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  • Welcome to English grammar spot. This tutorial is about the past perfect and the

  • past perfect continuous.

  • In this lesson I am going to show you how to form and when to use a past perfect,

  • and how to from and when to use a past perfect continuous.

  • Now let's get started. Take a look at these sentences:

  • I had worked before I ate my breakfast.

  • I had been working before I ate my breakfast,

  • The first sentence is in the past perfect tense.

  • The second sentence is in the past perfect continuous tense.

  • Now let's have a look at how to make a past perfect.

  • We can make a past perfect for the regular verbs,

  • by using the auxiliary verb to have but then

  • the past tense from which is had,

  • and the past participle.

  • remember we can make a past participle

  • by adding -ed to the base form of the verb.

  • For example:

  • I had walked the dog.

  • For the irregular verbs we also use had and the past participle but here

  • the past participle has a different form.

  • She had driven my car the infinitive form of the verb is to drive.

  • The past perfect continuous is made with the auxiliary verb have but then

  • the past simple for which is had,

  • the past participle of the verb 'to be' which is been,

  • the base form of the verb

  • and ing.

  • For example

  • I had been walking the dog

  • and she had been driving my car.

  • Now let's have a look at the difference between the two.

  • We use the past perfect for verbs that express either an activity or a state,

  • which started in the past before something else in the past so we have

  • two things happening in the past but one before the other. For example

  • he had talked on the phone before he started cooking

  • I had broken my leg before I broke my arm.

  • A past perfect continuous is used for an activity which started in the past

  • before something else in the past

  • so only with activitie. For example

  • I had been talking to him

  • before I sent that email.

  • Please note

  • that we cannot use the verb 'to break' here.

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Welcome to English grammar spot. This tutorial is about the past perfect and the

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A2 初級 英國腔

過去完成時和過去完成時連貫(漸進式)--英語語法教程視頻課。 (Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous (progressive) - English grammar tutorial video lesson)

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    Cai Xin Liu 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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