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  • Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

    Neil:哈囉,歡迎來到六分鐘英語,我是Neil

  • Alice: and I'm Alice. Neil, what are you eating?

    我是Alice;Neil,你在吃啥?

  • Neil: Peanuts.

    Neil:花生

  • Alice: Hmm. Did you know that one of the producers, here, has an allergy to peanuts?

    Alice:你知道這兒的某位製作人對花生過敏嗎?

  • Neil: No, I didn't – but they're not in the studio with us, so it doesn't matter, does it?

    Neil:不,我不知道。不過他們沒跟我們一塊兒在錄音室,所以沒關係吧?不是嗎?

  • Alice: It only takes a tiny piece of peanut to cause a big allergic reaction in some people.

    Alice:只要些微的花生碎屑就會在某些人身上引起很大的過敏反應

  • An allergy by the way, is a condition that makes you feel ill after eating, touching

    順道一提,過敏是一種使你感到不適的狀況,在你食用、接觸

  • or breathing in a particular substance.

    或吸入某種特定的物質後

  • Neil: And food allergies are the subject of today's show.

    Neil:而食物過敏就是今天節目的主題

  • Alice: Alright, put your peanuts down, Neil and answer today's quiz question.

    Alice:好吧,放下你的花生,Neil,並且回答今天測驗的問題

  • What substance is used to treat a severe allergic reaction? Is it...

    什麼物質被拿來治療嚴重的過敏反應?它是...

  • a) penicillin? b) adrenalin?

    a) 盤尼西林? b) 腎上腺素

  • Or c) aspirin?

    或c) 阿斯匹林?

  • Neil: OK, well, I'm going to go for a) penicillin.

    Neil:好的,我要選a) 盤尼西林

  • Alice: Well, we'll find out if that's the right answer later on.

    Alice:待會兒我們就會知道答案是否正確

  • Now let's listen to Dr Marianne Williams talking about why being too clean may not be a good thing.

    現在讓我們來聽Marianne Williams醫生談談為何過分清潔也許不是件好事

  • She is a dietician here in the UK.

    她是英國的一位營養學家

  • Dr Marianne Williams: For roughly the first month of life the immune system is switched

    Marianne Williams醫生:新生兒的第一個月大致上來說免疫系統是關閉的

  • off in essence and everything they [babies] get exposed to in that first month in life

    而在他們生命的第一個月所接觸的一切

  • dogs, cats, aunts, uncles, grannies, grandpas, family, dirteverything

    狗、貓、阿姨、叔叔、奶奶、爺爺、家人、灰塵,所有的一切

  • that is where they build up all the bacteria that are then going to colonize their gut in the future.

    就是他們培植所有未來進駐在腸道裡細菌的地方

  • Now, if you're born into a very sterile environment,

    現在,如果你出生在一個無菌的環境,

  • as is increasingly the case in the western world, everything's kept terribly clean,

    如同在西方國家越來越多的例子,所有的東西都保持過分潔淨,

  • and one of the theories is that we just are not getting enough exposure

    而其中的一種理論就是:在新生的第一個月的早期階段,我們並沒有足夠的時間暴露於

  • to a variety of bacteria at that very very early stage in that first month of life.

    含有大量細菌的環境當中

  • Alice: Dr Marianne Williams. The immune system is our body's defence against infection.

    Alice:Marianne Williams醫生。免疫系統是我們的身體抵抗感染的防禦機制

  • And it's switched offor not workingfor the first month of a baby's life.

    而它關閉了,或不運作了,在新生兒的第一個月

  • Neil: And through exposure to lots of things in our environmentthat's family, pets,

    Neil:透過暴露在我們環境中的東西,也就是家人、寵物

  • dirt and so onyoung babies meet different bacteria for the first time which colonise

    灰塵等等。小寶寶第一次與不同種類的、將要移植

  • or live and grow intheir guts.

    或居住並且生長在他們腸道裡的細菌相遇

  • Alice: Yes, but in a sterile environment babies don't get exposed toor don't meet

    Alice:是的,但在一個無菌的環境裡小寶寶無法接觸或者遇見

  • a wide enough variety of bacteria.

    足量的細菌

  • Sterile means completely clean and free of bacteria.

    無菌意味著全然的潔淨並且沒有細菌

  • And there's a theory that being too clean and bacteria-free

    有個理論是太乾淨或者無菌

  • now we have soap, antibiotics and better sanitation

    我們現在有香皂、抗生素和更好的公共衛生

  • has lead to an increase in allergies.

    已經引起了過敏人數的增加

  • Neil: So dirty play for babies is goodmud, pets, picking stuff up off the floor and eating it.

    Neil:所以在骯髒的環境玩耍對小寶寶是好的;泥巴、寵物、撿起掉在地上的東西並且吃掉它

  • Alice: Did you use to eat food off the floor when you were little, Neil?

    Alice:Neil,你小時候很習慣吃掉在地上的食物嗎?

  • Neil: Used to? I still do. I enjoy food from the floor!

    Neil:以前嗎?我還是呀!我愛地上的食物

  • Alice: Well, Neil, what can I say? We're both lucky to be allergy-free.

    Alice:Neil,我能說什麼呢?我們都很幸運沒過敏

  • I have a friend who has an allergy to gluten

    我有個朋友對麩質過敏

  • a protein found in wheat and some other grains

    一種在麥子或其他穀類中所發現的蛋白質

  • and she has to be very careful about what she eats so she doesn't get ill.

    而她對她吃的東西必須很小心這樣她才不會生病

  • Neil: The supermarkets are quite helpful, though, aren't they,

    Neil:即便如此,超級市場也幫得上忙,他們不是

  • with products 'free from this' and 'free from that'?

