B1 中級 1206 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
Eat right, exercise, don't watch too much TV, keep your brain healthy, don't smoke,
don't drink too much, don't drink too little… advice for prolonging life is everywhere,
but maybe you're not living wrong, you're just living in the wrong place.
Trace here for DNews. Getting older is inevitable and in some places
the drudgery of aging is as apparent as grey clouds rolling over a sunny day, but that's
not always the case. In his 2011 book, "The Blue Zones" Dan Buettner used census data
to find the regions of the world where people live the longest -- Okinawa, Japan; Sardinia,
Italy; Loma Linda, California; the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica… he called these areas
Blue Zones. Living in each of these "zones" have mysterious benefits: Okinawa boasts the
longest disability-free life-expectancy, and Nicoya Peninsula residents have four-times
the chance of reaching age 90 than the average American!
The research is a collection of case studies on these areas, but according to an Indian
Journal of Community Medicine review, all four of these geographically disparate "zones"
have common threads. The big takeaways: Low-intensity physical activity; building good relationships;
Eating a diet lighter on meat and excess calories and heavier on plants; and Finding a purpose
for and sense of meaning in your life.
The lifestyles in each of the areas forced senior citizens to live in such a way that
they got all these benefits. For example, Buettner told NPR, "Okinawans sat on the floor;
Sardinians lived in vertical houses," et cetera, keeping them mildly-active all the time. Okinawans
eat 300 grams of vegetables a day and practice hara hachi bu, they never eat to more than
80 percent full. And each group keeps up their involvement in their community! The Sardinians
value advice and regular communication with their elders. And even the little things matter,
like Costa Ricans build a garden year after year… giving structure, purpose and meaning to their lives.
Not everyone in Blue Zones run marathons or hits the gym every day, but they do maintain
this low-level healthy lifestyle with activity and social involvement, and tons of scientific
studies support that strategy! Honestly, it sounds lovely. But c'mon, where's the HARD
SCIENCE?
Firstly, diets with low levels of meat intake, and high levels of vegetables are all supported
by tons of research as the healthiest choices, but you should also eat nuts, berries, and
some complex carbs. The Mediterranean diet, practiced by the Sardinians, is exactly that
-- and studies show it decreases instances of cardiovascular disease and cancer and increases
longevity.
But it's not just diet. According to a review in Science, study after study finds people
who are happier live longer, and have better health. In one, people who were happier lived
almost seven years longer -- and presumably, they were happy to do so! And staying happy
is heavily connected to our social well-being. A meta-study in PLos Medicine of 308,000 people
found: relationships with friends help us deal with stress, encourage healthy behaviors,
influence us to take better care of ourselves, and provide meaning to our lives! And that,
the study found, had a measurable effect on longevity.
Separately, studies of the Okinawan specifically, found a rare genetic phenotype exists there
at twice the rate of other populations. These genes may affect cardiovascular functions,
insulin signaling, immunoinflammatory response, and stress resistance; dramatically increasing
their longevity.
Studies throughout scientific literature find that living like these people can help all
humans create long, happy lives. And they’ve shown that longevity is a combination of genetic,
social and environmental factors! Point being, you don't have to live in these places to
get these benefits.
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

【新聞時事】長壽地區 (Where In The World Do People Live The Longest?)

1206 分類 收藏
richardwang 發佈於 2016 年 1 月 28 日    Su Kids 翻譯    Kristi Yang 審核
看更多推薦影片
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