B1 中級 美國腔 7155 分類 收藏
I'm a visual artist,
and I'm also one of the co-founders of the Plastic Pollution Coalition.
I've been working with plastic bags,
which I cut up and sew back together as my primary material for my artwork
for the last 20 years.
I turn them into two and three-dimensional pieces
and sculptures and installations.
Upon working with the plastic, after about the first eight years,
some of my work started to fissure
and break down into smaller little bits of plastic.
And I thought, "Great.
It's ephemeral just like us."
Upon educating myself a little further about plastics,
I actually realized this was a bad thing.
It's a bad thing that plastic breaks down into smaller little bits,
because it's always still plastic.
And what we're finding
is that a lot of it is in the marine environment.
I then, in the last few years,
learned about the Pacific garbage patch and the gyre.
And my initial reaction --
and I think this is a lot of people's first reaction
to learning about it --
is, "Oh my God!
We've got to go out there and clean this thing up."
So I actually developed a proposal
to go out with a cargo ship
and two decommissioned fishing trawlers,
a crane, a chipping machine
and a cold-molding machine.
And my intention was to go out to the gyre,
raise awareness about this issue
and begin to pick up the plastic,
chip it into little bits and cold mold it into bricks
that could potentially be used as building materials
in underdeveloped communities.
I began talking with people
who actually had been out to the gyre
and were studying the plastic problem in the marine environment
and upon doing so,
I realized actually that cleaning it up
would be a very small drop in the bucket
relative to how much is being generated
every day around the world,
and that actually I needed to back up and look at the bigger picture.
And the bigger picture is:
we need to find a way to turn off the faucet.
We need to cut the spigot
of single-use and disposable plastics,
which are entering the marine environment every day
on a global scale.
So in looking at that, I also realized that I was really angry.
I wasn't just concerned about plastic
that you're trying to imagine out in the middle of the Pacific Ocean --
of which I have learned there are now
11 gyres, potentially, of plastic
in five major oceans in the world.
It's not just that gyre of plastic that I'm concerned about --
it's the gyre of plastic in the supermarket.
I'd go to the supermarket and all of my food is packaged in plastic.
All of my beverages are packaged in plastic,
even at the health food market.
I'm also concerned about the plastic in the refrigerator,
and I'm concerned about the plastic and the toxins that leach from plastic
into us and into our bodies.
So I came together with a group of other people
who were all looking at this issue,
and we created the Plastic Pollution Coalition.
We have many initiatives that we're working on,
but some of them are very basic.
One is: if 80 to 90 percent
of what we're finding in the ocean --
of the marine debris that we're finding in the ocean -- is plastic,
then why don't we call it what it is.
It's plastic pollution.
Recycling -- everybody kind of ends their books
about being sustainable and greening with the idea of recycling.
You put something in a bin and you don't have to think about it again.
What is the reality of that?
In the United States, less than seven percent of our plastics are recycled.
And if you really look into it,
particularly when it comes to plastic bottles,
most of it is only down-cycled,
or incinerated, or shipped to China.
It is down-cycled and turned into lesser things,
while a glass bottle can be a glass bottle again
or can be used again --
a plastic bottle can never be a plastic bottle again.
So this is a big issue for us.
Another thing that we're looking at and asking people to think about
is we've added a fourth R
onto the front
of the "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle," three R's,
and that is refuse.
Whenever possible, refuse single-use and disposable plastics.
Alternatives exist;
some of them are very old-school.
I myself am now collecting these cool Pyrex containers
and using those instead of Glad and Tupperware containers
to store food in.
And I know that I am doing a service
to myself and my family.
It's very easy to pick up a stainless-steel bottle
or a glass bottle,
if you're traveling and you've forgotten to bring your stainless-steel bottle
and fill that up with water or filtered water,
versus purchasing plastic bottled water.
I guess what I want to say to everybody here --
and I know that you guys know a lot about this issue --
is that this is a huge problem in the oceans,
but this is a problem that we've created as consumers
and we can solve.
We can solve this by raising awareness of the issue
and teaching people to choose alternatives.
So whenever possible, to choose alternatives
to single-use plastics.
We can cut the stem -- tide the stem of this
into our oceans
and in doing so,
save our oceans, save our planet, save ourselves.
Thank you. (Applause)


【TED】戴安娜.科恩(Dianna Cohen):關於塑膠污染的殘酷事實 (Dianna Cohen: Tough truths about plastic pollution)

7155 分類 收藏
柯媁涵 發佈於 2016 年 6 月 3 日
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