    有「這個不加」和「那個不加」的產品嗎?

  • Alice: This is helpful, yes. But the food industry is now marketing their products to

    Alice:是沒錯啦。不過食品商現在都把他們的產品推銷

  • attract consumers who don't have a provenor testedallergy.

    去吸引沒有被證實或經過測試有過敏反應的消費者群

  • Neil: Why would you buy free-from foods if you don't have a food allergy?

    Neil:你為什麼要買免於過敏的食物如果你並沒有食物過敏呢?

  • Alice: Well, people have started to believe that certain foods

    Alice:人們逐漸相信某些食物

  • like gluten or dairy are bad for us,

    像是麩質或乳製品對我們不好

  • though there isn't any medical evidence to support this.

    即使沒有任何的醫學實證支持這個說法

  • Let's hear about how rickets

    讓我們來聽聽軟骨症

  • a disease caused by a lack of Vitamin D in the diet

    一種在飲食中因缺乏維生素D所引起的疾病

  • is affecting some children in the UK.

    正如何影響在英國的某些孩童

  • This is BBC reporter Mike Williams.

    我是BBC記者Mike Williams

  • Mike Williams: Rickets is common in the developing world but this is London in the 21st century.

    Mike Williams:軟骨症在開發中國家很普遍,但這裡是21世紀的英國

  • These children aren't malnourished because they're too poor to eat well ... it's the opposite.

    這些孩子營養不良並非因為貧窮吃不起...正好相反

  • Their often middle-class parents are spending money to give them foods with ingredients taken out.

    他們中產階級的父母常常花錢提供他們消除養分的食物

  • It's as if some of us have become unnecessarily frightened of our food.

    它就好像部分的我們變得非必要地害怕我們的食物

  • Neil: Rickets usually affects malnourished childrenfrom poor countrieschildren who

    Neil:軟骨症通常影響來自貧窮國家營養不良的兒童,孩童們

  • don't have enough to eatand it makes their bones weak.

    吃不起足夠的食物,而這使他們的骨頭脆弱

  • But here in London some parents are buying their children expensive free-from foods

    然而在倫敦這裡有些家長正買給他們的孩子昂貴且免於過敏的食物

  • for example to avoid dairy

    例如避免牛奶

  • and are sometimes making them very ill.

    而且偶爾讓他們生病

  • Alice: It sounds crazy, doesn't it?

    Alice:它聽起來真是瘋狂,不是嗎?

  • Neil: Yeah... it's nuts! Get it? Nuts.

    Neil:是的...瘋了!懂了嗎?瘋子(註:英文裡,堅果和瘋子同為nuts)

  • Alice: Very good.

    Alice:非常好

  • Neil: Yes. Nuts - that means crazy. Now I think it's time for the answer to today's quiz question.

    Neil:就是啊!太瘋狂了,就是狂熱的意思。我想現在是公布測驗答案的時間了。

  • Alice: OK, then. So earlier in the show I asked:

    Alice:好的,稍早我在節目中問到:

  • What substance is used to treat a severe allergic reaction?

    「什麼物質被用來治療嚴重的過敏反應呢?」

  • Is it... a) penicillin? b) adrenalin? Or c) aspirin?

    它是...a) 盤尼西林?b) 腎上腺素?或是 c) 阿斯匹靈?

  • Neil: I said a) penicillin.

    Neil:我猜 a) 盤尼西林

  • Alice: And you were wrong, Neil! The correct answer is b) adrenalin.

    Alice:而你錯了,Neil!正確答案是b) 腎上腺素

  • An injection of adrenalin can be used to treat anaphylaxis

    注射腎上腺素能夠用來治療過敏症狀

  • or severe allergic reactions ... to insect stings,

    或是嚴重的過敏反應...例如蟲咬,

  • foods, drugs, and other allergens.

    食物、藥品到其他過敏原

  • Antibiotics such as penicillin treat bacterial infections

    像盤尼西林這樣的抗生素治療細菌感染

  • and aspirin is a painkiller you might take for a headache.

    而阿斯匹靈則是你頭痛時可能會服用的止痛藥

  • Neil: OK, can you tell us the words we heard today again please, Alice?

    Neil:好,Alice,你可以再次覆誦我們今天所聽到的單字嗎?

  • Alice: Sure. They are:

    Alice:當然。它們是:

  • allergy

    過敏

  • immune system

    免疫系統

  • switched off

    關閉

  • colonise

    移植

  • get exposed to

    暴露於...

  • sterile

    無菌的

  • gluten

    麩質

  • proven

    證實的

  • rickets

    軟骨症

  • malnourished

    營養缺乏的

  • nuts

    瘋狂的

  • anaphylaxis

    過敏症狀

  • Neil: Well, that's the end of today's 6 Minute English. Don't be afraid to join us again soon.

    Neil:那今天六分鐘英語的到了尾聲了。別怕再次加入我們

  • Alice: You know where to find us, don't you? Go to bbclearningenglish.com where you'll

    Alice:你知道哪裡能找到我們,不是嗎?就上 bbclearningenglish.com你將

  • find grammar points, vocabulary and more editions of 6 Minute English.

    可以找到文法重點、字彙以及更多集的六分鐘英語

  • Both: Bye.

    兩人:再會

Neil: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Neil:哈囉,歡迎來到六分鐘英語,我是Neil

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B2 中高級 中文 英國腔 多益 食物 細菌 腎上腺素 花生 麩質

BBC 6 Minute English January 21, 2016 - Are we afraid of food?

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    Adam Huang 發佈於 2016 年 02 月 14 日
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