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  • Last year, the Pew Research center reported that the income gap in the United States

    皮尤研究中心 (美國獨立民調機構) 去年發表了美國的薪資差異報告

  • It's between the middle and upper class was the largest on record.

    薪資差在中產與上層階級間已突破過去紀錄

  • The wealth owned by just the topzero point-one percentwas equivalent to the wealth of the bottom 90 percent.

    前 0.1 %人口的財富已相當於後 90 %人口的總財富

  • Many economic analysts and politicians have lamented the decline of the middle class, and petition for its growth.

    經濟與政治學者對中產階級的沒落感到惋惜,並祈求他們能成長

  • So why does the middle class matter? Well, to begin with, let’s define the middle class.

    為什麼中產階級很重要呢? 首先,我們先來定義中產階級

  • The term is so nebulous that it seems to apply to almost everyone.

    這個詞太模糊了,好像所有人都是中產階級一樣

  • The New York Times and the American Enterprise Institute

    紐約時報與美國企業研究院

  • use the income bracket between 35 thousand to 100 thousand dollars a year.

    他們將中產階級歸類為年薪在 3.5~10 萬美金的人

  • But a 2012 Pew study reports that even people below and above these boundaries

    但 2012 年皮尤研究中心指出,有些低於或超出這個年薪水準的人

  • consider themselves a part of the middle class - depending on where they live and how many dependents they have.

    也自認是中產階級的一員,這取決於生活環境及所撫養的人數

  • According to the US Census Bureau’s most recent data,

    據美國人口調查局最近的資料顯示

  • the nation’s median annual income is about 50 thousand dollars.

    美國家庭的年收入中間值大概落在 5 萬美元左右

  • Because there are so many that fall into the middle class category, they wield significant political and economic power.

    由於許多人被歸類為中產,中產階級擁有重大的政經影響力

  • Politicians often make promises to the middle class during election campaigns.

    政客時常在選舉期間對中產階級開承諾支票

  • In the President’s 2015 State of the Union address,

    2015 年發表的國情咨文裡 (美國總統每年國會聯席會議上發表的報告)

  • he made sweeping commitments to the middle class, pledging tax cuts and more social programs.

    總統向中產階級保證減稅,且承諾更多的社會計畫

  • He vowed to close tax code loopholes for corporations and thesuper rich”.

    他誓言修補稅法漏洞,防止企業與富人鑽漏洞

  • The middle class has significant buying power throughout America.

    中產階級在全美的購買力相當高

  • The financial security of towns and cities, depends on local businesses,

    鄉鎮與城市的財政安全依靠當地的經濟

  • which in turn, depends primarily on middle class patronage.

    而當地的經濟主要又倚靠中產階級

  • Restaurants, movie theatres, shopping malls - these all depend on the customers with disposable income.

    餐廳、電影院、賣場全都倚靠這些可自由運用薪資的中產客戶們

  • And yet, the middle class is shrinking. It’s been in decline since the 70s.

    但是中產階級正在萎縮,從七零年代就開始衰退

  • That was when the Post-World War II industries of Europe and Asia caught back up with the United States.

    在二戰後歐亞工業趕上美國之時

  • Companies began outsourcing labor to cheap foreign nations.

    美國公司開始向國外購買便宜的勞力

  • American factories, which once gave high-paying jobs to workers with just a high-school education, are all but extinct.

    曾經以高薪雇用低學歷勞工的工廠通通消失了

  • The American automobile industry, which employed hundreds of thousands of Americans fifty years ago,

    五十年前,曾雇用成千上萬名美國勞工的汽車工業

  • was near bankruptcy in the late 2000s.

    在 2000 年代後期接近破產

  • Pew reports that the aggregate wealth claimed by the middle class in 2010 was 45%, while in 1970, it was 62%.

    皮尤研究指出 2010 年中產階級的資產額佔當時總資產的 45%,而1970年時則是 62%

  • The middle class is also a critically important ladder of social mobility.

    中產階級對社會的流動也是個關鍵的途徑

  • The Pew Charitable Trust, a public policy organization, reports that without the middle class, the American Dream may be unattainable.

    公共政策組織皮尤公益信託表示,沒有中產階級的話,美國夢就遙不可及

  • Perhaps that’s why President Obama has been fighting for social programs

    也許這就是為什麼歐巴馬總統要捍衛社會計畫

  • that protect the middle and lower classes - programs like Medicare, and Free Community College.

    以保護中產與下層階級,計畫包括聯邦醫療保險及免費社區大學

  • However, with much of the American political system composed of, and influenced by, the wealthy elite

    但由於美國政治體系多由上流階級組成及控制

  • - the gap between rich and poor is likely to increase in the coming years.

    未來富人與窮人間的差距應該會增加

  • Want to know just how rich the top 1% really are?

    想知道這前百分之一的人有多有錢嗎?

  • Check out this awesome visualization from our friends at AJ+.

    請看我們的朋友在 AJ+ 的精彩解析

  • Thanks for watching TestTube,

    感謝您收看 TestTube

  • make sure to subscribe by clicking the box below, or the link in the description!

    請點下方的方框或資訊裡的連結以訂閱我們的頻道

Last year, the Pew Research center reported that the income gap in the United States

皮尤研究中心 (美國獨立民調機構) 去年發表了美國的薪資差異報告

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 中產階級 美國 薪資 倚靠 發表 富人

中產階級有多強大?(How Powerful Is The Middle Class?)

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    羅紹桀 發佈於 2016 年 04 月 05 日
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