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In February 2016,
the Pakistan government promised to amend their laws around honor killings.
This comes on the heels of the 2016 Academy Award winning short documentary,
“A Girl in the River: The Price of Forgiveness.”
The film tells the story of a Pakistani woman
who was badly beaten, shot in the head and left in a river to die
all because she married a man whom her father and uncle didn’t approve.
In fact, the UN has estimated that
as many as five thousand honor killings like this occur every year
So what exactly are honor killings?
An honor killing is the murder of one family member by another,
due to a perceived shameful act by the victim upon their family or community.
They are predominantly carried out in honor based societies,
which define a person’s standing by their integrity in the eyes of the community.
Those with honor are generally viewed as good, while those without are shamed.
In these societies,
women are believed to dishonor their families through immoral, often sexual, behavior.
Because a woman is generally understood as a man’s property,
their betrayal strips away their honor, and can be punishable by death.
Honor killings can happen as the result of
a woman seeking escape from an arranged marriage, or having an extramarital affair,
but they can also stem from actions as basic as
dating someone not accepted by a family or wearing western clothing.
Some women have even been killed after being victim to a sexual assault or rape.
In 2015, a Syrian woman was brutally murdered, allegedly by her father and brothers,
after she was gang raped.
The woman had fled Syria two years earlier, for fear that her family would see her as “unclean”.
Honor killings were prominent in ancient Rome, where the male head of the family
could murder sexually active daughters and adulterous wives.
This idea carried into the Ottoman Empire,
where men who were found guilty of killing their wives were exempt from responsibility
or given reduced sentences.
Ottoman men were even known to publicly boast about the act as a way to increase their honor.
Interestingly, this idea was borrowed from an almost identical
19th century French penal code, which remained on the books until 1975.
Today, honor killings are usually associated with countries in the Middle East and North
Africa, but the horrific practice still occurs in other parts of the world, including India,
Europe, Latin America and the U.S.
Despite its prevalence in Islamic regions,
honor killings are never mentioned in the Quran or Hadith.
And religious authorities, like Ayatollah Khamenei of Iran, have publicly denounced the practice.
But in countries like Jordan and Iraq the legal system tacitly approves of honor killings,
as murder sentences are reduced
if the victim was deemed to have brought dishonor to their family.
In fact, perpetrators in Jordan
reportedly serve no more than six months behind bars for the crime.
The Queen of Jordan has repeatedly spoken out against honor killings,
however the country’s parliament has resisted closing up loopholes
that allow killers to get off with little or no punishment.
But government negligence is only part of the problem.
The larger issue is the subordinate role women play in society.
According to a 2013 study, nearly half of Jordanian boys
and 20 percent of girls believe that killing a woman in the name of honor is justifiable.
Religious and political leaders in countries like Pakistan and Jordan are pushing measures
that would further criminalize honor killings.
However, the heinous acts are likely to continue until broad societal norms also give way.
Westerners have a lot of misconceptions about the Muslim world, and the women in it.
Find out what some of them are by watching this video up top.
Or to learn about some of the most women-friendly Muslim countries, watch this video below.
Thanks for watching Test Tube News,
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榮譽處決知多少 (What Are Honor Killings?)

20437 分類 收藏
劉宜佳 發佈於 2017 年 9 月 15 日   劉宜佳 翻譯   Kristi Yang 審核

影片簡介

身處在台灣這個講究兩性平權的社會,我們很難想像在中東和北非等地區,伊斯蘭教的女性正面臨權益和生命被極度漠視的困境。如何改變伊斯蘭教女性在社會上的從屬地位是急需探究的議題,現在讓我們一起透過影片來了解「榮譽處決」如何傷害伊斯蘭教女性權益。

1on the heels of something     0:10
on the heels of something 這是片語用法,意思是「緊跟在後」或「在...之後緊接著發生」。 heel 的意思是「腳後跟」,而 on the heels 的意思是「緊接在腳跟後」,所以延伸出「接踵而至」的意思,of 後面接「先發生的事情」。
On the heels of the windstorm came a rainstorm.
在強風後,緊接著來了場暴雨。

