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  • Hi! Brian Dempsey here, and I just wanted to make a quick video to

    嗨!我是Brian Dempsey,我想做個簡短的影片

  • address a couple things that came up in a discussion on Facebook

    來闡述幾個在臉書上討論到的議題

  • about reading and becoming a better reader.

    也就是如何閱讀以及成為一個更好的閱讀者

  • And so as we kinda went through this thread

    且我們要透過這個網路影片

  • online, we were sharing some tips and ideas

    分享一些關於如何精進我們閱讀理解能力

  • about how to improve our reading comprehension,

    的心法和小撇步

  • and so I thought I would share a few things that I do

    所以我想我會分享一些我認為

  • and maybe this will be a help to you.

    能夠幫助你們達到這點的事情

  • Number one when you read a book, and by the way we will

    第一點是,你在讀一本書時,順帶一提,我們會

  • title this video 10 tips to improve your reading comprehension,

    把這部影片的標題取為「增進閱讀理解力的十個撇步」,

  • and so number one is from

    而第一個撇步來自

  • Benjamin Franklin himself and what he said was never read a book

    班傑明・富蘭克林,他曾說他唸書時

  • without a pen in hand and so hmm... well, I actually take that to heart.

    絕對會有一支筆在旁邊,所以...我其實已經銘記在心

  • I hardly walk to a mailbox without having a book

    我每次去我的郵箱收信時都會帶一本書

  • and a pen, and so hmm... if you have a pen in your hand,

    和一支筆,所以...如果你不論

  • no matter what you're reading you have the opportunity to

    在讀什麼書都帶著一支筆的話,就有機會

  • underline, highlight...personally I like to

    把書中重點畫下來...我個人喜歡

  • scribble, circle, argue with the author. If you read in the

    劃線、圈畫,與作者對話。你若有看我讀過的書中

  • in columns in my book, sometimes I write, well that's a great point

    其中的一段,我有時會在裡面寫:「這點很讚!」

  • or you're a blooming idiot or whatever. But I

    或者「你超白癡的」或之類的。但我

  • I really interact with the author

    在書中寫些評語時,

  • as I write in book. And some people I know it makes your skin crawl

    我真的彷彿跟作者有互動。我知道對某些人來說光是想到寫一本書

  • to just think other writing a book, but if you want to improve your reading

    就令人不敢領教,但你若想要增強你的閱讀

  • comprehension,

    理解力,

  • the very first thing that I would do is take Benjamin Franklin's advice

    首先我會採用班傑明・富蘭克林的建議

  • and never read a book without a pen in your hand.

    也就是看任何一本書時手邊一定要有隻筆

  • Another thing when we talk about reading comprehension, uh, number two,

    第二件我們要討論到關於閱讀理解的事情

  • is read a whole paragraph

    是在你閱讀整個篇幅後

  • or a whole section before you

    或者整段文章之後

  • go to highlight or underline something.

    再去畫重點或者是在文句下畫底線

  • I know sometimes I kinda get ahead of myself and l'll be reading through a book

    我知道有時候我會一口氣把書看完

  • and most of the kinds of books that I read are not...

    而大部分我念的書

  • they're not novels and nonfiction books, and so

    都不是小說類或者虛構的故事

  • their their little bit more uh... technical

    所以它們有一點...偏技術性

  • or oreinted for study, so uh...

    或者是偏向研究類型的書籍,所以...

  • so sometimes we will begin reading and the very first line that you see that's

    有時候我們開始閱讀,看到第一句覺得有趣的句子

  • interesting, you want to highlight that,

    就急忙地把它用螢光筆標記下來

  • and what I found is if you read the entire paragraph first,

    而我發現你如果先把整段文章讀完

  • a lot of times there may be a summary statement or there may be

    通常最後都會有段落總結或是

  • uh a little better information for you to highlight

    更值得你去掌握的重點訊息,你再去畫重點

  • down in the paragraph, rather than just uh breaking up your train of thought.

