中級 美國腔 327 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Hey there!
Welcome to Life Noggin!
A lot of people talk about autism, but not everyone understands what it is.
Autism Spectrum Disorder, or ASD, affects how people communicate with and relate to others.
This isn’t the same as being shy or not knowing what to say.
Most people with autism don’t understand some of the basic social conventions that others take for granted.
They might have trouble making eye contact, holding a conversation, or recognizing gestures.
And over one-third of people with ASD are nonverbal, meaning they don’t use speech.
Many have a sensitivity to bright light or loud noises, and others have physical problems,
like trouble walking or picking up small objects.
Some have intellectual disabilities, but about half have average or above average IQs.
It’s also common for people with autism to have a great long-term memory
for certain details, and many excel in math, science, music, or art.
With such a wide variety of symptoms, no two people with ASD are alike.
The behaviors vary so much that they used to be classified as different disorders.
One was Asperger Syndrome, where people obsess over particular topics, miss nonverbal social cues,
and may not understand appropriate social behavior.
In 2013, scientists realized that the boundary between Asperger Syndrome and some of the other disorders was fuzzy,
so they decided to put them all under one name.
This made it easier to diagnose autism, which is important.
The younger someone is diagnosed, the earlier they can get help.
In fact, many children who have autism will show signs by two years old,
including not responding to their name, avoiding eye contact, and flapping their hands or rocking repeatedly.
Even though there’s no cure for ASD, therapy and medication can help people adjust.
Scientists are also doing clinical trials to find other solutions.
They’ve learned that 1 out of every 68 of children in the US has the disorder,
but they still aren’t sure what causes it.
Autism is over four times more common in boys than girls, and most scientists think genes play a role because it often runs in families.
Some people with ASD have abnormal chromosomes, but this can’t be the whole story.
There are people with the same gene changes who don’t have autism.
Other possible causes include having older parents, being exposed to high levels of testosterone in the womb,
and having complications during pregnancy or birth.
It may even have something to do with gut bacteria, since many autistic people have gastrointestinal issues.
But most likely, it’s a combination of many factors.
The one thing scientists know for sure is that vaccines do NOT cause autism.
No matter why it happens, ASD is being diagnosed at a higher rate every year.
This doesn’t mean it’s becoming more common.
It just means more people are aware of the condition and getting diagnosed early.
And awareness is crucial.
The more we learn about autism, the more we can understand and relate to those who have it.
This will help people with ASD adapt and grow in our communities.
It’s important to note that people with ASD deserve the same respect, fairness and chances that people without ASD receive.
Do you know someone with autism?
Let us know in the comments below.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

自閉症知多少? (How Much Do You REALLY Know About Autism?)

327 分類 收藏
PC home 發佈於 2017 年 8 月 9 日    yining 翻譯    Evangeline 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