初級 11605 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
You might have heard that we're running out of fresh water.
This might sound strange to you because,
if you live in a place where water flows freely
from the tap or shower at any time,
it sure doesn't seem like a big deal.
It's just there, right?
Wrong!
The only obvious thing about fresh water
is how much we need it.
Because it's essential to life,
we need to think about it carefully.
Right now, at this very moment, some people,
women and girls in particular,
walk hours and miles per day to get fresh water,
and even then, it may not be clean.
Every 15 seconds, a child dies due to water-born diseases.
This is tragic!
The most compelling reasons to think about fresh water,
therefore, have to do with what we might call
the global common good.
This is not something we normally think about,
but it means recognizing how much fresh water matters
for the flourishing of human and non-human life on Earth
now and in the future.
How do we think about something
as local as our faucets
and as global as fresh water?
Is there a connection between them?
Many people assume that fresh water shortages
are due to individual wastefulness:
running the water while you brush your teeth, for example,
or taking really long showers.
Most of us assume, therefore,
that water shortages can be fixed
by improving our personal habits:
taking shorter showers
or turning off the water while we brush our teeth.
But, global fresh water scarcity
neither starts nor ends in your shower.
Globally, domestic use of fresh water
accounts for only 8% of consumption,
8%!!
Compare that to the 70% that goes to agriculture
and the 22% that goes to industrial uses.
Now, hold up - you're not off the hook!
Individual habits are still part of the puzzle.
You should still cultivate water virtue in your daily life,
turn off the tap when you brush your teeth.
But still, it's true.
Taking shorter showers won't solve global problems,
which is too bad.
It would be much more straightforward and easier
if virtuous, individual actions could do the trick.
You'd just stand there for 30 seconds less,
and you'd be done with that irksome,
planet-saving task for the day.
Well, that's not so much the case.
Agricultural and industrial patterns of water use
need serious attention.
How do our societies value water?
Distribute it?
Subsidize its use in agriculture?
Incentivize its consumption or pollution?
These are all questions that stem from
how we think about fresh water's value.
Is it an economic commodity?
A human right?
A public good?
Nobel prize winners,
global water justice activists,
transnational institutions like the United Nations,
and even the Catholic Church
are at work on the issue.
But, it's tricky, too,
because the business of water
became very profitable in the 20th century.
And profit is not the same thing as the common good.
We need to figure out
how to value fresh water as a public good,
something that's vital for human and non-human life,
now and in the future.
Now that's a virtuous, collective task
that goes far beyond your shower.
    您必須登入才有此功能
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

【TED-Ed】珍貴的水資源: 認識我們所面臨的問題 - Fresh water scarcity: An introduction to the problem - Christiana Z. Peppard

11605 分類 收藏
VoiceTube 發佈於 2013 年 7 月 18 日
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