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  • Hellow, Today we are going to talk about noun clauses.

  • before we talk about noun clauses, we need to talk about nouns.

  • and the three jobs that a noun has. ..so the first thing that a noun can do in

  • a sentence, it could be the subject of a sentence. It could be the object of the sentence.

  • It could also be the object of a preposition. Let's look at an example.

  • First, let's look at this video. Hey, how was school today?

  • Blah, blah, blah blah. ...so the question....'what did he say?'

  • so I have used the noun here... answer 'his was difficult to understand.

  • In this situation 'answer' is the noun...it's the subject of the sentence.

  • a noun could also be the object of a verb. Here I have 'I didn't understand his answer'.

  • 'answer' is the object of the verb . and then a noun could also be the object of

  • a preposition. Here, 'I was confused about his answer.'

  • 'about' is the preposition. 'answer' is the object of the preposition.

  • Sop..these are the three jobs of a noun in a sentence. It could be the subject. It could

  • be the object of the verb. It could be the object of a preposition.

  • Now we will move on to talk about noun clauses. Before we go any further, let me just explain

  • a clause is a subject verb combination. So a noun clause is a subject verb combination

  • that acts as a noun. So if we remember this sentence, 'his answer

  • was difficult to understand.' 'answer' is the subject.

  • I have just about the same meaning with this....'what he said was difficult to understand.'

  • In this situation 'what he said' is a noun clause. I have 'what' the question word. and

  • the subject 'he'.... and the verb 'said.' ..so that whole clause 'what he said' is the

  • subject of the sentence. the subject of the verb 'was'.

  • In that situation, it is the subject of the verb.

  • One thing to point out about noun clauses...is that the form is a little bit different from

  • questions. If you look at my question here...'what did

  • he say?' for people learning English , this is very

  • difficult because we have the question word and then we have the helping verb 'did' and

  • then we have the subject and then the main verb.

  • 'what did he say?' Students work very hard to get that pattern

  • correctly because they have to put the helping verb before the subject.

  • ok...so...the regular order for questions, question word, helping verb, subject, main

  • verb. With a noun clause, it's a little bit different...

  • If you can see....first...here's my question...'what did he say...'

  • with the noun clause it is 'what he said'....so it becomes the question word, the subject,

  • and then the verb. So after they have worked very hard to get

  • this pattern, they need to come back and get this pattern for noun clauses. question work

  • subject, then verb. let's take a look at noun clauses in other

  • parts of the sentence. let's look at the noun clause as the object

  • of the sentence. 'I didn't understand his answer.' in that

  • situation 'answer' is the object. and here, 'I didn't understand what he said.'

  • ...'what he said' is the object of the sentence...it's a noun clause.

  • Now we look at the noun clause as the object of the preposition ...

  • If we look at this sentence, 'I was confused about his answer. 'about' is the preposition.

  • 'answer' is the object.' I can use a noun clause to get the same idea.....'I

  • was confused about what he said'....'about' is the preposition.

  • 'what he said' is the noun clause. let's look at another example based on another

  • video. this is the video of 'where did he go?'

  • "hey are you finished in there?" "hey,,,oh, no ,,,where did he go?"

  • Yes, the question 'where did he go?' who knows? so...'where did he go' is the question. It

  • has the question word 'where' the helping verb 'did'...the subject 'he' and the main

  • verb 'go'. I can change that to a noun clause. 'I don't

  • know where he went'...'where he went' is the object of the sentence.

  • and it's the object the verb 'know'. Let's try one more example. I have the question,

  • "what does he eat for breakfast?" is the question....helping verb, subject,

  • main verb...'what does he eat' and when I change it to a noun clause, 'what

  • he eats for breakfast is unhealthy'. so in this situation I have the question word

  • 'what' , the helping verb 'does', the subject, 'he, and then the main verb 'eats.'

  • That was a brief introduction to noun clauses and how they work in sentences. thank you

  • very much.

Hellow, Today we are going to talk about noun clauses.

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A2 初級 美國腔

名詞性從句 (Noun clauses)

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    Cai Xin Liu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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