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  • In December 2016, President-elect Donald Trump shocked journalists and public officials by

  • taking a phone call from Taiwan’s President.

  • No President or President-elect has spoken to a leader from Taiwan in nearly 40 years.

  • According to Trump’s transition team, the exchange was light-hearted and congratulatory,

  • however many have speculated that the exchange could be the start of a new chapter in US-Taiwan

  • relations.

  • So what is the significance of this phone call?

  • And where do the US and Taiwan stand today?

  • Well, the US and Taiwan don’t actually have an official relationship.

  • The US does not support or even recognize Taiwan’s independence, and instead honors

  • China’s sovereignty over the island under its One China policy.

  • Because the governments of Taiwan and China both claim the same territory, foreign states

  • cannot recognize both.

  • Under the One China policy, any country that wants to secure diplomatic relations with

  • China must recognize its claim on Taiwan.

  • Nearly every country has done so, as China is the world’s second largest economy and

  • has a huge influence on world trade.

  • In fact, Taiwan is only officially recognized by 22 countries, none of which are world powers.

  • The US did once recognize Taiwan, but switched its allegiance to China at the height of the

  • Cold War, as China joined the US, Japan and other Western powers in a united front against

  • the Soviet Union.

  • In 1979, the US and China established formal relations, under which the US agreed to recognize

  • Taiwan as part of China.

  • However soon after, the US establishedunofficial relations with the people of Taiwan”.

  • This unique arrangement allowed the US to protect and assist Taiwan, which it sees as

  • a geopolitical ally.

  • Today, their unofficial alliance is mostly predicated on trade, travel and friendly interpersonal

  • relations.

  • The US is Taiwan’s second largest trading partner, with more than $80 billion dollars

  • exchanged between the two countries in 2015.

  • What’s more, under the Taiwan Relations Act, any threat to peace or stability in Taiwan

  • isof grave concern to the United Statesand the US must provide thedefense articles

  • and services necessary for Taiwan to defend itself.

  • The US has largely followed through on this promise, and has sold nearly $50 billion dollars

  • worth of military equipment to the island since 1990, despite China’s opposition.

  • The US has also encouraged Taiwan’s participation in international organizations, many of which

  • limit the island’s role, as most countries don’t recognize its statehood.

  • Both countries have de facto embassies, however Taiwan is not legally allowed to raise its

  • flag on US soil.

  • But while so-called people-to-people relations remain positive, official diplomacy is close

  • to nonexist.

  • Before Trump, no US president or president elect has spoken to a Taiwanese counterpart

  • since Jimmy Carter.

  • Public officials are not only shocked by the unprecedented phone call, but also Trump’s

  • suggestion that he may revisit the USadherence to the One China policy, unless the two countries

  • couldmake a deal”.

  • China responded by stating it wasseriously concernedover Trump’s threats to the

  • One China policy, as it is thebedrockof political ties between the two countries.

  • But politics aside, Taiwan and the US maintain robust so-calledpeople-to-peoplerelations.

  • Hundreds of thousands of Taiwanese people travel to the US every year, receiving special

  • benefits under the USVisa Waiver Program.

  • What’s more the 2010 census showed that the number of Taiwanese immigrants or descendants

  • live in the US had nearly doubled in the previous decade.

  • Multiple opinion polls suggest that Americans have a neutral to favorable impression of

  • Taiwan, compared to a neutral to unfavorable view of China.

  • Whether or not official relations change under Trump, the people of Taiwan and the United

  • States will likely remain deeply connected.

  • If you're like me and love history, science and exploration, you should check out Discover

  • Go where you can binge watch all seasons current and past of your favorite Discovery Channel

  • shows.

  • Check out the link in the description below to learn more.

  • So what exactly is at the heart of China and Taiwan’s ongoing feud?

  • Find out in this video.

  • The three links were transportation, commerce and communication.

  • In response, Taiwan implemented their "Three Noes" foreign policy with mainland China,

  • no contact, no compromise, and no negotiation.

  • Thanks for watching Seeker Daily!

  • Don’t Forget to like and subscribe for more videos every day!

In December 2016, President-elect Donald Trump shocked journalists and public officials by

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美國會不會因為臺灣問題與中國分手? (Could The U.S. Break Up With China Over Taiwan?)

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