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  • Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    大家好,我是CNN學生新聞的Carl Azuz

  • Today is December 7th, 2016, National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day in the U.S.

    今天是2016年12月7日,國際珍珠港紀念日

  • And that's what's first up.

    這就是今天的第一件要和大家分享的新聞

  • It was 75 years ago that the nation of Japan attacked the United States naval base at Hawaii's Pearl Harbor.

    75年前,日本攻擊在夏威夷珍珠港的美國基地

  • Japan, Germany and Italy, known as the Axis Powers were at war with China,

    當時的主要國家,日本、德國和義大利,正與中國、

  • Great Britain and the Soviet Union.

    大英帝國及蘇聯對抗

  • The U.S. has not yet gotten directly involved in World War II,

    雖然美國那時對於日本攻擊中國的行為予以經濟制裁

  • though it had implemented economic sanctions against Japan for its behavior toward neighboring China.

    但是美國尚未正式參與第二次世界大戰

  • The Japanese plan for Pearl Harbor, destroy the American Pacific Fleet there.

    日本計畫在珍珠港摧毀美國太平洋艦隊

  • Japan kept it a secret by continuing peace talks with the U.S. until the day of the attack.

    卻直到攻擊前,仍私底下持續和美國進行和平會談

  • The air and sea assault crippled the base and killed more than 2,400 American servicemen and civilians.

    空中與海上的攻擊摧毀了基地,且造成超過2400名美軍與平民的死傷

  • The next day, with the support of all but one member of Congress,

    隔天,在所有國會成員的支持下,

  • President Franklin Delano Roosevelt declared war on Japan.

    總統富蘭克林.羅斯福宣布對日本發動戰爭

  • December 7th, 1941, a date which will live in infamy.

    1941年12月7日,是一個惡名昭彰的日子

  • For the first time since World War II,

    自第二次世界大戰以來第一次

  • a Japanese leader is planning to visit the site of the Pearl Harbor attacks.

    日本領導人正計畫訪問珍珠港攻擊事件的現場

  • Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is scheduled to travel there with U.S. President Barack Obama after Christmas.

    日本總理安倍晉三計畫在聖誕節後與美國總統歐巴馬一起過去那裡

  • Japan's government says Mr. Abe will not apologize for the attack,

    日本政府官員表示,總理安倍晉三先生不會對此攻擊事件致歉

  • but to send a message of reconciliation between Japan and the U.S.

    但是對於日本與美國間的和解訊息表示抱歉

  • Today, on the Hawaiian island of Oahu, tourists gathered at sites like the USS Arizona Memorial,

    現今,遊客聚集在類似美國亞歷桑那紀念艦一樣的夏威夷歐胡島景點

  • positioned above an American ship that was sunk in the attack.

    正位於珍珠港攻擊事件當時美國軍艦沉船地點的上方

  • Some travel to Pearl Harbor to see and to understand. Others go to remember.

    有些遊客親臨珍珠港來目睹、來瞭解,有些則是來讓自己記得這個事件

  • Ask B.C. Wilborn the secret to living to age 95 and good health,

    美海軍退伍軍人Wilborne被問到如何活到95歲並擁有健康

  • he'll say love of a vibrant hobby like horseracing and a lot of experience and surviving.

    他說,維持他生命的動力,就像喜愛賽馬、生活經驗及生存意義

  • Do you think, I'm a war hero?

    你認為我是大戰英雄嗎?

  • No, no, gosh. You see (INAUDIBLE) that you think what you could have done or didn't do.

    不,不是的。你看到的是你認為你應該做卻沒有做的

  • The Japanese have attacked Pearl Harbor.

    日本人攻擊了珍珠港

  • Seventy-years ago, Wilborn stood aboard the USS Maryland

    70年前,日本在清晨於珍珠港開啟戰端時

  • as Japanese launched an early morning attack on Pearl Harbor.

    Wilborn正站在美國軍艦馬里蘭號的甲板上

  • Wilbon, just a 20-year-old first class petty officer in the Navy.

    他當時只是個20歲的海軍小士官

  • What did it feel like to be in the middle of that?

    遇到那種狀況是什麼感覺?

  • I didn't have no fear, I see everything is happening and they seemed like unreal.

    我並不是不害怕,每件事都在發生,但是看起來卻是那麼地不真實

  • Daughter Edie and her husband Ron. They pay a big price for us to be free.

    我的女兒Edie和女婿Ron付出了很大的代價才讓我脫離那樣的夢黶

  • How old are you here?

    您當時幾歲?

  • I was 24, 25.

    24、25歲

  • They had pictures and saw their father's Purple Heart. But Wilborn never talked about World War II

    他們有照片且看到父親的紫星勳章,但是不知道為什麼,

  • until for reasons no one can explain, a few years ago.

    Wilborn一直到幾年前,才開始提到二次大戰的事

  • Just started talking.

