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Hello, my name is Ronnie. I am going to teach you some English.
It's going to be great.It's going to be easy, I think. Something that a lot of you have difficulty with in English
is nouns, verbs, adjectives, and all those other crazy, crazy things we have in English.
I'm going to teach you two tricks that will help you, when you are trying to figure out
if a word is a verb or a noun, or when to use a verb. Is it a noun? Do what? So
today's lesson is the birth of a noun. You are going to take a verb, it's going to do some magical things,
and by the end of the lesson it is going to become a noun, so birth of a noun.
How to change a verb to a noun, the first thing we are going to do is have a look at
the verbs. We have the verb "employ, develop, move, judge, advertise, and establish."
"Employ" do you know what that verb means? Have you heard that word, "employ, employ?" It means
use or work.
The next one we have is "develop;" if you "develop" something it basically means you help to grow.
The next one is "move." I am moving my right hand, but not my left hand. That would cause much problem.
The next one is "judge." There's a noun of "judge" and also a verb of "judge." To
"judge" something means to give your opinion.
The next one is "advertise." The "s" and the "zed" the pronunciation is the same. Don't worry.
"Advertise" means to tell something, usually you do it for money. You "advertise" something on a website,
or you advertise on TV to get a product, to make you money.
The next one is "establish, establish means to make something. So, what we're going to do,
two tricks. The first trick is we're going to take these verbs, and we are going to add
four letters to make it a noun. The letters are "m-e-n-t."
So we have the verb "employ." The noun changes to "employment." Did you just say mint and not m-e-n-t?
I did, English pronunciation is difficult. In English we don't say employment,
we actually say it like this word, "m-i-n-t." Like a breath mint. So all of these words
you must spell with "m-e-n-t," but your pronunciation is going to be "m-i-n-t," like "mint, employment."
The next one we have is a "development." "Employment" means job. "Development," we use it to mean
an area that has been "developed." You could use it to say it's a building; this is a "development" of this country, or a building of a company.
"Move," we have the noun of movement. "Move, move," not "move, move," do you know why I got distracted?
Because, I was thinking of a Bob Marley song that's called "A Movement of the People,"
"movement of the people." If anyone is a Bob Marley fan out there.
"Movement" of people is a good way to remember what this word means. "Movement" basically
means a group of people who try and change something in society, so a "movement" is a
group of people.
The next one is "judge, judgment." It means the same, the noun, and the verb. You give
your opinion of something. "Advertisement," an "advertisement" you will see on the subway.
You will see everywhere you go, everywhere you look. In the world,
people are trying to sell you something in an "advertisement." We usually shorten the word, and just call
it an "ad."
Next one is "establish," changes to "establishment." For some reason I don't like the word "establishment."
"Establishment" means something that has been "established." We usually use it in the form
of government or politics; it can also mean a place like a restaurant. I like restaurants.
The next trick, trick number one is you take the verb you change it to a noun using "m-e-n-t"
or "m-i-n-t" "employment." Fast word. The next one is this word, "act."
The other way to make a verb into a noun is to add "i-o-n." So when you look at this word,
it looks like "act on, act-i-on. No, once again English pronunciation is very strange,
and it's actually said "action" or "ac-sh-in" So, I would say this word action. Some people
might say "action," but that would be a French-Canadian accent, so that would be wrong.
So you say "action."
The next one, "inspire." Do you know what inspire means? It's a verb. It means to influence someone usually in a positive way.
So, maybe you have a teacher or someone in your life that
"inspires you." It means you look at them and go, "Wow that person's cool. I want to
be like that person." So "inspire" as a noun will change to inspiration.
This one we have to change a little bit, but we are still adding the "i-o-n" at the end of the verb,
so "inspire" changed to "inspiration." The next word is "protect." "Protect" means
you guard or care for something. To change this you are going to add the "i-o-n" and
it's going to become "protection - protect-shin."
And I think I'm going to save the best for last here. "Destroy," so you look at this
and you go "act/ action, inspire/ inspiration, protect/ protection, destroy/ destroy- ion?"
Destroy- ion, not a word. What are you doing? "Destroy-ion" is not a word. For some reason
we want to change this word into a noun, we use a different verb.
We are going to take the word "destroy" as a noun, and we change it to
..."destruction." The verb changes a little bit. The spelling changes the meaning is the same, to "destroy"
something means to completely ruin it, so it's no longer there, and then we have the noun "destruction."
If you would like some more "instruction" go to www.engvid.com. Bye.
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【英文文法】教你怎麼將「動詞」轉為「名詞」使用!(中英字幕) (How to change a verb into a noun!)

14820 分類 收藏
ian02024 發佈於 2015 年 9 月 16 日    陳美瑩 翻譯    Mandy Lin 審核
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