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This episode is supported by Skillshare.
Campfires need wood to release heat, cars need petroleum to move,
and you need food to fuel every aspect of your life.
So what would happen to your body, right now,
if you suddenly stopped eating food?
To understand what happens without food,
we first need to understand what happens when you eat.
It starts with the sun, who's energy is harvested by photosynthesis and plants
We then consume that stored chemical energy,
either directly from eating plants like a tomato
or by eating an animal like chicken that has eaten a plant like grains
If we take a hamburger as an example
you absorb fats from the lipid-filled sauces,
proteins from the beef patty, and
carbohydrates from the starchy bun.
And it's your digestive system using processes like chewing, gastric acid, and enzymes
to break the food into small enough molecules that you can then absorb into your bloodstream.
Any excess glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as glycogen
while some are converted into fats.
you can visually see some of the fat stores in the pudgier parts of your body.
There are around 37 trillion cells in your body and you start to really
harvest the energy from your food in the mitochondria of your cells.
This is where glucose and fats have been broken down into Acetyl CoA
and now go through the citric acid cycle
where they're modified continuously to release tons of energy carrying molecules.
The energy from these molecules are then used to pump protons
into a layer of the mitochondria that becomes so dense with protons
they need to diffuse back into the less busy space
and do so by going through a protein called ATP synthase.
As a result ATP is created, the most important energy source in your body.
You use around 10 to the [power of] 25 molecules of ATP everyday.
When this ATP is hydrolyzed to ADP in your body,
the bond breaks releasing energy for things like electrons forming bonds
and essentially creating all aspects of your ability to live.
If you stopped consuming food, within 6 hours your body will be breaking down glycogen into glucose
and fat into acetyl CoA to keep your biological processes at work.
And this is quite normal, but after 72 hours,
your body will need to start breaking down protein in order to synthesize glucose from amino acids
otherwise your brain will starve.
This is because fats used for energy can't cross the blood-brain barrier
With no vitamins and minerals being consumed, people might start to get sick within a week.
After several weeks of starvation, fat stores become depleted,
and all that is left for energy is proteins.
At this point essential proteins for survival, like antibodies used to fight infection
or muscle proteins used for strength, are now being used to make glucose.
And this loss of protein leads to severe illnesses.
Death can come as short as 3 weeks to 70 days,
commonly from a heart attack due to the tissue degradation of the heart, diaphragm, and body.
A factor in how long you live is how hydrated you stay
and also how many fat stores you had to begin with.
Although it's pretty amazing to think that if you did stop eating today
you could potentially live for another 70 days,
but please, don't try this at home.
If you love learning about food then you should definitely check out Skillshare
who supported this video and is giving away a two month free trial
to the first one thousand of our followers that sign up.
Skillshare is an online community for creators
with more than 17,000 classes in design, photography, and even cooking and culinary courses.
Everyone can take a class, try a project, and even teach a class themselves
with premium membership as low as $10 a month for unlimited access.
just head to the link in the description, even on their mobile app
And subscribe for more weekly science videos every Thursday.
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如果你停止進食? (What If You Stopped Eating Food?)

9717 分類 收藏
Sih Jing 發佈於 2018 年 3 月 13 日   Sih Jing 翻譯   林恩立 審核

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斷食一直以來都是件備受矚目及爭議的事,不過大家有想過進行斷食時身體會有什麼變化嗎?一起來看看影片吧!

1fuel0:07
fuel 在影片中當動詞使用,有「 對……供給燃料、給……加油」的意思,影片中的 "fuel every aspect of your life" 是指給你的生命提供所需的燃料,也就是提供能量。 fuel up 是指「加油、加燃料」。
Our heating system is fuelled by gas.
我們的暖氣系統是使用瓦斯當燃料。

We fueled up our car before leaving for the road trip.
在出發公路旅行前,我們把車子的油加滿。


*同場加映:
咖啡:最難解的癮 Coffee: The Greatest Addiction Ever


2absorb0:32
absorb 為動詞,有「吸收、理解、吸引」的意思,影片中的 absorb 皆為「吸收」的意思。而 absorb + in 也有「使全神貫注」的意思。
The sponge absorbs water and dishwashing detergent.
海綿吸收了水分和洗碗精。

He is competely absorbed in the book.
他全神貫注地在讀這本書。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】顏色是什麼? (What is color? - Colm Kelleher)


3convert0:51
除了常用的 change、transform 等等的單字有「改變」的意思,convert 也有相類似的意思,convert 在影片中當動詞使用有「轉換、轉變」的意思,convert + to/ into 有「改變、轉變成...」。另外 convert 也有「皈依、改變信仰」之意思。
They converted their attic into a small bedroom.
他們將閣樓改造成一個小房間。

He converted to Buddhism.
他皈依佛教。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】蟲蟲如何幫地球減少垃圾?! (Vermicomposting: How worms can reduce our waste - Matthew Ross)


4barrier2:09
barrier 當名詞,有「障礙、阻礙」之意思,我們在路上看到的防撞護欄即為 crash barrier,除了 barrier, obstacle 也有「障礙」的意思。
The police put up barriers to control the crowd at the big event.
警察設置障礙物來控管人群。

Her parents’ opinion is the greatest obstacle to her marriage.
他父母的意見是她婚姻的最大的障礙。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】為什麼要擦防曬乳? (Why do we have to wear sunscreen? - Kevin P. Boyd)


5deplete2:15
deplete 當動詞有「用盡、耗盡」的意思,通常會使用在消耗能源、養分或資源。
If we continue to deplete the earth's natural resources, we will cause serious damage to the environment.
如果我們繼續消耗地球上的自然資源,將對環境造成嚴重的破壞

Playing games on a cellphone quickly depletes its battery.
用手機玩遊戲很耗電。


想嘗試斷食的人一定先評估自己的身體狀況哦!!

文/ HsiangLanLee

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