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  • What’s the point of putting lipstick on a guinea pig? Other than making the guinea

    在天竺鼠身上試驗唇膏的用意為何?

  • pig look fabulous, obviously

    很明顯地,不是為了要讓天竺鼠閃閃動人

  • Hello there, lovely people, Amy here on DNews. I wear cosmetic products, obviously, and probably

    哈囉,可愛的觀眾們,我是 DNews的Amy,很明顯地,我有在使用化妝品

  • you do, too, even if you don’t think you do. That’s because along with makeup, moisturizers,

    你們可能也跟我一樣,就算你自認為沒有,因為就跟化妝、保濕霜

  • and nail polish, the US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) definition of cosmetics includes things

    和指甲油一樣,美國食品藥品管理局的化妝品定義包含以下產品

  • like shampoo, deodorant, and toothpaste. Unless those cosmetics also treat something like

    如:洗髮精、體香劑和牙膏,除非產品會造成

  • dandruff or cavities, provide sun protection, or have a color additive, the FDA has no authority

    頭皮屑、蛀牙、具防曬效果或含有色素,否則美國食品藥品管理局則無法

  • to regulate them and it’s up to the cosmetic company to make sure theyre safe before

    下令控管,所以在公司出產產品前,必須要確保產品的安全性後

  • they hit the market

    才能上架販售

  • There are a lot of factors to consider when testing a cosmetic. Manufacturers need to

    測試化妝品時,需考量各方,製造商必須要確認

  • know if products will cause an allergic reaction; if theyll cause temporary or irreversible

    該產品是否會造成過敏反應; 短暫或永久的

  • skin or eye damage; at what point theyre toxic if absorbed through the skin, lungs,

    皮膚或眼睛傷害; 如透過皮膚、肺部或消化道進入體內,有毒物質會造成何種傷害

  • or digestive tract; the effects of long-term exposure; if theyre carcinogenic; if they

    長期曝曬後的影響為何; 是否會致癌

  • cause infertility; or if they cause birth defects. Pretty much all the things you need

    是否會造成不孕; 又或是會造成嬰兒先天缺陷等影響,如果你是正在

  • to worry about if youre a teenage boy who overuses body spray

    找尋體香噴霧的青少年,這些差不多就是你需要留意的事項了

  • But cosmetic companies can’t jump straight to testing on teenage boys because they’d

    但化妝品公司不能一開始就直接在青少年身上試驗

  • probably get a call from their irate mothers. No. Companies don’t test on humans because

    因為他們有可能會接孩子媽媽們的暴怒電話,沒有公司會在人類身上做試驗

  • it’s inhumane and if something goes wrong, it might irreparably harm a human being. Before

    因為假如有意外發生,便會是不人道的,試驗結果有可能會對人類造成無法挽回的後果

  • a human uses a product, we have to be sure theyre reasonably safe, so for a long time

    身為使用這些產品的人類,我們應該要確保產品是合理安全的,到目前為止

  • animals were used to test the chemicals in cosmetics first. Usually the tests involve

    長時間以來,動物持續被用來當成測試化妝品裡化學物質的對象,一般來說,試驗動物包含

  • mice, rats, guinea pigs, or bunnies. Understandably, many people consider these tests inhumane,

    小白鼠、老鼠、天竺鼠或兔子,想當然耳,多數認為這樣的實驗測試是不人道的

  • and some places like Europe have banned products that have been tested on animals entirely.

    有些地區,如:歐洲就禁止將動物試驗

  • Other places like China actually require animal testing on the finished products. The FDA’s

    其他地區,如:中國則規定,進行動物試驗時,產品必須是製成品

  • stance falls somewhere in the middle: companies are neither encouraged or discouraged to test

    美國食品藥品管理局的立場則處中立:不鼓勵也不反對動物試驗

  • on animals, though the FDA has stated they would like to gain the maximum amount of information

    雖然美國食品藥品管理局聲明他們想要得到更多有關

  • using the fewest animals as humanely as possible. Depending on what theyre testing for, scientists

    在試驗中盡可能少用動物作為試驗品或人道對待試驗動物的訊息,視試驗產品而定,科學家

  • might use just one bunny or as many as 2,600 mice.

