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  • The following video is part of a series of videos being produced by ONPHA to provide

  • general information about various building components and the preventive maintenance

  • that should be undertaken to maintain them.

  • Carrying out regular, ongoing preventive maintenance on all components and systems on your property

  • is important, whether it is a large multi-residential development or a small site with only a few

  • units. It's a known fact that having a preventive maintenance plan in place is, over the long

  • run, more cost effective than making repairs as components fail.

  • The equipment that collectively forms the fire safety system in your building is one

  • of the most crucial building systems you have. It protects not only the people that live

  • in your building, but also the building itself.

  • In this video, we will examine the basic components of a multi residential building's fire safety

  • system and review the ongoing maintenance necessary to comply with legislation and ensure

  • a safe environment.

  • Your building's life safety components must function when they are needed, and therefore

  • must be inspected and tested on a prescribed basis.

  • The most common elements of a building's fire protection and life safety systems are:

  • Emergency Lighting & Exit Signs, to assist in evacuating your building in case of emergency

  • or fire

  • Portable Fire Extinguishers, to enable properly trained staff to extinguish a fire right after

  • it starts

  • Fire Alarm and Emergency Voice Communication Systems, to announce a fire condition and

  • facilitate communication between staff, the fire department, and tenants

  • Automatic Sprinkler Systems, to suppress fires before the fire department arrives on site

  • Smoke Detectors, to assist in the early detection of fires

  • Carbon Monoxide Detectors, to alert tenants to the presence of deadly gases; and

  • Emergency Power Systems or Generators, to provide emergency power in case of a power

  • outage due to fire.

  • The fire safety equipment in your building is covered by the Fire Protection and Prevention

  • Act (FPPA). Among other things, this act grants fire officials the power to enter premises

  • to fight fires, and to inspect premises for compliance with fire prevention regulations.

  • Landlords must also comply with The Ontario Fire Code, which is the regulation under the

  • Act.

  • Residential Buildings in Ontario are also required to prepare and implement a Fire Safety

  • Plan as part of their legal compliance. A Fire Safety plan is a document that outlines

  • the evacuation procedures unique to your building. A proper Fire Safety Plan must also:

  • Be approved by the Chief Fire Official at the local fire department

  • Ensure the optimum use of all life safety features installed in your building

  • Reflect all of the occupancies in your building, and

  • Identify resources available to your residents.

  • In properly maintaining the Fire Protection and Life Safety elements in your building,

  • it is important to understand the difference between three basic terms:

  • A CHECK is a visual observation to ensure that the device or system is in place and

  • is not obviously damaged or obstructed.

  • To INSPECT is to physically examine a device or system to determine if it will apparently

  • perform in accordance with its intended function.

  • A TEST involves the actual operation of a device or system to ensure it will perform

  • in accordance with its intended operation or function.

  • Ongoing checks of the fire safety elements in your building can be incorporated into

  • your daily walk-through. Perform a visual CHECK of the following items for obvious damage

  • or obstructions:

  • Emergency lighting and exit signs must be maintained in a clean manner and kept legible

  • at all times.

  • Portable Fire Extinguishers must be kept accessible at all times.

  • Sprinkler heads should be CHECKED to see if they are damaged, corroded, greasy, or painted.

  • Sprinkler heads and pipes in indoor parking garages can be easily damaged by tall vehicles

  • or antennas. If damaged sprinkler heads are found, staff should notify the building's

  • Fire Protection Contractor. They will assess the equipment and will advise you if the Fire

  • Department requires notification that the system is impaired or out of service. They

  • will also ensure any defective heads are replaced.

  • There must be no obstructions around sprinkler heads that might interfere with their water

  • discharge pattern. Sprinkler systems and their piping networks must not be used to support

  • anything that will interfere with sprinkler performance, and sprinkler piping and hangers

  • must be kept in good repair. Sprinkler control valves must always be kept accessible and

  • maintained in operating condition.

  • Exterior fire department connections must be equipped with plugs or caps and secured

  • "wrench tight" at all times.

  • Staff should make a visual CHECK of all fire alarm and voice communications systems on

  • a daily basis to ensure they are unobstructed. Components include the fire alarm control

  • panel, annunciator panel, manual pull stations, heat detectors, and supervisory switches.

