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Marijuana, also known as weed or pot, refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the hemp plant Cannabis sativa
which contains the psychoactive and mind-altering chemical, delta-9-tetra-hydro-cannabinol, or THC, as well as other related compounds.
Let's take a fun look at some interesting facts about the world's most beloved plant.
Researchers find that 42% of people surveyed in the U.S. have tried marijuana at least once.
In contrast, only 20% of people surveyed in the Netherlands, where weed has been legal for 38 years, reported having tried pot.
Out of the estimated 22 million pounds of marijuana grown each year in the United States,
nearly 80% comes from California, Tennessee, Kentucky, Hawaii and Washington.
An estimated one-third of America's weed is grown indoors.
An indoor grow module accommodating 4 plants sucks as much electricity as 29 refrigerators.
In California, indoor marijuana grow modules account for about 9 percent of household electricity use.
In Colorado, where the recreational use of marijuana was recently legalized, only 9% of residents are regular pot smokers.
Denver has surpassed Amsterdam as the capital of the marijuana world.
The city has more than 300 stores, called dispensaries, outnumbering pharmacies, liquor stores, public schools and even Starbucks.
In Colorado, recreational pot has a hard time competing with medical marijuana, which has been legal since 2000 and whose tax rate is 78% lower.
Estimated pot sales are 55 tons of medical pot and 18.4 tons of recreational pot.
The use among teens has not increased with the legalization of recreational weed.
Legalizing marijuana federally would generate $8.7 billion in federal and state tax revenue per year.
California was the first U.S. State that banned marijuana a century ago.
In the U.S., a sentence of life in prison without parole was given for trying to sell $10 of marijuana to an undercover officer.
Over 800,000 people are arrested for marijuana in the US each year.
Support for marijuana legalization is rapidly outpacing opposition.
A slim majority (52%) of Americans say the drug should be made legal, compared with 45% who want it to be illegal.
Opinions have changed drastically since 1969, when Gallup first asked the question and found that just 12% favored legalizing marijuana use.
Smoking up could be a very different experience for men and women, according to a 2014 study in the journal, Drug and Alcohol Dependence.
In research on rats, it was discovered that females were more sensitive to cannabis painkilling qualities,
but they were also more likely to develop a tolerance for the drug, which could contribute to negative side effects and dependence on marijuana.
Study after study finds that marijuana is less harmful than alcohol and tobacco.
The beer and alcohol industries are two of the biggest anti-marijuana advocates.
Obviously, marijuana is a serious threat to alcohol sales.
Due to its safer nature, marijuana is often suggested as an alternative to alcohol.
However, heavy use can be harmful. Since pot smoke is chemically very similar to tobacco smoke,
heavy pot smokers are at risk for some of the same health effects as cigarette smokers,
like bronchitis and other respiratory illnesses. Though, the risks are from smoking,
which isn't the only way to use marijuana. Another hazard: car accidents caused by driving while high
though the risk is lower than from drunk driving.
A smoker would theoretically have to consume nearly 1,500 pounds of marijuana within about fifteen minutes to induce a lethal response.
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大麻的12件有趣知識 (Weed: 12 Interesting Facts You Should Know)

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Michael neWeed 發佈於 2017 年 1 月 2 日   陳彥文 翻譯   Mandy Lin 審核

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根據調查,高達六成的美國人支持大麻合法化。上個月,美國四州公投通過,同意娛樂用大麻 (recreational marijuana) 。你對於大麻暸解多少?大麻跟其他毒品的差別在哪?會上癮嗎?對健康有什麼影響?2017 的一開始讓我們來看看影片長知識吧~

1in contrast0:31
contrast 的意思是「對比,對照」,而片語 in contrast 則是「與...形成對比」或「 與...相比」。
In contrast to his older brother, the flight attendant, Mark does not enjoy traveling at all.
與他那身為空服員的哥哥相比,Mark 一點也不喜歡旅遊。


by contrast 意義相同,也用來對比兩件事或兩個人之不同處。
Cats get plenty of sleep in the day, but dogs, by contrast, seem to never run out of energy.
貓咪在白天會花蠻多時間睡覺,但相反地,狗狗似乎永遠都活力充沛。


on the contrary 則是「恰恰相反、相反地」的意思。
When I first met her, I thought she was arrogant and rude. On the contrary, she's actually quite charming once you get to know her.
我剛認識她的時候,以為她傲慢又無禮。相反地,跟她混熟之後會發現她其實挺迷人的。


*同場加映:
【TED】成敗經濟的 3 大評級機構 Annette Heuser: The 3 agencies with the power to make or break economies


2account for1:03
account for sth. 意思是「(在數量等上)佔...」。
Social media apps account for 40% of the time spent online in the US.
在美國,人民在社群媒體App花費的時間是總上網時間的百分之四十。

Men and women aged 15 to 24 account for half of the new cases of STDs every year.
每年新的性傳染病病例有一半是十五到二十四歲的男女。


account for 也有「說明」、「解釋」的意思。
He was called to the principal's office to account for his irrational behavior.
他被叫去校長室去解釋他荒謬的行為。


*同場加映:
TED-ED : 為什麼我們就是無法看到外星人存在的線索呢? Why can't we see evidence of alien life? - Chris Anderson


3favor2:33
favor 作為動詞時,意思是「支持、贊同」。
Few politicians favor cutting public spending.
少有政治人物支持縮減公共支出。


in favor of sth. 也有「支持」的意思。
All those in favor of this idea, please raise your hands.
支持這個想法的人,請舉手。


favor 作為動詞也有「偏袒」的意思。
My mother always favors my youngest brother over me.
我母親一直都偏袒我最小的弟弟。


4advocate3:05
advocate 意思是「提倡者、擁護者」。
Voltaire was known for being an active advocate of free speech.
伏爾泰因其積極擁護言論自由而聞名。


另外 advocate 也可以作為動詞,意思就是「擁護、提倡、主張」。
This non-profit organization advocates for the rights of minorities and women in the US.
這個非營利組織擁護美國少數族群與婦女的權利。


5induce3:46
induce 是「引起、導致」的意思。
You'd be surprised by how many diseases are induced by stress.
你會驚訝有多少疾病是因壓力所引起的。


induce 也有「引誘」的意思。
Nothing in the world could induce me to go on a date with you!
什麼也不能引誘我跟你約會!


*同場加映:
起雞皮疙瘩的科學原理 The Science of Goosebumps and Music Chills


大麻合法化為近幾年來一項非常熱門的議題。你認為大麻該在台灣合法嗎?大麻合法化對台灣社會與經濟將帶來什麼樣的影響呢?

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