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Hi, guys. I'd like to share with you one of my pet peeves.
"Pet peeves" means something
that other people do that make you angry. So, I am an ESL teacher, and I love teaching,
but something really pisses me off, something really makes me angry, and it is when people
do not say the "s" at the end of words. Now, I understand that this is at first a pronunciation
problem, so you guys are going to go to Emma's video that she made: "Words Ending in 's'".
So, this will teach you all about the pronunciation of the word "s" at the end of words.
So, www.engvid.com will give you...。
Type in "s pronunciation", and you've got that video right there. After
you watch that video, there will be no excuse. So, please, try. Help me out.
And I'm going to tell you why it's so important. First example: Use the "s" is if you said
to someone, for example: "I like cat" or "I like dog",
this means you want to say that you like dogs, cats, you think they're cute, you maybe have a couple pets. But guess what?
If you say: "I like cat and I like dog", this means you like to eat them. So you don't want
someone to think that you like to eat dogs or cats, now, do you? So, it's crucial (very important)
that you always try to remember to put the "s". So, instead of saying:
"I like cat and I like dog", we're going to say: "I like cats and I like dogs."
If it's an animal that you like, you're going to put the "s", with the exception of chicken...
You can like chickens. But if you like to eat it, you're not going to put the "s". So,
for example: "My favourite food is chicken." So, I would say: "I like chicken." But if
I like the animal: "Bawk, bawk, bawk", maybe a bit too much, I would say: "I like chickens."
So, be careful. You don't want to say to someone: "I like sheep",
because that just... That's a different subject.
So, the first rule that you have to remember with this is we always use an "s" with countable
nouns. So, a "countable noun" means something that you can count in groups. For example:
dogs, cats; one dog, two dogs, three dogs. You can count them. We have countable and
uncountable nouns in English. If you're not too sure, you can reference it on www.engvid.com
or you can look in a grammar book or a dictionary, and you will know if it's countable or uncountable.
So, rule number one is that every countable noun will have to have an "s" if it's plural.
If you look at my example... Now, I hear this all the time. I will ask someone:
"Wow. Cool shoes. How much were they?"
"40 dollar." And, let me see, 40 dollar, 40 dollar, what?
Because "dollars" are countable, you have to put the "s". So, it's not: "40 dollar",
it's "40 dollars". So: "I have 5 dollars." Now, if you only have one of something that's
countable, that's okay, you don't need the "s". So, for example: "I have one dog."
I don't put the "s". If you have one of something that's countable, you don't need the "s",
but as soon as you have two, you need to put the "s".
The other words that we're going to look at are more of a grammar-based thing, but that's
cool. "There were several", maybe this is a new word for you. "Several" means the same
as "a lot" or "many". It means more than one. So, for example, if you say: "There was...
There were several dog", this doesn't make sense; because this means more than one, I
have to write the "s". I say: "There were several dogs."
"I have a lot of cat".
So, if you told me that you have a lot of cat, I think that you're
going to invite me to eat the cat that you have, because you have a large portion of
cat for me to eat. I have never eaten cat. I probably would, but I don't think you would
like me to eat your cat, so you have to say: "I have a lot of cats." Meow. Crazy cat ladies,
hello.
Next one, I hear people say: "Oh, my city has many tree." Huh, okay. Well, "many", which
means the same as "a lot" or "several", again, you need the "s". So, you have to say... Not
"tress". "My city has many trees."
One more that's even more confusing for you guys is "too many". Now, "many", and "a lot",
and "several" are always positive things. Okay? But "too many" is always a bad thing
or a negative thing. So, if you like trees and cats and dogs, you can use "many". But
if you don't like the countable noun, you have to say "too many". So, for example, I
can say: "She has too many brothers."
So, maybe you know somebody that has 10 brothers,
and you don't like the brothers, you can say:
"Mm, she's got too many brothers. I don't like that."
Maybe you know someone that has 15 children, you can say:
"Oh my god, well,
in my opinion, she just has too many kids." Now, the word "children" is countable, so
it's plural, so you don't need to worry about the "s", but "kids" is countable. So:
"She has too many brothers", "too many kids". When it's "too many", it's something you don't
like. But these ones are something that you like or you think are okay. So, as far as
the grammar sense goes, if you can remember "several", "a lot", and "many", you're going
to remember to put the "s".
There's one more group of words that I think are confusing, but that's cool. We have in
English: "no one", "nobody", "anyone", "anybody", "everyone", and "everybody". Now, to help
you guys out: "no one" and "nobody" mean exactly the same. Okay? "Anyone", "anybody", they're
the same. It doesn't matter. But when you use these words, you always need to make sure
that your verb is going to be singular. So, for example, I can say:
"No one" or "Nobody likes", okay?
Because this is a singular, we need to put an "s" on our verb.
"Nobody likes taxes." Hmm. Taxes are terrible. "Everybody" or "Everyone has"... We can't say:
"Everyone have". We have to say: "Everyone has a brain."
Sometimes I wonder about this, but I know,
physically, everyone has a brain. Okay? I can't say: "Nobody like taxes." I have to
say: "Nobody likes". So, if you have: "no-", "any-", or "every-", "one" or "body", you
always have to make sure that your verb is a singular, takes a singular noun.
Go check out Emma's lesson, and remember: Anytime that you have a countable noun that's
more than one, please do Ronnie a big favour, and please say the "s".
Later.
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別再犯這些常見的錯誤 (Don't make this common mistake. Use the S)

12779 分類 收藏
HQQ 發佈於 2017 年 11 月 15 日   Rose 翻譯   林恩立 審核

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