B1 中級 澳洲腔 332 分類 收藏
civil engineering is a professional
engineering discipline that deals with
the design construction and maintenance
of the physical and naturally built
environment including works like roads
bridges canals dams and buildings and
other facilities that are used in our
daily life civil engineering takes place
in the public sector from municipal
through to national governments and in
the private sector from individual
homeowners through to international
companies civil engineering is
progressing at a fast pace as our other
technologies civil engineering has been
an aspect of life since the beginnings
of human existence the earliest
practices of civil engineering may have
commenced between 4000 and 2000 BC in
ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia that is
ancient Iraq when humans started to
abandon a nomadic existence thus causing
a need for the construction of shelter
during this time transportation became
increasingly important leading to the
development of the will and sailing the
first self-proclaimed
civil engineer was John Smeaton who
constructed the Eddystone lighthouse
civil engineering has a significant role
in the life of every human being though
may not truly sense its importance in
our daily routine the function of civil
engineering commences with the start of
the day when we take a shower since the
water is delivered through a water
supply system including a well designed
network of pipes water treatment plant
and other numerous associated services
the network of roads on which we drive
while proceeding to school or work the
huge structural bridges we come across
and the tall buildings where we work all
have been designed and constructed by
civil engineers even the benefits of
electricity we use are available to us
through the contribution of civil
engineers who constructed the towers for
the transmission lines in fact no sphere
of life may be identified that does not
include the contribution of civil
engineering thus the importance of civil
engineering may be determined according
to its usefulness in our daily life
civil engineers have various job
specialization options you may choose
among various
disciplines depending on your personal
the main disciplines are structural
engineering structural engineering
involves the design of structures that
should be saved for the users be
economical and accomplish the desired
functions it includes steel structures
buildings tunnels highways dams and
bridges construction engineering
construction engineering involves
planning and execution transportation of
materials site development based on
hydraulic environmental structural and
geotechnical engineering transportation
engineering transportation engineering
is concerned with moving people and
goods efficiently safely and in a manner
conducive to a vibrant community this
involves specifying designing
constructing and maintaining
transportation infrastructure which
includes streets canals highways rail
systems airports ports and mass transit
geotechnical engineering geotechnical
engineering deals with soils rocks
foundations of buildings and bridges
highways sewers and underground water
systems Water Resources engineering
Water Resources engineering concerns
with management of quantity and quality
of water in the underground and
above-ground water resources such as
rivers lakes and streams environmental
engineering environmental engineering is
related to the science of waste
management of all types purification of
water cleaning of contaminated areas
reduction of pollution and industrial
ecology coastal engineering coastal
engineering concerns specific demands
posed by constructing at or near the
coast as well as the development of the
coast itself earthquake engineering
earthquake engineering involves
designing structures to withstand
hazardous earthquake exposures
earthquake engineering is a
sub-discipline of structural engineering
apart from all these sub disciplines
there are many others two perks of being
civil engineer civil engineering is an
exciting profession because at the end
of the day you can see the results of
your work whether this is a completed
bridge a high-rise building a subway
station or a hydroelectric dam civil
engineering graduates can rest assured
that the demand for their expertise is
constant and even growing because of the
steady increase in civil engineering
jobs in the infrastructure and
construction industry in particular
civil engineering is not just a stable
job but a rapidly expanding one as well
the truth is as long as there are
structures and facilities that need to
be built or constructed there will
always be a demand for civil engineers
according to statistics released by the
US Department of Labor employment of
civil engineers is projected to grow
twenty percent up to 2022 faster than
the average for all occupations as
infrastructure continues to age civil
engineers will be needed to manage
projects to rebuild bridges repair roads
and upgrade levels and dams


土木 (What is Civil Engineering and what civil engineers do ?)

332 分類 收藏
poon 發佈於 2017 年 7 月 19 日
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