    有可能會使用少為1隻多為2600隻的兔子做為試驗品

  • Cosmetic makers would probably rather not test on animals if they could avoid it. It’s

    化妝品製造者會盡可能不使用動物試驗

  • expensive and a PR nightmare. Plus using an animal for testing a chemical’s effects

    不僅高價位又會造成公眾噩夢,再加上,用動物當作人類產品中的化學物試驗對象

  • on people can be imprecise because, well, theyre not people. But scientists are developing

    結果不一定會是準確的,因為動物畢竟不是人,科學家正在開發

  • methods that substitute animals for test tubes. The Johns Hopkins Center for Alternatives

    新的方法,以便由試管替代試驗動物,約翰霍普金斯大學

  • to Animal Testing, appropriately acronymed to CAAT, is foremost in in vitro testing.

    實驗動物中心,簡稱CAAT,為首要的體外試驗中心

  • But some things, like how a product behaves when inhaled, still can’t be replicated

    但有些部分,如產品的使用結果,目前還是無法人為複製

  • artificially. Other proposed methods involve using mathematical models to extrapolate how

    其他提議的方法還包含使用數學模型推斷出

  • thousands of different chemicals will behave after testing just a tiny fraction. Either

    一小部分的試驗後,上千種不同的化學物質所產生的結果

  • way, learning more about what we put on and in our bodies is always a valuable pursuit,

    無論哪一種方式,從人體使用產品後的結果中得到新發現,一直以來都是我們所追求的

  • otherwise we could end up like the Romans, who unknowingly poisoned themselves with white

    否則我們早就像羅馬人一樣了,不知不覺地因作為化妝基底的鉛粉毒害了自己

  • lead used for makeup foundation. All for the sake of beauty

    一切都只是為了追求美麗

  • Ultimately, moving away from animal testing will require some innovative changes

    基本上,廢除動物性試驗還需要更多的創新變革

  • Tech innovations are constantly changing our livesboth professionally and personally

    科技變革持續改變我們的生活,包含專業面向和個人面向

  • If you are fascinated with the latest in tech innovations and how they're impacting the

    如果你對於最新的科技變革有興趣也想要知道

  • world around you, check out Full Sail University. Full Sail has spent 30 years developing degree

    它們以何種層面影響你的話,可至福賽大學的網站查詢,福賽大學已花費30年之久

  • programs that help you build a skill set for the tech industry. To learn more about these

    發展學士學位,透過課程能幫助你為科技產業建立所需技能,對於課程如想要有更進一步的了解

  • programs, and all of Full Sail’s technology degree programs, visit fullsail.edu/DNews

    或想了解福賽大學其他所有的學士課程內容,可至fullsail.edu/DNews

  • A lot of research depends on using animals, particularly lab mice. But why mice? Trace

    許多的實驗都仰賴於動物試驗,特別是實驗老鼠,但為什麼是老鼠呢?

  • explains right here.

    詳解為下

  • Though cosmetic testing on animals gets more attention, most animal testing is done for

    雖然化妝品的動物試驗已引起許多關注,但其實大部份的動物試驗

  • pharmaceutical or biomedical research. Is using animals okay for one but not the other?

    都是用於藥學或生物研究之上,動物試驗真的可行嗎?

  • Share your thoughts in the comments and remember to subscribe so you never miss an episode

    請在下列評論區分享你的想法,記得要訂閱 DNews,這樣一來你就不會錯過任何新聞了

  • of DNews. Thanks for watching.

    謝謝觀看

What’s the point of putting lipstick on a guinea pig? Other than making the guinea

在天竺鼠身上試驗唇膏的用意為何?

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B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 試驗 動物 化妝品 產品 天竺鼠 藥品

為什麼我們還在動物身上測試化妝品? (Why Do We Still Test Cosmetics on Animals?)

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    羅紹桀 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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