We held a party on the heels of the wedding.
我們在婚禮之後,緊接著辦了派對。


通常在 on the heels of something 前的動詞會用 comefollow,並會加上 hardhot,意思也同樣是「緊跟在後」。

come/follow hard on the heels of something
The announcement of the official statement followed hard on the heels of the meeting this morning.
在今早的會議過後,緊接著發佈了官方聲明。

The speech invitations came hard on the heels of his success in the real estate market.
在房地產市場成功後,他收到無數的演講邀約。


come/follow hot on the heels of something
Fortunately, good news came hot on the heels of bad.
幸運的是,在壞消息後,緊接而來的是好消息。

The third edition of this book follows hot on the heels of the publication of the second.
這本書在第二版出版之後,緊接著是第三版的出版。


*同場加映:
【新聞時事】為什麼摩洛哥抵制瑞典貨物? (Why Does Morocco Want To Boycott Sweden?)


2carry out something  0:49
carry out something 屬於片語用法,意思是「執行某事」或「完成某事」,carry out 通常會接 experiment 實驗/investigation 調查/research 研究/survey 問卷/test 測驗等等。
An investigation is being carried out by the police.
調查正由警察執行中。

They have tried different methods to carry out this research.
他們已經嘗試過不同的方法來執行這個研究。


除了 carry out,還有幾個與 carry 相關的片語:

carry away「拿走」或「使激動」
The garbage has been carried away.
那個垃圾已經被拿走了。


carry off「奪走」、「致...死亡」或「成功地對付」
Heart attack carried him off.
心臟病發作導致他死亡。


carry on「經營」或「繼續下去」
Just carry on with whatever you are doing right now.
你就繼續做你正在做的事。


carry over「繼續存在」
Do not let your stress at work carry over into your personal life.
不要把工作上的壓力帶到你的私人生活中。


carry through「完成」或「保存」
It's a difficult project, but I know you can carry it through.
這個專案很困難,但我知道你有辦法成功完成。


*同場加映:
日本忍者文化 (All About Ninja)


3in the eyes of   0:51
in the eyes of 屬於片語用法,意思是「從...觀點來看」或「從...角度來看」,也可以用 from someone's point of view 來替換。eyes 的功能就是視覺,而視覺會影響想法,所以是一種間接意義用法。
In the eyes of the law, attempted murder is not as serious of a crime as murder.
從法律觀點來看,殺人未遂的罪刑比謀殺輕微。

In the eyes of his boss, he is a hardworking employee.
就他老闆的角度來看,他是很勤奮的員工。


*同場加映:
電競人生紀錄片-遊戲大賽真實的一面 (Free to Play: The Movie (US))


4strip away    1:13
strip away 屬於片語用法,意思是「拿走權利或特權」、「去除」或「揭除」。strip 同時可為及物動詞和不及物動詞,本身即有「剝奪」和「剝光」的意思。
This book stripped away the lies and showed the world what the reality is.
這本書揭除了這個謊言並將事實呈現給世界。

This policy strips away felons' right to vote.
這個政策剝奪重罪犯的投票權。


*同場加映:
比爾蓋茲夫婦的史丹佛大學演講─ 樂觀、創新、同理心,啟發你的畢業後人生!Bill and Melinda Gates' 2014 Stanford Commencement Address


5behind bars  2:55
behind bars 屬於片語用法,意思是「坐牢」。這個片語並不是正式用語,而是口語用法的一種,在正式用法中的「坐牢」是 in prisonbar 是指監獄牢籠的鐵桿,而犯人被關押在由數條鐵桿圍成的牢籠裡,看起來就像是被擋在鐵桿的後面,所以才會用 behind (在...的後面)。
She spent five years behind bars after being found guilty of professional negligence resulting in death.
她因為業務過失致死的罪名被關五年。

She has spent most of her life behind bars.
她大部份的人生都在牢籠裡度過。


*同場加映:
我在Subway的打工故事 (Work Stories (subway))


看完了影片對「榮譽處決」的介紹,你是不是跟小 V 一樣慶幸自己出生在倡導兩性平權的台灣呢?在享受我們所被賦予的權利時,你有沒有想過,你可以為遠在他方受苦的伊斯蘭教女性做些什麼呢?記得珍惜你所擁有的,並不忘在有能力時,為受苦的人付出。

文/ Sunny Yang

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