中級 英國腔 17280 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
A fundamental belief of the modern world, which explains a lot of our anxiety around failure,
is that we are what we earn. When we say this, we mean something very particular:
not just that it’s nice to have a lot of money but that our income is the source of information,
crucial, decisive information, about our character, our intelligence, our moral fiber.
In short, money is the key indicator of our worth in human and not just financial terms.
The more money we make, the more we deserve to exist. By extension, it feels impossible
to imagine ourselves as good, decent – and still poor. But can all this really be true? Must
we hate and deem ourselves despicable beings because our salary is not elevated? For an
answer, we must look to economics and in particular, to the technical way that salary is determined. Here
we find something striking: wages are not decided by the extent of someone’s human
worth or social contribution per se. Wages are simply the result of the intensity with
which certain people want a job done relative to the number of people who happen to be able to do it.
If many people can complete a task, however humanly important it might be,
holding a hand on a cancer ward for example, little money will be offered for it. And if there are very few
people able to do it, however trivial it might be (kicking a ball 60 metres into a goal),
if there’s intense demand, salaries will be elevated. Money is in fact no accurate
measure of the human worth of the work in question; the determinant of wages is just
the strength of demand in relation to supply. We may not be able easily to change how much
people earn, but we can change how we judge earnings. This isn’t an issue of politics;
it’s an issue of appreciation. We can change how we assess what a modest wage means. We
can use our imaginations to remember and hold in mind all that is not quantified in a salary
– in our lives and in those of others; all the degrees of intelligence, care, dedication,
empathy and creativity that may be present, undetected by the blunt aggregated marker
of a wage. However tempting it might be to settle the question of the value of human beings
in stark financial terms, the truth remains beautifully and redemptively more complicated
as we must realise as soon as we’ve spent some time around a person at work and
got to know what sides of their character their labours will call on through an average day.
We’ll then have no option but to reach a dauntingly complex conclusion: we are not what we earn.
We publish new, thought provoking, films every week.
Be sure to subscribe to our channel and take a look at more of what we have to offer
at the link on your screen now.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

賺多少錢,能定義我們多有價值嗎? (You Are Not What You Earn)

17280 分類 收藏
韓澐 發佈於 2018 年 10 月 8 日

影片簡介

展開內容
隨著經濟成長,人均所得的增加,一個人的價值逐漸定義在個人薪資所得上。有錢、有房、有車甚至成為一位成功人士所需的必要條件。然而,並不是每件事所獲得的價值都能以金錢來決定,內心富足、對社會良善的一群也同樣該被歸類為成功的人,一起來看看影片的解釋!

1decisive0:21
這個形容詞意思是「果斷的、明確的;決定性的」,相反詞是 indecisive。相似詞有 conclusive、definitive, conclusive 是在爭論中提出某個結論性的理由或證據可使用這個字,而 definitive 所指的決定性的程度通常是永久的、不可改的。
Weather was a decisive factor in deciding where the music concert should be held.
天氣是決定音樂會要在哪裡舉辦的決定性因素。


*同場加映:
核能源是如何運作的?(Nuclear Energy Explained:How does it work? ⅓)


2trivial1:36
trivial 是「微不足道的、沒有價值的;容易解決的;淺薄的」。一款常識問答桌遊叫 Trivial Pursuit 追根究柢或翻為「平凡的」追求。「冷知識或瑣事」的英文為 trivia,在古羅馬中指的是「三叉路」,因為三叉路隨處可見便引伸為「司空見慣的場所」,後來轉變成「無價值的事情」。
Although memorizing vocabulary may sometimes feel trivial, but it's an essential part of language learning.
背單字或許很瑣碎,卻是語言學習的必要部分。


*同場加映:
【健康減肥】符合科學的減肥秘訣,教你減肥的同時又能保持健康(Scientific Weight Loss Tips)


3assess2:09
這個字為及物動詞,意思是「對……進行估價;確定 (稅、罰款、賠償金等) 的金額;對 (某人、財產等) 徵稅」。assess 更早的意思是「坐」,在中世紀的拉丁文指的是「坐在法官身邊協助判決」,因此「坐」與「判決」便產生關連。常混淆的字是 access,意思是「接近、存取」。
Money is not the only means of assessing a person's value.
金錢不是評估個人價值的唯一方式。


*同場加映:
【職場的進擊】知己知彼,面試準備從分析開始!(Prepare Job Interview from Analyze the Company)


4blunt2:30
blunt 當形容詞意思是「鈍的、不鋒利的;(頭腦,感覺等) 遲鈍的;直率的、生硬的」。當及物動詞是使鈍、減弱」。當形容人「腦筋遲鈍」也可說「 slow on the uptake」,insensitive 則是「不敏感的、(感覺上) 遲鈍的」。另外,常搞混單字有 blush「 臉紅」、blurt (out) 「脫口而出」。
The carpenter sawed the wood with a blunt knife.
那位木匠用鈍的刀子鋸木頭。


*同場加映:
青少年對「進擊的巨人」的反應 (TEENS REACT TO ATTACK ON TITAN)


5stark2:38
這個單字有很多意思,當形容詞有「簡單的;明顯的;粗陋的;嚴重的;完全的」等義,當副詞有「完全地;突出地」之義。在美國詩人 Emily Dickinson 的一首詩中 《Much Madness is divinest Sense 不少痴癫,是真知灼見》有一句話: Much Sense - the starkest Madness ,就譯為「不少高見,是『全然的』痴顛」。
The stark reality is that the city is running out of water.
殘酷的事實是這個城市的水資源正在減少。

The painter tends to use combinations of colours such us black and white to create stark contrasts.
那位畫家傾向使用像是黑與白的顏色結合來製造對比。


*同場加映:
【TED-Ed】龍捲風是如何形成的? (How do tornadoes form? - James Spann)


那些凡事以金錢衡量的外在收入的確很大程度上影響我們的社會地位,但個人所擁有的氣質、對事情的情緒商數程度,或是對所愛的事物抱持的熱忱才是能獲得幸福感的軟性價值。薪水不高沒什麼關係,只要是你認為有價值的事都值得付出!

文 / Emily Chen

影片學習單字重點

loading
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