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  • You're only a day away from Friday and you're 10 minutes away from being up to speed on

    離週五的到來只剩一天,接下來你只要花上 10 分鐘就可以讓你趕上

  • current events.

    最新的新聞消息

  • I`m Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz

  • This is CNN 10.

    這裡是 CNN 10

  • We're starting with an unusual election in Alabama and its effect on the U.S. Senate.

    首先來看的是阿拉巴馬州不如既往的選舉結果以及這對美國參議院的影響

  • On Tuesday, a vote was held in the southern state.

    本週二,南方展開的選舉

  • It was to

    目的是為了

  • fill a vacancy in the Senate that was left when Alabama Senator Jeff Sessions was appointed

    填補參議院的席位,因阿拉巴馬參議員傑夫·塞申斯 (Jeff Sessions) 被指派

  • to the job of U.S. attorney general earlier this

    擔任美國司法部長的職務

  • year.

    在年初的時候

  • Mr. Sessions is a Republican.

    塞申斯是共和黨黨員

  • In fact, everyone from Alabama who`s won a U.S. Senate seat since 1992 was a Republican

    事實上,自 1992 年起,贏得阿拉巴馬州眾議院席位的都是共和黨

  • until Tuesday.

    一直到這週二

  • That's when a

    出現了一位

  • Democratic candidate named Doug Jones defeated a Republican candidate named Roy Moore to

    民主黨候選人道格·瓊斯 (Doug Jones) 勝過共和黨候選人羅伊·摩爾 (Roy Moore)

  • win the seat.

    並取得席位

  • Though as of last night, Mr. Moore hadn't

    雖然直到昨晚,摩爾尚未

  • conceded.

    承認敗選

  • He hadn't officially accepted a loss.

    沒有正式地接受失敗

  • The election was close.

    這場選舉已經結束

  • With 99 percent of ballot counted, Mr. Jones had won 49.9 percent of the vote.

    在 99% 的投票中,瓊斯贏得其中 49.9% 的票數

  • Mr. Moore had won 48.4 percent.

    摩爾則取得其中 48.4% 的得票

  • The race wasn't just unusual because a Democrat won in a state that usually votes Republican.

    這場選舉結果不尋常,不只是因為民主黨在一個共和黨通常擁有較高得票率的州得勝

  • Moore, a former supreme court chief justice for the

    摩爾,前阿拉巴馬州最高法院審判長

  • state of Alabama is one of the politicians who`s been named in a series of recent sexual

    遭到近來一連串

  • harassment accusations made across America.

    性遭擾事件的控告

  • Judge Moore was

    前法官摩爾

  • accused of behaving inappropriately in the past toward women who were underaged.

    遭未成年女性指控有不當性騷擾行為

  • The candidate repeatedly denied all the allegations, and

    摩爾陣營否認所有相關指控,並對

  • questioned the timing and details about them.

    這一連串事件發生的時間點以及細節提出質疑

  • But despite that and an endorsement that Moore received relatively late in the race from

    儘管摩爾在選舉的最後關頭得到

  • Republican U.S. President Donald Trump, Jones emerged

    共和黨總統川普的背書,但瓊斯最後仍然

  • victorious on Tuesday night.

    成功於本周二晚間取勝

  • The former federal prosecutor said he was overwhelmed by the victory and that his campaign

    這位前聯邦檢察官說他對這場勝選感到受寵若驚,他的競選活動

  • had been about making

    一直致力於確保

  • sure that everyone in Alabama is going to get a fair shake in life.

    每個阿拉巴馬州的居民都能得到公平待遇

  • Senator-elect Jones will serve out the remainder of former Senator Jeff Sessions' term, but

    參議員瓊斯將會接替前任參議員傑夫·塞申斯完成剩餘的任期,但是

  • it won't begin immediately.

    並不會馬上開始

  • Take a look at these numbers.

    仔細看看這些席位數

  • These are the ones that really matter.

    這個區塊的席次是最為重要的

  • Republicans came in to this election with 52

    在美國眾議院的下轄下

  • seats under their control in the U.S. Senate.

    共和黨在這次選舉前有 52 席

  • Democrats and their allies had 48 and the new numbers will be 51 and 49.

    而民主黨及他們的盟友則為 48 席,選舉後的結果則變為 51 比 49

  • It may not look like much, but that is a world of difference.

