中級 美國腔 21812 分類 收藏
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On November 7th, 2015 the leaders of China and Taiwan came together in the first head
of state meeting since the 1949 Communist Revolution. Their complicated split has caused
an endless series of problems, the most serious of which is the threat of China annexing Taiwan
as its own. So we wanted to know, what would happen if China and Taiwan went to war?
Well, it’s important to understand why China is set on reunifying with Taiwan. The 1949
Revolution forced the standing Chinese government to retreat onto the island of Taiwan, while
communist forces took over mainland China, establishing the present day People’s Republic
of China. Meanwhile, the retreated government in Taiwan maintained that THEY were still
the legitimate government of China.
Today, the primary question surrounding Taiwan's future is whether it will establish itself
as an independent cultural and political identity from China, or if mainland China will forcefully
reunify Taiwan into the People’s Republic. This emphasis on reunification is even in
China’s constitution. It states that Taiwan is part of China, and that all Chinese people
have a duty to reunify the two. On the other hand, Taiwan’s constitution prohibits changing
the country’s borders without legislative support and a public referendum. Tensions
were flared most recently in 2005, when China passed an “anti-secession law” promising
to use “non-peaceful means” to ensure that Taiwan not seek independence.
So what would happen if China decided to use those “non-peaceful means” to force occupy
Taiwan and, in their eyes, “reclaim it”? Well, in terms of pure military alone, to
say it is no contest would be an understatement. Taiwan’s military ranks about 15th worldwide,
on par with Canada. But China has the third most powerful military in the world, with
nearly 5 million active troops compared to Taiwan’s roughly 3 million. Moreover, China
blows Taiwan away in their total number of military equipment like ships, planes and
tanks. Perhaps China’s biggest advantage is financial, as they spend about 15 times
as much as Taiwan on defense, roughly 145 billion dollars a year.
But despite China’s military superiority, Taiwan may have a secret weapon: the United
States. Now, it is important to note that technically, the US does not support Taiwanese
independence. But they also oppose further Chinese aggression in the region. When the
United States switched allegiances in 1979, from recognizing Taiwan as the legitimate
China to recognizing mainland China, they formed a diplomatic agreement with Taiwan.
In the Taiwan Relations Act, the US effectively promises to provide military equipment to
protect Taiwan, and to date, the US is Taiwan’s largest arms supplier. During Barack Obama’s
term, the US sold Taiwan nearly 20 billion dollars worth of weapons. While there is no
DIRECT mutual defense treaty with Taiwan, it would not be uncharacteristic for the US
to help Taiwan in the face of unwarranted aggression.
Luckily, as evidenced by the recent head of state meeting, relations between Taiwan and
China have been improving. Cooperation in transportation, communication, and commerce
have brought them closer together, making it considerably less likely that China launches
an invasion. With the uncertainty of American involvement, it would be a risky move.
If you want a more in-depth look at the full history behind why Taiwan and China hate each
other, check out our video. Thanks for checking out TestTube News! If you haven’t subscribed
to our channel yet, make sure to do so below so you don’t miss out on our new videos.
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【新聞時事】如果中國和台灣發生戰爭?(What if China and Taiwan Went To War?)

21812 分類 收藏
richardwang 發佈於 2017 年 1 月 12 日   Sh, Gang (Aaron) 翻譯   Kristi Yang 審核

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China and Taiwan are creating new bridges after a rocky history. But what would happen if their relations went sour?

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