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  • So, what is peripheral vascular disease? Well, first of all, vascular disease refers to any

    所以,什麼是外周血管疾病?好的首先,血管疾病指的是一些

  • problem with the vasculature of the body. Those would be the arteries and veins.

    在於血管運輸於全身系統的病症。有關於動脈與靜脈。(常見於動脈粥狀病變,靜脈常見到的是靜脈曲張)

  • Peripheral is to distinguish it from two other vascular beds in the body. The main three vascular

    周邊的區分由兩個血管床在全身系統。這意味著冠心病,胸血管病和外周動脈病等

  • beds in the body would be the cerebral, or vascular bed of the brain, the coronary vascular

    將通過全身到腦部或血管床到大腦,冠狀血管床

  • bed, which feeds the heart, and then, the vascular bed which feeds everything else,

    由血管通道(靜脈)到心臟,藉由血管床(心臟>動脈)流通到全身各處,

  • the rest of the body.

    全身(心臟>動脈>微血管>靜脈>心臟)

  • So vascular disease is really talking about the disease which affects the vasculature

    所以,血管疾病是實際上有關於血管疾病,影響血管

  • of the rest of the body, from the most part, our lower extremities and legs. It can be

    再動脈流通身體各處,我們遠端區域甚至到腳部。它可能因為

  • caused by a lot of the same things that cause the cerebral vascular disease or the coronary

    會造成血腦屏障疾病或冠狀血管疾病

  • vascular disease. That would be the buildup of cholesterol plaque within those arteries.

    這些血液病症,由動脈中的膽固醇,血小板......等因素

  • For the most part, they have a lot of the same risk factors as the cerebral and coronary vascular disease does.

    在這部分,有大量相同的風險因子,於腦和冠狀血管案例。

  • That would be smoking, lack of exercise, increased blood pressure and cholesterol.

    這像是吸菸,缺乏運動,增加血壓和(高)膽固醇

  • For peripheral vascular disease, however, smoking, plays a large factor.

    在外周血管疾病而言,以吸菸扮演很大的因素

  • So, how do you know if you have peripheral vascular disease? Oftentimes, you can note

    所以,如何知道你有外周血管疾病呢?你可以留意以下兩點

  • that in one of two ways. One would be lower extremity cramping or pain, which we call

    一,上下肢末端給予壓力或痛覺刺激,我們稱為

  • claudication with walking. Another way may be to see that the signs of decreased blood

    (間歇性)跛行。另一檢測方法,將四肢舉高使血流量減少

  • flow to the legs or feet. That would be cold or cool feet, or hair loss on the lower extremities,

    你可能會四肢冰冷,毛髮減少

  • or a change in color of the feet or toes. The most common symptom would be claudication,

    或是腳或腳趾皮色改變。而如果有下列症狀稱為跛行

  • which is a leg cramping during walking.

    在行走時如同穿襪子的束縛感

  • The best thing to do would be to see your doctor. Your doctor can order a pretty simple

    有這些症狀需要請教你的醫師。你的醫師會做簡單量測

  • test, which we call a lower extremity vascular study or a peripheral artery study. The test

    在於我們末梢血管研究或是周圍動脈研究。

  • starts off with something called an ankle brachial index, which is just a simple measure

    這測試稱作踝肱血壓指數,於此測量

  • of the blood pressure difference between the arms, or upper extremity, and the legs. It

    血壓在手臂,上肢體,和腳的不同處。

  • can be done with a simple 15 minute in-office procedure. It's pretty painless and will tell

    此量測有十五分鐘時間。不太會痛,如有任何問題需告知醫師看是否需要打抗凝血藥劑

  • the doctor right away if there's any problems with the vasculature in your legs.

    表示你的腳血管脈流通有問題

  • So, how do we treat peripheral artery disease? It would be going back to the basic lifestyle

    所以,如何治療周圍動脈血脈疾病?需要改變生活方式

  • modifications; stopping smoking, reducing your blood pressure, and treating high cholesterol.

    戒菸,降低你的血壓和控制膽固醇的問題(膽固醇等會堵住血管,易形成動脈粥狀硬化等問題)

  • Another very important way we treat peripheral artery disease would be to increase the amount

    另外非常重要對付方式是加強你的運動次數

  • of exercise that you do. And that's the basic things you need to know about peripheral artery disease.

    以上就是關於外周血管疾病的簡單常識

So, what is peripheral vascular disease? Well, first of all, vascular disease refers to any

所以,什麼是外周血管疾病?好的首先,血管疾病指的是一些

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B2 中高級 中文 Howcast 血管 動脈 靜脈 膽固醇 冠狀

什麼是外周血管疾病?| 心臟病 (What Is Peripheral Vascular Disease? | Heart Disease)

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    Study English 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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