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Picture this:
your friend and you are watching a sitcom
and a sassy sidekick walks into a room,
carrying a four-tiered wedding cake.
He trips,
falls,
and face-plants into the cake.
Your friend doubles over with laughter and says,
"It's so ridiculous! So ironic!"
Well, quick, what do you do?
Do you laugh along with the laugh track
and let this grievous misinterpretation of irony go?
Or, do you throw caution to the wind
and explain the true meaning of irony?
If you're me, you choose the latter.
Unfortunately, irony has been completely misunderstood.
We tend to throw out that term
whenever we see something funny or coincidental.
And while many examples of true irony can be funny,
that is not the driving factor of being ironic.
A situation is only ironic if what happens
is the exact opposite of what was expected.
If you expect A, but get B,
then you have irony.
Let's take the slap-stick cake situation as an example.
When someone walks in precariously balancing something
that shouldn't be carried alone,
trips, falls, and makes a mess,
it is funny, but it's not ironic.
In fact, you probably expect someone
who is single-handedly carrying a huge cake to trip.
When he does, reality align with expectations,
and so that is not irony.
But what if the sassy sidekick walked in wearing a gold medal
that he'd won at the cake walking event
at the Atlanta Olympics in 1996?
What if that sidekick was a professional cake carrier?
Then, maybe there would have been a reasonable expectation
that he would have been more skilled
when carrying a ridiculously large cake.
Then, when that reasonable expectation was not met by the tripping sidekick,
irony would have been exemplified.
Another example.
A senior citizen texting and blogging.
The common and reasonable expectation
of more mature men and women
is that they don't like or know technology,
that they have a hard time turning on a computer,
or that they have the old brick cell phones from the 1980s.
One should not expect them to be connected,
high-tech,
or savvy enough to text
or to be blogging,
which must seem like some sort of newfangled thing
that "back in my day," they never had.
So when Granny pulls out her smart phone
to post pictures of her dentures
or her grandkids,
irony ensues.
Reasonable expectations of the situation are not met.
That is irony.
So while the cake dropper might not be ironic,
there are all kinds of situations in life that are.
Go out, and find those true examples of irony.
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【TED-Ed】情境式諷刺:與你預期的相反 (Situational irony: The opposite of what you think - Christopher Warner)

19083 分類 收藏
VoiceTube 發佈於 2018 年 2 月 19 日

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你們知道只有在和預料中完全相反的情況下所發生的事,才叫做諷刺嗎?看完影片後一起找找生活中有哪些例子吧!

1sitcom0:19
sitcom 其實是 situation comedy 的縮寫,意思是「情境喜劇」,情境喜劇一般有固定的主演陣容,一條或多條故事線,圍繞著一個或多個固定場景進行,如家庭或辦公室。
The Simpsons is an animated sitcom.
辛普森家庭是一部動畫情境式喜劇。


*同場加映:
打擊忌妒心 Dealing with jealousy


2sassy 0:21
sassy 的意思是「漂亮的、時髦的」,在美式口語用法中,常用的意思是刁蠻的、很有態度的。
You should have seen her when she was young and sassy.
你真該看看她年輕時候的刁蠻樣。


*同場加映:
抓住模仿精髓!Ryan Higa 教你一秒變好萊塢影星 (How To Act Like Your Favorite Actors)


3double over 0:29
double over 的意思是「把…對折、使…彎腰」,指彎腰的情況時,通常是因為疼痛或是笑到彎腰,像影片中 doubles over with laughter 意思即是笑到彎腰。
I doubled my ticket over and stuck it in my pocket.
我把票對折後放入口袋裡


*同場加映:
10 個超神奇的手機加工小撇步 (10 DIY Phone Hacks That You Should Try!!!)


4align 1:34
align 有「排成一線、使結盟、排列」的意思,較常使用的是 align with,有「與...一致」的意思,這也是影片中所使用的用法。
It is important that words align with action.
言行一致很重要。


*同場加映:
電影教我的事:堅持夢想.永不放棄 (Dream - Motivational Video)


5savvy  2:26
savvy 當動詞有「懂、知曉、理解」的意思,當名詞則有「悟性、理解能力」,在影片中則是當作形容詞 「精明的、有見識的」來使用,而有時會加在名詞後面,表示「擅長某事物」。
Most kids today are very tech-savvy.
現代的小孩對科技都非常精通。


*同場加映:
你的電子郵件夠隱密?仔細再想想 Andy Yen: Think your email's private? Think again


最後幫大家舉個諷刺的例子: The fire station is on fire. 消防局起火了。

文/ HsiangLanLee

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