    就不會因此打斷你的思考

  • Uh...so you may want to read a whole section first

    呃...所以你可能會想要先讀完整段文章

  • and then go back and find what you want to highlight, and I think that'll help

    然後再回去找你覺得是重點的地方去標記,我認為

  • with the some reading comprehension.

    這樣會幫助增進你的閱讀理解力

  • Another thing that I do

    還有我會做

  • uh... in fact I do it a lot is I read out loud.

    呃...實際上我經常這麼做,我會大聲朗讀

  • And, hmm, if you read out loud, you will read more slowly

    你若以大聲朗讀方式閱讀,就會比你默讀時還要放慢閱讀速度

  • than if you read silently, but there are times

    但有時候

  • where uh... by reading out loud by reading with inflection,

    大聲朗讀或者有抑揚頓挫地朗讀

  • you were able to have more senses engaged in what you're reading, so

    可以對於所讀之文章更有感受和連結

  • you're not just saying it, but you're also

    你就不只是草草略讀過,而是

  • hearing what you're reading, and that simply helps with

    一邊聽見你所朗讀的文章,這樣也可以輕鬆地幫助

  • reading comprehension as well. And by the way, I read a study

    你增加閱讀理解力。順帶一提,我今天剛剛讀過一篇

  • just today about I reading out loud,

    關於「大聲朗讀」的研究報告

  • and the study gave some great insights. One of the things that it mentioned was uh...

    而這篇報告給了許多不錯的洞見。報告中提到其中之一就是

  • if people read a list, you know, like a list of

    如果我們去閱讀一個清單,像是

  • items, and one of those

    物品清單,且其中的一個

  • items was different than the rest, maybe there was a list of 10 things and

    物品和其他物品不同,假設是有 10 樣物品的清單好了

  • it was ten kinds of birds and one or nine kinds of birds

    像是 10 種鳥類和一個不同的東西,或者是 9 種鳥類

  • and one was a sport, people would tend to remember the sport

    和一種運動,我們就會比較容易記住那項運動是什麼

  • and they would forget the other nine, and so

    而忘卻其他的九種鳥類

  • what it shows is those things that stand out, those things that are somehow

    這顯示了群體中特別顯眼的那個、不一樣的那個

  • different, tend to make up more than impression

    比較容易被我們的大腦所記住

  • in our brain, so a lot of times what I'll do is if I'm reading

    所以大部分閱讀的時候如果

  • and I come across the paragraph that, you know, is just a really solid, something I really

    我讀到一篇好文章,我真的很想記住它的內容的

  • wanna get,

    那種文章

  • I'll stop, and I'll read that out loud out, and it really helps to set it apart

    我會暫時停下來,大聲把那段念出來,這真的對在我腦中加深印象很有幫助

  • in my thinking, so there are times where you can read out loud.

    所以有時你可以大聲朗讀

  • So, never read a book or yeah never read a book without a pen in your hand,

    所以,閱讀時手上一定要有隻筆,

  • read a whole paragraph per section before you go through and highlight or

    在你要畫重點或標記重點前

  • underline

    先把整段文章讀完,

  • at times read out loud, and then also

    並且有時大聲朗讀、有時參雜

  • uh... read silently. You know if we're gonna read out loud sometimes, sometimes we wanna read

    默讀。有時我們想要大聲朗讀,有時卻想要

  • silently.

    默讀

  • And I would encourage you: if you do this when we're talking about reading

    而且當我們在討論閱讀理解力時,我會鼓勵

  • comprehension

    你這麼做:

  • read with a pencil read with a pen and simply

    閱讀時拿支筆或原子筆

  • check, you know, as you see something that stands out or you see something interesting

    就在你覺得比較特別或有趣的地方

  • simple put a little check in the margin, and that way you can keep reading.

    簡單打個勾或做個小記號,就繼續往下讀

  • This gives you the big picture a book, and then you can go back through

    這樣一來你就對整本書有個概觀印象,並且在你回頭讀的時候

  • and look in and pay attention later to some other things that you

    可以找到並且更深入地去看那些

  • you checked but uh... that will help improve your

    你打勾做記號的地方,這會幫助增進你的

  • comprehension. This next one, I think is, uh, something a lot of people just don't do.