    這看起來可能沒有太大差別,但其實這裡頭有很大的不同

  • That`s why President Trump so wanted Roy Moore to win and not Doug Jones, because with

    這就是為何總統川普這麼希望羅伊·摩爾得勝,而非道格·瓊斯,因為

  • that one shift of the vote, it becomes significantly harder for the Republicans to pass any of

    這一席的變動,將會讓共和黨很難去

  • his legislation on border control, budgets,

    通過任何關於邊境控制、預算

  • entitlement.

    權利的法案

  • In fact, if you even talk about this giant tax reform package they're working on, if

    事實上,如果你提到的是近來如火如荼在推行的最大稅制改革,如果

  • Doug Jones is seated before the final vote on this, a single

    道格·瓊斯在表決前坐上席位,1 名

  • Republican defection could burn it to the ground.

    共和黨員的失敗可能就因此造成這個法案的一敗塗地

  • So, what are the odds of that happening?

    所以發生這件事實在是出乎意料

  • Well, we have to look at the calendar.

    我們來仔細看一下日程表

  • The secretary of state of Alabama has to certify the vote result before Jones can take the

    阿拉巴馬州秘書長必須證實投票結果,瓊斯才能

  • oath.

    宣誓就職

  • That will

    這件事將

  • probably happen down here, around 27th, 28th, 29th, which means Jones probably get sworn

    可能發生在這段時間,約在 27、28、29 號之間,這代表瓊斯可能在

  • in early next year, January.

    今年年初,也就是 1 月任職

  • But what are the Republicans are trying to do is get this tax plan fully approved, finished

    共和黨目前嘗試進行的是,讓這個稅改法案全力通過

  • by the 22nd.

    在 22 號以前

  • So, if nothing else changes and Democrats

    所以如果一切不變的話,民主黨

  • can do nothing to speed up this calendar, they have no power over that, the two will

    就不用去加速整個流程,他們沒有權力去掌握這件事,這兩個時點

  • not come together in all likelihood, and Doug Jones will not be

    也不會有碰在一起的機會,道格·瓊斯也就無法

  • able to derail the Republicans' last big stab at some kind of big legislation this year,

    讓共和黨今年的重大法案有任何脫軌進行的機會

  • before the numbers change and maybe the whole

    在席位更動或者整個

  • equation changes with it.

    均衡改變之前

  • Ten-second trivia:

    十秒問答時間:

  • What are Ether, Dash and Monero?

    什麼是 Ether、 Dash 和 Monero ?

  • Are they all Pokemon, cryptocurrencies, ThunderCats or investment banks?

    他們全是寶可夢、加密貨幣、霹靂貓或投資銀行?

  • These are examples of three cryptocurrencies, the type of digital money like bitcoin.

    這三個都是加密貨幣,是像比特幣一樣的數位金錢

  • Bitcoin is the most famous of them.

    比特幣是其中最有名的一種

  • The currency was created in 2009.

    比特幣在 2009 年出現

  • It's not issued by any central bank or tied to any particular

    不由任何央行所發行,或屬於任何一個特定

  • country.

    國家

  • Bitcoin can be saved or used to buy merchandise anonymously, and the price has soared recently.

    比特幣能夠儲蓄或不記名購買商品,最近它的價值也不斷飆漲

  • The value of a single bitcoin is currently more than

    一枚比特幣的價值目前超過

  • $17,000.

    17,000 美金

  • But getting one is the tricky part.

    但是如何取得是比較棘手的部分

  • You can just buy the currency online, but bitcoin units are generated through a process

    你可以直接在網路上購買,但比特幣單位是由一種

  • called mining, when computers solve complex math puzzle

    稱作挖礦的過程產生的,透過電腦解決複雜的數學遊戲

  • to create them.

    才能創造出比特幣

  • Given their value and the increasing number of computers trying to solve those puzzles,

    賦予它們價值並增加電腦數量去解出這些拼圖

  • this takes a tremendous amount of computing

    這需要花費大量的計算

  • power and electricity.

    能力和電力

  • One place that just may be perfect for a bitcoin mining computer warehouse is an island nation

    有一個絕佳之處,用來比特幣挖礦的電腦廠房,就坐落在一個島嶼國家

  • between Norway and Greenland.

    界於挪威和格陵蘭之間

  • It's called the land of fire and ice.