    就是開始說

  • Just started talking. I'm sad to say I didn't have a tape recorder to get it.

    就這樣開始提起,不停地說著

  • And he hasn't stopped talking.

    我很遺憾沒有用錄音帶錄起來

  • Wilborn sharing horrors, the men he couldn't save aboard the capsized USS Oklahoma.

    Wilborn分享了他的恐懼、他無法拯救美國奧克拉荷馬艦甲板角落的人

  • You hear the tapping on the wall and people in there I guess thinking, when we get rescued?

    你聽到牆的那頭傳來敲擊聲,裡面的人可能在想:會不會有人來救我們?

  • After about two days, maybe in third day --

    二天後,可能到第三天

  • stop. No more.

    沒聲音了,牆的那頭不再有聲音了

  • More than 400 men died on the Oklahoma.

    400多人在奧克拉荷馬艦上喪生

  • Seventy-five years later, you can still recall that sound?

    75年了,你還聽得到那個聲音?

  • Oh, gosh, yes. I thought about the saddest thing (INAUDIBLE) of the Navy because,

    喔,天啊,是的,我想到在海軍很難過的事,因為

  • I don't know, you seemed so helpless.

    我不知道,你看起來很無助

  • Unlike many survivors, Wilborn never went back to Pearl Harbor.

    Wilborn跟大多數的倖存者不一樣,他不願意回去珍珠港

  • That's changing this year, 75 years later, he's returning for the first time since that day of infamy.

    但是今年,不一樣了,75年後,他第一次回到了那個地方

  • What changed? Why did you start thinking about it?

    是什麼事情改變了你?你怎麼會開始想到這些事?

  • It's a sad day and -- I don't know, you tried to get it out of your mind and it won't go.

    那是個很悲傷的日子--我不知道,你試著要忘記,卻一直做不到

  • So, the survivor faces one last battle, of his own memories.

    所以,倖存者一直活在記憶中那最後一場戰爭中

  • Kyung Lah, CNN, Collinsville, Illinois.

    CNN的Kyung Lah在伊利諾州柯林斯維爾的報導

  • Powerful report.

    真是強而有力的報導

  • Well, up next today, we're talking about bacteria, as in eww.

    好的,接下來,我們要討論是蔓延全世界的細菌

  • The tiny single-celled organisms are involved in everything, from causing disease to fighting disease.

    這個微小的單細胞有機體無所不在,不管是造成疾病或是對抗疾病

  • They're at work when things are rotting.

    有東西腐敗時,細菌就開始上工了

  • They're at work in the process of fermentation. Could their work be harnessed to help us see in the dark,

    他們正在執行發酵的過程。細菌的這些工作是否能幫助我們,

  • bringing us a future literally lit by bacteria?

    讓我們可以利用細菌發光?

  • Paris, the city of lights. But the night comes alive, glowing gloriously as the sun sets.

    巴黎是燈城,日落後夜晚來臨,開始亮燈

  • Now, imagine this -- all these Parisian landmarks lit by an entirely different light source.

    現在想像一下--這些巴黎的路標完全藉由不同的燈源發光

  • We've been (INAUDIBLE) biological lighting system that works with living bioluminescent bacteria.

    我們一直都在從事與活體生物發光細菌有關的生物發光系統

  • Sandra Rey is French and just 26,

    26歲的法國人Sandra Rey

  • the youngest innovator we've ever featured on "Make Create Innovate".

    是我們致力於「創造始得創新」中最年輕的創新者

  • She had a bright idea in 2013, while studying industrial design in Paris.

    2013年,她在巴黎就讀工業設計時,有個引人注目的想法

  • We noticed that fishes were able to turn a light, (IANUDIBLE) and we say,

    我們注意到魚能夠發光,於是我們假設

  • oh, maybe this is a solution to solve our issues, and economical and ecological issues for human lighting.

    也許這可以解決我們的問題,並解決人行照明系統上經濟與生態的問題

  • Bioluminescence is a natural phenomenon that among other things enable fireflies to glow.

    生物照明就像螢火蟲會發光一樣,是一種自然現象

  • But Rey drew her inspiration from the deep sea,

    深海中不同種類的烏賊,甚至是寄生於烏體內的特殊細菌

  • the species of squid or rather special bacteria that live inside the squid

    上天賦予這些生物特殊的發光能力

  • and give them their extraordinary ability to bioluminescent.

    讓Rey靈光乍現

  • Basically, we're using genes coding for the biochemical reaction of bioluminescence inside the bacteria.

    基本上,我們利用存在於細菌當中生物發光基因編碼的生化反應

  • So, we took these genes and we put them in the most common bacteria

    於是,我們將這些基因做了取樣,並將它們注入實驗室中

  • that we use in the lab. And then we grow the light.

    最普遍的細菌當中。然後,我們培育了光

  • So, that's bacteria from squid. Exactly. Will they light?