    理解力。下個是,我認為是大多數人不會做的

  • And when you're, you're reading to study, when you're reading and it's something

    而當你,當你為了研究而讀書時,有某件事情

  • that you really want to comprehend, its not just enjoyment,

    你真的很想要理解,而不僅是為了娛樂而讀時

  • uh...something that I do, uh... often, in fact it probably makes me look pretty

    事實上我常常做的一件事情是...事實上這會讓我看起來

  • silly for

    會讓你看起來蠻蠢的

  • somebody looking in my office or maybe I'm driving down the

    尤其如果有人朝我的辦公室裡看,或是我正在開車

  • the road, but if I read something, I'll

    但我如果正在閱讀某個東西

  • stop at the end of the paragraph or at the end of the section

    我會在某個段落或章節的最後停下來

  • and I'll think through it in my mind.

    並且我會在腦中想過一遍

  • And sometimes I leave it talk through it out loud, as if I'm explaining

    而某些時候我會大聲講出來,好像我在解釋

  • what I've read to someone. Umm, if you can formulate your thinking enough to be

    給某個人我剛唸了些什麼。你如果可以把你的思緒公式化到

  • able to communicate that

    可以跟別人溝通的程度

  • to someone else, then it's just gonna

    就能夠增加

  • increase your comprehension. And if you do that throughout the book,

    你自己的理解力。你如果在閱讀整本書時都這樣做

  • if you do that throughout your, um, study,

    如果你用這種方式去做研究

  • its... its going to help us significant.. significantly.

    這將會有非常顯著的幫助

  • So, um... so, never read a book without a pen in your hand, read the whole paragraph first,

    所以,唸書隨時準備一支筆、唸完整段文章後再畫重點、

  • at times read out loud, other time read silently, and simply check things that

    有時大聲朗讀,有時默讀、並且在重點處

  • are important,

    做的小記號、

  • explain what you read.

    解釋你所閱讀的內容

  • And then, um, this comes from a chapter in a book that I'm going to recommend here in just a

    而接下來這點是從我等等要推薦你的一本書中

  • moment, but...

    擷取出來的,但...

  • learn to X-ray a book. When we're talking about reading comprehension,

    學會如何快速掃視一本書。當我們談到閱讀理解力

  • recognize that it's okay not to read

    要認清一點,沒有把整本書

  • the entire book. Uh, in fact there are lots of books that I buy,

    從頭至尾念完也不要緊,事實上有許多書我買來

  • that I skim through the table of contents, I look at the things that

    只快速瀏覽了目錄之後,挑幾個

  • are going to be important to me, especially if it's a compilation,

    重點來看,特別是針對那些彙整資訊的書籍

  • and I pick and choose the the sections of the book that I'm going to read,

    然後我就選取那些章節來閱讀

  • and it took me awhile to not feel guilty about not reading the whole book

    我花了點時間才不會因為沒有看完整本書

  • and only reading parts of it, but by doing that, by being more selective,

    只看其中一部分而感到愧疚,但是有選擇性地去看某些章節

  • I was able to benefit much more

    讓我比硬嗑完整本書

  • then if I simply labored through

    看了一大堆

  • some things that presented information that at the time I just

    我並不感興趣的資訊

  • wasn't interested in.

