中級 美國腔 86162 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
How do you decide what to remember? I actually don't remember. I was hoping that you did.
No? Well, that's some medulla oblong garbage.
Hey folks, Matt Lieberman here for DNews. Our brains are capable of storing enormous amounts of information,
so why do we often feel like our brains prioritize the wrong things when it comes to long-term memory?
Every Monday on DNews, we answer your questions,
and Yash Bharti wants to know: "Why do I remember something that happened four years earlier
but I don't remember what I ate last night for dinner?" Good question!
Well, according to computational neuroscientist Paul King, our brains prioritize memory creation
and storage based on what we subconsciously determine as useful for our long-term survival,
to which I respond, okay, that's all fine and good, but why did my brain remember several
names of Scooby-Doo episodes and nothing I learned in algebra?
I can't imagine a situation where my life will be saved by namechecking Jeepers, It's the Creeper or Go Away, Ghost Ship.
Well, your brain has no way of knowing what types of information will be useful in the future,
so it has a variety of criteria to determine what to hold on to.
First, your brain is really great at noticing patterns. Repeated facts, sights, sounds,
and experiences must all be examined to determine whether they're worth remembering or if they should fade from perception.
In addition, your brain prioritizes moments or facts presented earlier,
as they dictate what's to come, and whatever happened most recently,
as it's often the most relevant to your current situation. That's why most presentations begin and end with a summary of key points.
However, the element of surprise may be even more powerful than that.
A shocking or unpredictable outcome greatly increases retention,
which is why you remember more about last season of Game of Thrones than you do about where you left your keys.
I mean, unless you left them in the fridge. That would be incredibly surprising.
Unless you're a sitcom characters, I think that only happens in fake life.
On top of that, the brain also holds onto memories and thoughts that offer a strong emotional impact.
Moments of extreme joy, sadness, or anger, for example,
will always be easier to recall than clinical or boring moments, even if they're valuable for your continued success at work or school.
Finally and perhaps most significantly, your brain pays very close attention to moments and decisions that lead to positive and negative outcomes.
So Yash, maybe you can't recall what you ate last night for dinner because it was simply unremarkable.
If it had been incredible or god awful, that meal would've left a strong impression on you, and would dictate your future behavior.
Outside of those criteria, your brain decides what to hold onto through another method, called consolidation.
So, what's consolidation? Let's say you've just learned how to drive a car.
Every time you access the memories associated with your driving skills,
a.k.a. every time you get behind the wheel of a car, the neuronal connections to those specific memories
get stronger, making them that much harder to forget.
Sleep has been shown to be vital to the consolidation of memories.
While sleeping, the brain processes subconsciously learned information into tangible knowledge for later use.
So if you really want to hold onto your memories and skills, go get a good night's sleep.
So now we want to hear from you: What's seemingly the most useless thing that you remember?
Let us know down in the comments and keep the questions coming, too.
We might answer them in another video.
    您必須登入才有此功能
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

為什麼大事記不住,小事卻記得很清楚 (中英字幕) (Why Do You Remember Dumb Stuff But Forget Important Stuff?)

86162 分類 收藏
Jeng-Lan Lee 發佈於 2017 年 5 月 5 日   釉子 翻譯   James 審核

影片簡介

展開內容
記得連續劇中的人名跟情節,但是卻背不出數學公式或是英文單字拼法嗎?明明就覺得背單字比較重要,但是為什麼我們的大腦總是優先記住一些似乎無關緊要的事呢?這部影片告訴你你的大腦怎麼篩選要優先記哪些事!

1
medulla oblongarbage0:05
大家在字典裡一定查不到這個字,因為它其實是 medulla oblongatagarbage 合在一起的複合字!

medulla oblongata 就是我們的「延腦」,腦幹的一部份,而這邊的 garbage 指的就是「很廢、很蠢的事」。所以影片中想要表達的就是,你如果記不得一些該記得的事情,就是因為延腦搞的鬼!而英文中如果說 "This is garbage." 的話指的就是「這是很廢的一件事」。

2
prioritize0:19
影片中的句子是 "So why do we feel like our brains prioritize the wrong things..." 的意思是「我們覺得我們的大腦把優先順序搞錯」,所以 prioritize 就是「把...優先考慮」的意思。

常用的相關片語、字彙還有 prior to (在...之前)、 priority (優先權)。像是捷運上的博愛座英文就是 priority seat ,國外也有 priority seating 這樣的用法。
Prior to becoming a race car driver, Mike was actually a lawyer.
在 Mike 成為賽車手之前,他曾經是個律師。


*同場加映
每天被時間追著跑嗎?快來看時間管理三大步驟!



3
subconsciously0:39
subconscious 是我們的「潛意識」, sub- 這個字首的意思是「下面」、「副」。像是 submarine (下面 + 海洋 = 潛水艇)、subway (下面 + 通道 = 地下鐵)。而 conscious 當形容詞時是「有意識的」,當名詞則是「意識」,因此 subconscious 就是以字面上來說是下面的意識,也就是「潛意識」的意思。


4
criteria0:58
criteria 指的是「標準、準則」,criteriacriterion 的名詞複數,所以要注意 criteria 本身就已經是複數了,不可以再加上 s 唷!
He's been working hard to have all the documents prepared in order to meet the selection criteria for applying jobs.
他很認真的備齊各種資料為了要達到申請工作的標準。


*同場加映
【新聞時事】哪些國家有最好的教育?


5
sitcom1:40
sitcomsituation comedy 的縮寫,直翻就是「情境喜劇」。 sitcom 是一種喜劇的形式,通常是以影集、連續劇的方式呈現。通常有固定的主演陣容,並且固定在一個或多個場景中演出。美國的 sitcom 一集通常是 30 分鐘,跟 soap opera 或是 drama 比起來時間較短,比較像是串場的小喜劇節目。像是美國的 Friends, Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory 都可以被歸類為 sitcom

*同場加映
【六人行精彩片段】新年新希望半途而廢的瑞秋 (Friends:The One With All The Resolutions)



6
a.k.a.2:28
這是英文很常用的一個縮寫,代表 also known as ,意思是「也叫...」、「也就是」。有很多種寫法, akaa.k.a.AKAA.K.A. 都可以。

英文常常會有縮寫的情況,今天小編幫大家介紹一下除了 LOLLMAO 這些表達情緒的網路常用縮寫之外,日常生活也常看到的英文縮寫吧!

brb:be right back 「馬上回來」
atm:at the moment 「此時此刻」
pm:private message 「私人訊息」
tbh:to be honest 「老實說」
nvm:never mind 「沒關係」
ttyl:talk to you later 「等會兒聊」

看完之後有沒有對大腦的運作更了解了呢?希望大家都能順利把該記的東西記起來喔!

影片學習單字重點

loading
看更多推薦影片

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢

    在字幕上選取單字即可即時查詢單字喔!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