  • Visually CHECK principal and remote trouble lights on the main fire panel to ensure that

  • no trouble is indicated on the system.

  • INSPECT the AC 'power on' light or equivalent indictor to ensure its normal operation. Staff

  • should report defects on a daily or ongoing basis. Any required service or repair must

  • be done by a qualified Fire Protection Contractor.

  • On a monthly basis, your site staff should CHECK pilot lights on self-contained emergency

  • power units to ensure proper operation. Power units must be INSPECTED to ensure that:

  • terminal connections are clean, lubricated ,and free of corrosion

  • terminal clamps are clean and tight, and

  • the battery surface is clean and dry.

  • Also on a monthly basis, site staff should INSPECT all Portable Fire Extinguishers, and

  • record the inspection date and their initials on the extinguisher tag. This information

  • must also be recorded in the Building's Fire Log Book. Staff should CHECK the following

  • elements of each Fire Extinguisher:

  • CHECK extinguisher nozzles for any obstructions

  • CHECK that the tamper seal is in place, and

  • CHECK if the recharge gauge is showing an operable range.

  • Site staff should report any defects. Any repair or recharge must be done by a qualified

  • Fire Protection Contractor.

  • Once a month, ONE initiating field device must be CHECKED, such as a heat detector,

  • smoke detector or water flow switch, OR one manual initiating device, such as a pull station.

  • All devices should be CHECKED on a rotational basis.

  • Smoke detectors and carbon monoxide detectors, if installed, should be TESTED once per month

  • on a rotational basis for proper operation.

  • Depending if your building's fire alarm and voice communication systems are integrated,

  • the following elements should be tested in each zone on a rotational basis:

  • firefighter's handsets for clear, two-way communication with the control panel

  • voice paging capability; and

  • loudspeakers, operated as an on-call signal.

  • It is important that these monthly tests be recorded in the Building's Fire Log Book.

  • While the tests CAN be carried out by properly trained site staff, it is recommended that

  • they be done by a qualified Fire Protection Contractor.

  • On a bi-monthly basis, CHECK the sprinkler control valves to ensure the pressures are

  • in optimal range. If applicable, priming water levels for dry pipe valves must be maintained

  • at the proper level. Any problems must be reported to your local fire department.

  • Sprinkler systems in parking garages are usually pressurized with air instead of water to avoid

  • freezing. With changing temperatures, however, condensation can produce small amounts of

  • water in the pipes. This water should be removed by using special draining stations like this

  • one, normally twice a year, in the Spring and Fall.

  • All emergency lighting, fire alarm systems, sprinklers, and extinguishers should be INSPECTED

  • on an annual basis by a qualified Fire Protection Contractor.

  • High building may have additional fire safety protection equipment, such as smoke control

  • systems, which have special CHECK, INSPECT, and TEST requirements.

  • We've covered the many tasks associated with good preventive maintenance for the fire protection

  • and life safety systems in your building. Now let's summarize what we've learned.

  • On a daily basis, staff must make a visual check for damage, obstructions, or trouble

  • indicators on:

  • Emergency lighting and exit signs

  • Portable fire extinguishers

  • Sprinkler heads, pipes, and fire department connection, and

  • Fire alarm and voice communication systems, including main control panel and pull stations

  • On a monthly basis, the following elements must be INSPECTED and recorded in the building's

  • Fire Log Book:

  • Portable fire extinguishers for obstructed nozzles, tamper seal, and pressure gauge

  • Self-contained power units, including battery terminal connections and clamps

  • Field devices such as heat detectors or pull stations, inspected on a rotational basis,

  • and

  • Firefighter's handsets or loudspeakers

  • CHECK all sprinkler control valves every two months.

  • Remember to schedule an annual inspection of all your building's life safety systems

  • by a qualified Fire Protection Contractor.

  • Regular preventive maintenance of your building's fire safety systems will make sure that any

  • small problems are detected before they become big ones. This means safe and reliable service

  • for the people who call your building home.

The following video is part of a series of videos being produced by ONPHA to provide

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消防安全 (Fire Safety)

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    kuoyumei 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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