    要來的受益更多

  • So learn to pay attention to the table of contents

    所以要學會從目錄中

  • and really pick out the areas that you want to

    挑選出自己想要

  • read. Also something that I tend to do

    看的部分。並且我傾向把注意力放在

  • is pay attention to summary

    總結語上

  • words, and summary words are things like, um,

    總結語就像是

  • "therefore" or "as a result" or "in conclusion,"

    「因此」、「結果是」、「結論是」

  • and make sure that when you see that,

    確保當你看到那些字眼的時候

  • you were able, in your mind, to know what his argument was, what the author's

    你在作者做出總結之前

  • argument was before he got to a summary,

    就能夠想到作者的論點

  • because if you see a summary word and you don't understand the previous argument,

    因為你若看見了總結用的字眼而你不知道前面陳述的論點,

  • then you're not really comprehending that, so I usually mark

    你就沒辦法真正地理解,所以我通常會

  • those kinda summary word. I'll underlined noun

    把那些像是總結的字眼作記號,我會在底下畫線

  • and I'll go back and make sure that I know what the points are

    之後回去再看那些論點,確保我知道哪些是

  • that are leading up to the author's conclusion.

    作者可能會導引到結論的重點

  • And sometimes we find that, you know, he's made some kind a logical fallacy,

    有時我們會發現作者有些邏輯上的謬誤

  • and really the points that he's brought forth can lead to other conclusions or

    而他提出的這些觀點可能會引出不同的結論,或者

  • maybe it's simply not

    這些論點僅僅並非

  • conclusiveAlso

    具結論性的。另外

  • something that I would encourage you to do is

    我會鼓勵妳去做的就是

  • use highlighters or circle and underline

    用螢光筆去圈選或畫出

  • key phrases in a book. I'll tell you I do that

    書中的重點字會。我就是這麼做的

  • Here's an example of a book that I read just this past week,

    這本書是我這禮拜剛讀過的

  • and you can see that, boy, I highlight

    你可以看見我畫的重點

  • and then you know I was reading and this particular book is on pluralism.

    然後你就能知道我在讀的這本書是有關多元主義

  • And so right here's the word tolerance,

    所以這邊這個字是「包容」

  • and then I will underline the key phrases or the key words

    而我會在一個句子中的關鍵詞彙或者一些關鍵字下

  • within a sentence, and that really helps to

    畫底線,而那樣做真的

  • to stand out, and it also helps when I highlight and I underline,

    有助於讓重點凸顯出來,而如果我畫重點或是底線

  • when I finish a book before I simply put it down to move on to the next thing

    在看完一本書、並進行下一件事之前

  • I typically pick it back up and go page for page and just

    我通常會再拿起來翻一翻

  • look back through it and I will read what I've highlighted.

    並且看我畫的重點部分

  • I just don't understand folks personally who can read a book

    我不是很了解那些可以看書

  • and they don't mark in it, they don't write in it, and

    不去畫重點、做記號和寫字的人

  • then you know maybe the one key thought, or maybe one thing that really stood out,

    也許某個重要想法或某個突出的重點

  • it's simply lost in their two or three or four hundred-page book,

    就會在一本有二、三、四百頁的書中被遺漏掉

  • and they can't open it up and go back and find that,

    之後他們也不能再輕易回去找到那些重點

  • and so I would encourage you to use highlighter and a pen.

    所以我會推薦你使用螢光筆和一支筆

  • Also,

    並且

  • when it comes to reading comprehension, mark words

    當談到閱讀理解力時,在你不懂的字下

  • that you don't know. This is something that is

    做記號。這麼做

  • is going to help increase your vocabulary. I recently read

    可以幫助增加你的單字量。我最近念

  • just an absolutely outstanding book called "The Professor

    一本很棒的書叫做「教授和

  • and The Madman," and if you can see the subtitle,

    瘋子」,而你如果有看到子標題的話

  • here the subtitle is "A tale of murder,

    這裡寫:「 一個關於謀殺、瘋狂、

  • insanity, and the making of the Oxford English Dictionary,"