    被稱為「冰與火的國度」

  • Ancient Iceland is now the home to an extremely modern

    古老的冰島現今已成為極度現代

  • endeavor, mining for bitcoins.

    致力於比特幣挖礦的故鄉

  • At this bitcoin farm near Reykjavik, noisy computers run 24/7, hoping to solve the mathematical puzzles

    在這座鄰近雷克雅維克 (冰島首都) 的比特幣倉庫,吵雜的電腦聲響全年無休地運行,希望能解開

  • that create the virtual

    創造出虛擬

  • money.

    貨幣的比特幣謎題

  • Those who succeed are rewarded with bitcoins.

    成功者得到的報酬便是比特幣

  • What is all of this?

    這些是什麼?

  • So all of these are our mining rigs, we call them, we have standard hardware on optimizing

    這些是挖礦機,我們這樣幫它們命名,這有一套標準硬體優化

  • the design for bitcoin mining.

    設計來做比特幣挖礦

  • It takes this number of computers to stand a realistic chance of mining bitcoins and

    這一大堆電腦設備代表的是換取到比特幣的機會以及

  • winning the Blockchain battle.

    贏得區塊鏈戰爭的機會

  • Since January, bitcoin's value soared some 450 percent.

    自 1 月起,比特幣的價值提升了 450 個百分點

  • So, with returns like these, you can put up with a bit of noise.

    有著這種規模的報酬,這樣的噪音應該是你可以忍受的

  • Why is it so noisy?

    為什麼會這麼吵?

  • It's the fans at the top.

    這是在頂端的風扇

  • These fans are strong fans.

    這些風扇是強力風扇

  • They take out a lot of air.

    用來抽出大量的空氣

  • There is one overriding reason why these bitcoin mines are here in Iceland, plentiful, cheap

    為何比特幣要選在冰島進行挖礦,一個最主要的原因是它大量的、便宜的

  • electricity, the country abounds with geo-thermal

    電力,並充斥著地熱

  • energy.

    能源

  • The whole set up in Iceland is perfect for cooling all these machines.

    冰島上的條件完全有助於冷卻這些機器

  • Ordinary air from outside is just drawn in, wafted through the computers,

    一般外來的空氣被灌入,吹送過這些電腦

  • and then heated up and sucked back outside.

    升溫後又被抽到外頭

  • Some call bitcoin, the biggest financial bubble the world has ever seen.

    有些人稱比特幣為史上最大的金融泡沫

  • Those who run this bitcoin farm see it more a part of a thrilling future.

    經營比特幣礦場的這些人則視其為令人振奮的未來

  • There's several rival cryptocurrencies coming up which are competing for market share in

    許多敵對的加密貨幣大量湧出,試圖在這塊大餅上

  • the space.

    競爭市占率

  • And many of them offer similar

    其中許多有相似的

  • features, but I think bitcoin has most of the benefits that all cryptocurrencies have

    特性,但我認為比特幣是所有加密貨幣裡面賺取最多利潤的一個

  • and it's going to be the largest player for a time to

    未來將擁有最多的玩家,指日可待

  • come.

  • Iceland is a volatile, unforgiving landscape, perhaps perfect for bitcoins, it makes this

    冰島的地形使居住起來不穩定 (火山可能會噴發) 且艱難,也或許是比特幣的完美之處,它使得這個

  • country a fitting location to mine digital gold.

    國家成為挖掘數位黃金的合適地點

  • Another noteworthy event of the digital age, the struggle of the American shopping mall.

    另一個在數位時代中,值得注意的事件是美國購物中心的困境

  • There are currently 1,100 of these in the U.S.

    美國目前共有 1,100 座購物中心

  • But experts are predicting that around 300 of them will close over the next five years,

    但專家們預估在未來五年約 300 間將關門大吉

  • when larger stores like Macy's, JCPenney or Sears closed and

    當這些大型商店,如 Macy's, JCPenney 或 Sears 關門,和

  • dozens have.

    其他數十間大型商店也會關門

  • The smaller stores around them often follow.

    周遭的小型店家也會漸漸跟著關門

  • There's still hope for many malls, but the landscape is changing.

    對許多購物中心來說仍有希望,但是這樣的光景也正在改變

  • The American mall was once the go-to destination for many shoppers looking for bargains and

    美國購物中心曾經是許多買家尋找折扣時的目的地

  • suburban teenagers

    對許多住在郊區的青少年而言

  • looking to have a place to hang out.