    就像烏賊體內的細菌一樣。沒錯。但是,它們會發光嗎?

  • Yes, I can show you in the dark.

    會的,我可以在黑暗中展示給你們看

  • The drop of liquid nutrient and the mixture surge (ph) into life.

    液態營養物質及酸鹼值注入了這些生命體內

  • It's this magical light, enough to two years now that (INAUDIBLE). I'm seeing it almost every day.

    就是這個神奇的光,讓我們足足花了兩年的時間,幾乎每天都會看到

  • It's still magical. It's --yes, it's amazing.

    它真的很神奇,沒錯,它就是這麼不可思議

  • But demo and a test tube is one thing. Scaling up is the challenge.

    但是樣本和試管是一回事,擴大規模才是真正的挑戰

  • But where better to try than the streets of Paris,

    還有什麼地方會比巴黎更適合作這個試驗呢?

  • where the world's first gas powered street lights burned Rey hopes her bacteria could soon glow.

    當世界上第一批燃氣驅動的路燈燒掉時,Rey希望她研究的細菌可以快點發光

  • Inside the bus, their supporters are getting a sneak preview.

    他們的支持者正在若無其事地觀察他們的研究

  • And a ferial almost psychedelic blue glow gently illuminates the space.

    一個微微透著藍色的隱隱約約地照亮了這個空間

  • How do the people seeing it react?

    大家看到這個現象是什麼反應?

  • I think they would be surprised. It's a really weird light, like really (INAUDIBLE) intriguing.

    我覺得他們應該是很驚訝。這真的是很奇怪的燈,感覺真的很奇妙

  • You just want to look at it and it's just a preview.

    你就是想看一看,但是這還只是試驗階段

  • In the corner, an example of future Rey sees about urban illumination.

    在角落那邊,Rey看到未來市區照明的樣本

  • We know that the shop windows market is now validated

    我們知道商店櫥窗的市場目前正在驗證

  • and we just need to have a big more intensity to go there. So, in 2017,

    而我們必須加強生物發光的產量,以滿足2017年的市場需求

  • but we also have a lot of interest in the construction industry, in the energy industry.

    但是我們也需要大量投入建築工業、以及能源工業

  • Rey hopes to make this landscape multicolored, a spectrum of reds, greens and yellows.

    Rey希望製造各種顏色的燈光,諸如紅色、綠色、黃色等

  • There are still challenges ahead, how to make the light lasts longer and more intense.

    如何使生物發光具有持續性及高亮度,仍然充滿很多挑戰

  • We've managed to make it totally autonomous for three days. Now, it's kind of a night light.

    我們已經設定讓這些燈光自主調節三天,現在,是種夜燈

  • So, we still have a lot of progress on that (INAUDIBLE).

    我們仍然需要很多步驟

  • We know that we can do ten times more in a very short term period.

    我們知道我們能夠在短期內達到十倍的產量

  • If you come to Paris at Christmastime, which we're having (INAUDIBLE),

    如果你在聖誕節來到充滿光物發光的巴黎

  • there's no city like it. Do you imagine applying this technology here?

    巴黎和其他城市不一樣,你可以想像巴黎有這樣的科技嗎?

  • Totally, I would love to see Paris all bioluminescent.

    整體而言,我很希望看到巴黎充滿生物發光

  • Earlier to this academic year, we showed you goat yoga. Today, we're bringing you cat yoga.

    這學年一開始,我們教的是山羊瑜珈,今天,我們要介紹的是貓瑜珈

  • Not necessarily what many of the animals do naturally.

    動物們只要自然活動就好

  • This is human yoga with cats, shelter cats from a no-kill cat shelter in Atlanta, Georgia.

    這是人類和貓一起的瑜珈,在喬治亞州亞特蘭大的避難所中,貓不用擔心被殺害

  • They started cat yoga to bring more people to the shelter,

    他們開始推廣貓瑜珈,幫助更多人來到避難所

  • but they found that many of the cats who were too shy to socialize on adoption day

    但是他們發現,很多貓在平常的收養日時不擅於社交互動

  • are more relaxed and interactive around people doing yoga.

    在做瑜珈時,卻顯得放鬆並與周圍的人互動

  • So, as long as they`re catatonic, it`s for cats a tonic.

    因此,只要貓願意,瑜珈對貓而言是有利社交互動的

  • And if regular yoga barely scratches the surface of meditation,

    如果做瑜珈的寧靜氣氛很少會被貓打擾的話

  • cat and yoga lovers could find this the peek of the (INAUDIBLE). And it's pretty a-meow-sing to look it.

    貓和瑜珈的愛好者將會發現,和貓一起做瑜珈是很棒的

  • That catalogs another edition of CNN Student Meoows. I'm Carl Azuz.

    這是另一個版本的CNN學生喵新聞,我是Carl Azuz

Hi. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

大家好,我是CNN學生新聞的Carl Azuz

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