中級 美國腔 90443 分類 收藏
How do you decide what to remember? I actually don't remember. I was hoping that you did.
No? Well, that's some medulla oblong garbage.
Hey folks, Matt Lieberman here for DNews. Our brains are capable of storing enormous amounts of information,
so why do we often feel like our brains prioritize the wrong things when it comes to long-term memory?
Every Monday on DNews, we answer your questions,
and Yash Bharti wants to know: "Why do I remember something that happened four years earlier
but I don't remember what I ate last night for dinner?" Good question!
Well, according to computational neuroscientist Paul King, our brains prioritize memory creation
and storage based on what we subconsciously determine as useful for our long-term survival,
to which I respond, okay, that's all fine and good, but why did my brain remember several
names of Scooby-Doo episodes and nothing I learned in algebra?
I can't imagine a situation where my life will be saved by namechecking Jeepers, It's the Creeper or Go Away, Ghost Ship.
Well, your brain has no way of knowing what types of information will be useful in the future,
so it has a variety of criteria to determine what to hold on to.
First, your brain is really great at noticing patterns. Repeated facts, sights, sounds,
and experiences must all be examined to determine whether they're worth remembering or if they should fade from perception.
In addition, your brain prioritizes moments or facts presented earlier,
as they dictate what's to come, and whatever happened most recently,
as it's often the most relevant to your current situation. That's why most presentations begin and end with a summary of key points.
However, the element of surprise may be even more powerful than that.
A shocking or unpredictable outcome greatly increases retention,
which is why you remember more about last season of Game of Thrones than you do about where you left your keys.
I mean, unless you left them in the fridge. That would be incredibly surprising.
Unless you're a sitcom characters, I think that only happens in fake life.
On top of that, the brain also holds onto memories and thoughts that offer a strong emotional impact.
Moments of extreme joy, sadness, or anger, for example,
will always be easier to recall than clinical or boring moments, even if they're valuable for your continued success at work or school.
Finally and perhaps most significantly, your brain pays very close attention to moments and decisions that lead to positive and negative outcomes.
So Yash, maybe you can't recall what you ate last night for dinner because it was simply unremarkable.
If it had been incredible or god awful, that meal would've left a strong impression on you, and would dictate your future behavior.
Outside of those criteria, your brain decides what to hold onto through another method, called consolidation.
So, what's consolidation? Let's say you've just learned how to drive a car.
Every time you access the memories associated with your driving skills,
a.k.a. every time you get behind the wheel of a car, the neuronal connections to those specific memories
get stronger, making them that much harder to forget.
Sleep has been shown to be vital to the consolidation of memories.
While sleeping, the brain processes subconsciously learned information into tangible knowledge for later use.
So if you really want to hold onto your memories and skills, go get a good night's sleep.
So now we want to hear from you: What's seemingly the most useless thing that you remember?
Let us know down in the comments and keep the questions coming, too.
We might answer them in another video.



為什麼大事記不住,小事卻記得很清楚 (Why Do You Remember Dumb Stuff But Forget Important Stuff?)

90443 分類 收藏
Jeng-Lan Lee 發佈於 2017 年 5 月 5 日    釉子 翻譯    James 審核



medulla oblongarbage0:05
大家在字典裡一定查不到這個字,因為它其實是 medulla oblongatagarbage 合在一起的複合字!

medulla oblongata 就是我們的「延腦」,腦幹的一部份,而這邊的 garbage 指的就是「很廢、很蠢的事」。所以影片中想要表達的就是,你如果記不得一些該記得的事情,就是因為延腦搞的鬼!而英文中如果說 "This is garbage." 的話指的就是「這是很廢的一件事」。

影片中的句子是 "So why do we feel like our brains prioritize the wrong things..." 的意思是「我們覺得我們的大腦把優先順序搞錯」,所以 prioritize 就是「把...優先考慮」的意思。

常用的相關片語、字彙還有 prior to (在...之前)、 priority (優先權)。像是捷運上的博愛座英文就是 priority seat ,國外也有 priority seating 這樣的用法。
Prior to becoming a race car driver, Mike was actually a lawyer.
在 Mike 成為賽車手之前,他曾經是個律師。


subconscious 是我們的「潛意識」, sub- 這個字首的意思是「下面」、「副」。像是 submarine (下面 + 海洋 = 潛水艇)、subway (下面 + 通道 = 地下鐵)。而 conscious 當形容詞時是「有意識的」,當名詞則是「意識」,因此 subconscious 就是以字面上來說是下面的意識,也就是「潛意識」的意思。

criteria 指的是「標準、準則」,criteriacriterion 的名詞複數,所以要注意 criteria 本身就已經是複數了,不可以再加上 s 唷!
He's been working hard to have all the documents prepared in order to meet the selection criteria for applying jobs.


sitcomsituation comedy 的縮寫,直翻就是「情境喜劇」。 sitcom 是一種喜劇的形式,通常是以影集、連續劇的方式呈現。通常有固定的主演陣容,並且固定在一個或多個場景中演出。美國的 sitcom 一集通常是 30 分鐘,跟 soap opera 或是 drama 比起來時間較短,比較像是串場的小喜劇節目。像是美國的 Friends, Two and a Half Men, The Big Bang Theory 都可以被歸類為 sitcom

【六人行精彩片段】新年新希望半途而廢的瑞秋 (Friends:The One With All The Resolutions)

這是英文很常用的一個縮寫,代表 also known as ,意思是「也叫...」、「也就是」。有很多種寫法, akaa.k.a.AKAA.K.A. 都可以。

英文常常會有縮寫的情況,今天小編幫大家介紹一下除了 LOLLMAO 這些表達情緒的網路常用縮寫之外,日常生活也常看到的英文縮寫吧!

brb:be right back 「馬上回來」
atm:at the moment 「此時此刻」
pm:private message 「私人訊息」
tbh:to be honest 「老實說」
nvm:never mind 「沒關係」
ttyl:talk to you later 「等會兒聊」





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