollution.

(on camera): When you walk through the streets
of Delhi, you can’t help but see it, of

course, and smell it.
But the most disturbing part is you
can actually taste it in your mouth, if you’re
not used to being here, you can feel it burning

in your throat.
In fact, the city’s highest court
recently said that living in Delhi was like
living in a gas chamber.

So, those are the conditions that some 20
million people face every single day.

There are 9 million registered cars on the
streets of Delhi, 1400 more cars come on the

roads each day.
So, while cars are only part of the problem,
every driver is being asked to be part of
the solution, and the reason people who are

out here to remind you.
(voice-over): Following the rules, (INAUDIBLE)
takes a walk, followed by a ride on rickshaw.

Then there’s a 30-minute train ride, followed
by a rush

through throngs of commuters and another rickshaw
ride -- all that to get to work.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: That’s like one hour
and 15 minutes to reach office.

FIELD: So, is this working?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Without taking emergency
action, pollution levels would have been much

And so, what this scheme has done is to play
a role to moderate the high pollution levels.
FIELD: Clearly, cars are part of the city’s
pollution problem because of their numbers,

because of congestion, because of toxic emissions.
But the
odd-even rule doesn’t cut Delhi’s pollution
in half.

There are a lot of exceptions, public vehicles,
high ranking officials, motorcycles and women

traveling alone.
It’s just a temporary measure, just one
of a number of attempts to fight pollution,

including a ban on large diesel SUVs and
higher taxes on commercial trucks coming into
the city.

(on camera): When it comes to a long-term
solution, odd-even exchange wouldn’t be

enough to move the needle?
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: No, absolutely not.
FIELD: There is a consequences that too many
other factors contribute to the city’s pollution,

and the more practical matter on everyone’s

Delhi’s public transit system couldn’t
handle it.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So, for the first time,
I think people in Delhi are talking about

public transport and I think that’s the
pressure that needs

to be built on government for the systemic

FIELD: That would be the giant leap.
Activists hope it starts with these smaller

AZUZ: Over the weekend, I had the chance to
see autumn paint the great Smokey Mountains

bright yellow, orange and red.
It’s a typical sight this
time of year in the U.S. state of Tennessee,
but not for everyone.

One man who’s color blind says this looks
like all one color to him.

The Tennessee Department of Tourism changed

It installed new viewfinders at scenic places
that allow people with color blindness to

the vivid changes and color.
It was a first for several visitors to spot
over Gatlinburg, including a man who described

as simply awesome and said
he now understands why people come up here.
For the trees, of course, the changes are

But all things being equinox, it’s often
worth the harvestment to take leap of a city

and season
your life with a beauty that’s easy to fall

I’m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.


CNN 10 | November 9, 2017 | Daily Listening (CNN 10 | November 9, 2017 | Daily Listening)

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