    則是閒逛的地方

  • But the rise of Amazon and changing trends and fashion have turned some malls into modern

    但是亞馬遜的崛起以及時尚的變化趨勢已經讓一些購物中心變成現代的

  • day ghost towns.

    空無一人的鬼城

  • Once popular chains like Wet Seal, Aeropostale and Pacific Sunwear had filed for bankruptcy.

    曾經受歡迎的連鎖店像是 Wet Seal, Aeropostale 和 Pacific Sunwear 已宣告破產

  • Other larger retailers like Sears, Kmart, JCPenney,

    其他大型的零售商像是 Sears, Kmart, JCPenney,

  • Macy`s 和 Kohl`s 都被迫面臨關閉

    Macy's 和 Kohl's 都被迫面臨關閉

  • Several of these chains have announced layoffs as well.

    許多店家也紛紛宣布裁員

  • Amazon is a big problem for all these companies.

    亞馬遜的存在對這些公司來說是個大問題

  • The king of e-commerce now sells just about everything.

    這個電子商業巨頭現在販賣各種種類的東西

  • It is even starting its own line of

    甚至還開始有了自家服飾的

  • clothing.

    生產線

  • And Amazon is also opening up more and more of its own brick and mortar stores.

    亞馬遜也開始開立更多的實體店面

  • Gap and Abercrombie and Fitch once red hot brands for younger shoppers are struggling

    像 Gap, Abercrombie 和 Fitch 這些極受年輕人歡迎的熱門品牌也掙扎

  • to stay relevant too.

    與之並進

  • This has hurt urban malls particularly

    這對位於城市的購物中心尤為

  • hard, with big shopping centers in Cleveland, Detroit, and other cities closing in recent

    艱難,位在克里夫蘭、底特律和其他大城市的大型購物中心已在近些年

  • years.

    紛紛倒閉

  • But all hope is not like, you know, lost for shopping malls just yet.

    但是還沒有失去所有對購物中心的希望

  • Many malls, particularly in more affluent suburbs are adding popular retailers

    許多購物中心,尤其是在富裕的郊區,增加了許多熱門的零售品牌

  • like Apple and fast fashion retail kings H&M, Zara and Uniqlo as new tenants.

    像是 Apple,以及快速時尚零售店像是 H&M, Zara 和 Uniqlo 都成了新的租戶

  • So, the mall may not be dead just yet.

    所以購物中心可能不會立即消失

  • When the snow starts a-fallen, you'd probably seen toddlers riding on sleds with their parents.

    當雪花開始飄落,你可能會見到孩童們跟著他們的父母駕著雪橇

  • This is one girl who started snowboarding

    畫面中是一位女孩在用單板滑雪

  • solo before she reached her first birthday.

    獨自完成,在她迎接第一個生日之前

  • Now, if she looks natural and unafraid, she's been in training.

    她看起來很自然而且不懼怕,她已經受訓一陣子了

  • Her parents bought her a tiny snowboard

    她的父母買給她一塊小型的滑雪板

  • when she was a baby and they taught her how to stand on it while pulling her around the

    當她還是個嬰兒時,他們教導她該如何站立在板子上,同時間拉著她環繞整個

  • living room.

    客廳

  • This is her first time snowboarding on actual bunny slope.

    這是她第一次在真正的初學者滑雪道上滑雪

  • But if she looks more relaxed on her first outing than most of us, it's because she's

    她看起來比大部分的我們還要輕鬆,這是因為她

  • at practice, baby.

    練習過了,各位

  • She probably thought it was pretty cool, bet she babbled about it for days, sure she wants

    她可能也會覺得這樣很酷,然後用模模糊糊的聲音唸個幾天,當然她也想要

  • to carve out time to crawl back

    花時間爬回去

  • to the slopes.

    那些坡道上

  • She's got an edge, and if she decides to become a mogul of the snowggle, it's gonna be

    她的確有些優勢,而且如果她決定成為雪場上的大人物的話,這將很

  • hard to pacifier.

    令人震驚

  • CNN 10 is back tomorrow.

    CNN 10 明天再與你相見

You're only a day away from Friday and you're 10 minutes away from being up to speed on

離週五的到來只剩一天,接下來你只要花上 10 分鐘就可以讓你趕上

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔

Dec. 14, 2017 - CNN 10

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