中級 美國腔 17619 分類 收藏
開始影片後,點擊或框選字幕可以立即查詢單字
字庫載入中…
回報字幕錯誤
When I was nine years old,
my mom asked me what I would want my house to look like,
and I drew this fairy mushroom.
And then she actually built it.
(Laughter)
I don't think I realized this was so unusual at the time,
and maybe I still haven't,
because I'm still designing houses.
This is a six-story bespoke home on the island of Bali.
It's built almost entirely from bamboo.
The living room overlooks the valley from the fourth floor.
You enter the house by a bridge.
It can get hot in the tropics,
so we make big curving roofs to catch the breezes.
But some rooms have tall windows to keep the air conditioning in
and the bugs out.
This room we left open.
We made an air-conditioned, tented bed.
And one client wanted a TV room in the corner of her living room.
Boxing off an area with tall walls just didn't feel right,
so instead, we made this giant woven pod.
Now, we do have all the necessary luxuries, like bathrooms.
This one is a basket in the corner of the living room,
and I've got tell you, some people actually hesitate to use it.
We have not quite figured out our acoustic insulation.
(Laughter)
So there are lots of things that we're still working on,
but one thing I have learned
is that bamboo will treat you well if you use it right.
It's actually a wild grass.
It grows on otherwise unproductive land --
deep ravines, mountainsides.
It lives off of rainwater, spring water, sunlight,
and of the 1,450 species of bamboo that grow across the world,
we use just seven of them.
That's my dad.
He's the one who got me building with bamboo,
and he is standing in a clump of Dendrocalamus asper niger
that he planted just seven years ago.
Each year, it sends up a new generation of shoots.
That shoot, we watched it grow a meter in three days just last week,
so we're talking about sustainable timber in three years.
Now, we harvest from hundreds of family-owned clumps.
Betung, as we call it, it's really long,
up to 18 meters of usable length.
Try getting that truck down the mountain.
And it's strong: it has the tensile strength of steel,
the compressive strength of concrete.
Slam four tons straight down on a pole,and it can take it.
Because it's hollow, it's lightweight,
light enough to be lifted by just a few men,
or, apparently, one woman.
(Laughter) (Applause)
And when my father built Green School in Bali,
he chose bamboo for all of the buildings on campus,
because he saw it as a promise.
It's a promise to the kids.
It's one sustainable material that they will not run out of.
And when I first saw these structures under construction about six years ago,
I just thought, this makes perfect sense.
It is growing all around us.
It's strong. It's elegant. It's earthquake-resistant.
Why hasn't this happened sooner, and what can we do with it next?
So along with some of the original builders of Green School,
I founded Ibuku.
Ibu means "mother," and ku means "mine," so it represents my Mother Earth,
and at Ibuku, we are a team of artisans, architects and designers,
and what we're doing together is creating a new way of building.
Over the past five years together,
we have built over 50 unique structures, most of them in Bali.
Nine of them are at Green Village --
you've just seen inside some of these homes --
and we fill them with bespoke furniture,
we surround them with veggie gardens,
we would love to invite you all to come visit someday.
And while you're there, you can also see Green School --
we keep building classrooms there each year --
as well as an updated fairy mushroom house.
We're also working on a little house for export.
This is a traditional Sumbanese home that we replicated,
right down to the details and textiles.
A restaurant with an open-air kitchen.
It looks a lot like a kitchen, right?
And a bridge that spans 22 meters across a river.
Now, what we're doing, it's not entirely new.
From little huts to elaborate bridges like this one in Java,
bamboo has been in use across the tropical regions of the world for literally tens of thousands of years.
There are islands and even continents that were first reached by bamboo rafts.
But until recently,
it was almost impossible to reliably protect bamboo from insects,
and so, just about everything that was ever built out of bamboo is gone.
Unprotected bamboo weathers.
Untreated bamboo gets eaten to dust.
And so that's why most people, especially in Asia, think that
you couldn't be poor enough or rural enough to actually want to live in a bamboo house.
And so we thought,
what will it take to change their minds, to convince people that
that bamboo is worth building with, much less worth aspiring to?
First, we needed safe treatment solutions.
Borax is a natural salt.
It turns bamboo into a viable building material.
Treat it properly, design it carefully,
and a bamboo structure can last a lifetime.
Second, build something extraordinary out of it. Inspire people.
Fortunately, Balinese culture fosters craftsmanship. It values the artisan.
So combine those with the adventurous outliers
from new generations of locally trained architects and designers and engineers,
and always remember that you are designing
for curving, tapering, hollow poles.
No two poles alike, no straight lines, no two-by-fours here.
The tried-and-true, well-crafted formulas and vocabulary of architecture do not apply here.
We have had to invent our own rules.
We ask the bamboo what it's good at, what it wants to become,
and what it says is: respect it, design for its strengths,
protect it from water, and to make the most of its curves.
So we design in real 3D,
making scale structural models
out of the same material that we'll later use to build the house.
And bamboo model-making, it's an art,
as well as some hardcore engineering.
So that's the blueprint of the house.
(Laughter)
And we bring it to site,
and with tiny rulers, we measure each pole,
and consider each curve, and we choose a piece of bamboo from the pile
to replicate that house on site.
When it comes down to the details, we consider everything.
Why are doors so often rectangular?
Why not round?
How could you make a door better?
Well, its hinges battle with gravity,
and gravity will always win in the end,
so why not have it pivot on the center where it can stay balanced?
And while you're at it, why not doors shaped like teardrops?
To reap the selective benefits and work within the constraints of this material,
we have really had to push ourselves,
and within that constraint, we have found space for something new.
It's a challenge, how do you make a ceiling if you don't have any flat boards to work with?
Let me tell you, sometimes I dream of sheet rock and plywood.
(Laughter)
But if what you've got is skilled craftsmen
and itsy bitsy little splits,
weave that ceiling together,
stretch a canvas over it, lacquer it.
How do you design durable kitchen countertops
that do justice to this curving structure you've just built?
Slice up a boulder like a loaf of bread,
hand-carve each to fit the other,
leave the crusts on,
and what we're doing, it is almost entirely handmade.
The structural connections of our buildings are reinforced by steel joints,
but we use a lot of hand-whittled bamboo pins.
There are thousands of pins in each floor.
This floor is made of glossy and durable bamboo skin.
You can feel the texture under bare feet.
And the floor that you walk on, can it affect the way that you walk?
Can it change the footprint that you'll ultimately leave on the world?
I remember being nine years old
and feeling wonder, and possibility,
and a little bit of idealism.
And we've got a really long way to go,
there's a lot left to learn,
but one thing I know is that with creativity and commitment,
you can create beauty and comfort
and safety and even luxury
out of a material that will grow back.
Thank you.
(Applause)
    您必須登入才有此功能
提示:點選文章或是影片下面的字幕單字,可以直接快速翻譯喔!

