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  • Welcome to the Macat Multimedia Series. A Macat Analysis of Philip Zimbardo’s The

  • Lucifer Effect.

  • What makes humans capable of evil acts?

  • When that question is debated by psychologists, the Stanford Prison Experiment, conducted

  • by Philip Zimbardo, always features in the discussion.

  • Zimbardo was interested in finding out what happened whenyou put good people in an

  • evil place.” His investigation of the psychology of imprisonment looked at whether the behaviour

  • of prisoners and guards wasdispositional’ – dependent on their personalitiesor

  • situational,’ the product of a time and place.

  • Zimbardo randomly divided two groups of student volunteers into prisoners and guardsplaced

  • them in a prison environment built in a Stanford basementand then observed the results

  • over several days.

  • He found that the students assigned to play guards rapidly turned abusive and controlling,

  • whereas theprisonersbecame submissive and accepting of punishment. He concluded

  • that people typically conform to the social roles they are expected to play.

  • Zimbardo’s thesis was expanded in his book, The Lucifer Effect. He proposed that evil

  • does not necessarily rise from some wickedness of character. Rather, ordinary people do evil

  • things when placed in certain situations.

  • To explain, let’s imagine two groups of people. Some wear blue shirts and some wear

  • red ones.

  • One blue shirted person decides to create a social clubfor blue shirts only.

  • It’s dedicated to talking about blue culture and preserving blue language.

  • This particular blue shirt becomes the leader of the club and decides that, in order for

  • other blue shirts to join, they must steal money from the red-shirted people.

  • Red shirts deserve to be stolen from,’ he says. ‘Theyre stupid enough to buy

  • red shirts instead of blue ones, so we must be superiorand more deserving of their

  • money”.

  • Applicants queue to be accepted into the blue club. They rationalise that if everyone is

  • stealing to gain entry, they won’t be judged.

  • So red-shirted people become victims of thievery, because of the situation the blue-shirted

  • people have been put into.

  • Zimbardo’s mechanismsthe seeds from which evil can sproutare all present

  • in this scenario. Responsibility for evil acts is diffused among many, not pinned on

  • one person, The blue-shirted applicants found it easy to go along with the crowd.

  • They were also ordered to commit crimes by someone in authoritythe blue club leader

  • who dehumanised the red shirts by implying they were inferior. What’s more, fear of

  • being rejected from the club would influence them too.

  • Zimbardo’s experiments have helped to define our understanding of evil.

  • A more detailed examination of his ideas can be found in the Macat Analysis.

Welcome to the Macat Multimedia Series. A Macat Analysis of Philip Zimbardo’s The


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B1 中級 美國腔

淺談菲利普-津巴多的《路西法效應》--馬卡特心理學分析。 (An Introduction to Philip Zimbardo’s The Lucifer Effect - A Macat Psychology Analysis)

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    Aming Chiang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日