    以及編纂牛津字典的故事」

  • so it is a book about the making

    這是本關於

  • up the dictionary, so I wasn't too surprised

    字典編撰的書,所以當一開始

  • when there were 35 or 40 words

    的幾個章節中

  • in the first, you know, how many chapters of this book that I didn't know,

    有 35 至 40 個我不懂的生字時,我並沒有很驚訝

  • but I went through and circle every single solitary word I didn't know,

    但我閱讀並圈起每個我不懂的生字

  • and when I was done, because this is not on the Kindle

    而當我看完後,因為這不是在 Kindle 上

  • I simply went to dictionary.com and

    我就到 dictionary.com 花了點

  • spend a little bit of time and looked up some of these words and have added a

    時間查找這些生字並且

  • couple of 'em

    加了幾個

  • to my vocabulary. A few of these or a little archaic

    進到我的辭彙庫裡。這裡面有些字已經有點過時

  • but anyway, fantastic thing to do, circle words

    但總之,把不懂的字圈起來

  • that you don't know. Finally, the last

    還是件很棒的事。最後,最後一個小撇步

  • is read this book

    是去讀這本

  • "How to Read a Book," and, uh, by Mortimer Adler

    叫做 「 How to Read a Book 」 的書,由 Mortimer Adler

  • and Charles Van Doren, absolutely outstanding.

    和 Charles Van Doren 寫的,非常棒的作品

  • And one of the things that this does

    這本書其中的一個好處是

  • is it helps you to

    它讓你

  • be able to read multiple works and compare them.

    能夠閱讀多種不同性質的書籍,並且有能力去比較它們

  • It has the tip about X-raying a book

    它有提到透析一本書的秘訣、

  • and kinda understanding the author’s purpose and goal, and

    瞭解作者的寫作目的和目標的方法、並

  • being able to evaluate a book to see it's something that

    讓你能夠去評估一本書裡是否有你想要

  • you want to read to begin with. So,

    去閱讀的內容,所以

  • let's just review those ten tips real quick, 'cause I didn't number them throughout.

    我們來快速複習一下這十個撇步,因為我並沒有將它們編號

  • Number one, never read a book without a pen in your hand.

    第一個是唸書時手邊一定要有隻筆

  • Number two, read a whole paragraph

    第二個是在閱讀完整段文章

  • before you go through and highlight or

    之後再畫重點

  • underline anything, and that way you get the bigger context, and

    或底線,這樣一來你就能夠對整段文章有更深的了解

  • sometimes can find the conclusions. At times when you need to

    有時候甚至可以找到作者結論。你有時需要

  • read out loud, you read more slowly, but it will help you to remember that as you

    大聲朗誦,雖然會讀得比較慢,但當你利用你的感官時

  • engage your senses.

    可以加深你對內容的記憶

  • Also, read silently, and as you read silently,

    有時也要默讀,而當你默讀時

  • simply use a pencil and just check

    就拿著一支鉛筆並在

  • key paragraph, so you want to go back and read later. Explain

    重要段落處做記號,以便你之後想要回去再讀一次。解釋你所

  • what you read. Learn to X-ray a book and realize you don't have to

    閱讀的內容。學會如何透析一本書,並且了解到你不一定要

  • read every single chapter.

    把書中每個章節都念完

  • Pay attention to summary words: therefore, as a result

    注意結語,像是「因此」、「結果是」、

  • in conclusion. Circle and underlined key

    「結論是」這種詞彙。將句子或段落中

  • words and phrases in a sentence or in a paragraph.

    關鍵詞彙圈起和劃底線,

  • Mark words that you don't know and look them up.

    把不懂的字會做記號,並且查閱字典

  • Again, if you have a (Kindle), just double click and it pops up the dictionary, there.

    再次提醒,如果你有 ( Kindle ) ,就點擊那個字兩次,旁邊就會跳出字典解釋

  • And then finally, read "How to Read a Book". I hope these tips are helpful to you

    而最後就是閱讀 「 How to Read a Book 」 這本書。希望這些撇步對你有幫助

  • and happy reading.

    閱讀愉快

Hi! Brian Dempsey here, and I just wanted to make a quick video to

嗨!我是Brian Dempsey,我想做個簡短的影片

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 多益 閱讀 重點 記號 大聲 文章

提高閱讀理解的10個秘訣 (10 Tips to Improve Your Reading Comprehension)

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    Tim 發佈於 2017 年 05 月 24 日
影片單字