載入中…

載入中…

超美!你絕對沒看過的竹子製神奇豪宅! Elora Hardy: Magical houses, made of bamboo

17619 分類 收藏
Katiee 發佈於 2016 年 1 月 7 日   YSI 翻譯   Flora Peng 審核

影片簡介

創意建築師Elora Hardy小時候就開始做著建築夢,長大後也努力成為了一位超棒建築師,她率領著他的團隊,在峇里島建造出超美的竹製房屋,內部空間利用以及裝潢真的讓人歎為觀止!

覺得TED演講很難理解嗎?免費線上試用 Englishtown 課程,讓你在家彷彿就在國外一樣,能跟世界各國的朋友們練習英文對話。不必去補習班花大錢,每堂課只要NT75元,讓您輕鬆無負擔。這麼好的機會,你千萬別錯過,點選以下圖片,立即體驗免費課程吧!
▼點擊下圖,立即瞭解詳情▼

影片學習單字重點

loading

影片討論

載入中…
  1. 1. 單字查詢佳句收藏

    選取單字或佳句,可即時查詢字典及收藏!

  2. 2. 單句重複播放

    可重複聽取一句單句,加強聽力!

  3. 3. 使用快速鍵

    使用影片快速鍵,讓學習更有效率!

  4. 4. 關閉語言字幕

    進階版練習可關閉字幕純聽英文哦!

  5. 5. 內嵌播放器

    可以將英文字幕學習播放器內嵌到部落格等地方喔

  6. 6. 展開播放器

    可隱藏右方全文及字典欄位,觀看影片更舒適!

  1. 英文聽力測驗

    挑戰字幕英文聽力測驗!

  1. 點擊展開筆記本讓你看的更舒服

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