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Pregnancy seems like a miracle, but when people start basing health advice on that sentiment
that’s how problems start. Luckily, I've brought this science with me. Let's look it
over, shall we?
I've got a pal who just announced she's preggers, and being pregnant comes with all sorts of
strange conversations about health which would NOT be okay in any other situation. When you're
pregnant, strangers will throw shade at you for being in a sushi restaurant, at Starbucks,
or on an airplane… Everyone's got opinions, but do they have facts to back it up?
A big myth about pregnancy concerns fish. Fish is a staple of a healthy diet, and pregnant
women are encouraged to eat fish -- but it DOES contain trace amounts of mercury. But
not all fish are equal, so you just need to eat the right fish. No yellowtail or bigeye
tuna, but salmon is great! Check the full lists online When ingested, methylmercury
is absorbed by the central nervous system and can impair normal brain development in
children, infants and fetuses. Other studies have connected methylmercury consumption during
pregnancy to ADHD, especially in boys. Just remember FISH is GREAT for pregnant women
-- it's brain food after all! Plus it contains omega-3s and decreases cognitive decline in
older people. Coffee is another thing pregnant women get
judgement for drinking. But in general, coffee won't harm a fetus. Some studies say drinking
caffeine can increase risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, or other weight problems. This
means tea SHOULD be two sides to the same leaf, but it isn't. Fortunately for caffeine
lovers, research isn't entirely clear -- even if the media hype makes it seem like it is.
Yes, caffeine IS a stimulant, which may cause problems in large quantities, but drinking
less than 200 mg per day is fine. 200 mg is like, one 8 to 10 ounce cup of coffee, depending.
Studies show eating peanuts while pregnant will decrease the chances of the baby
an allergy to peanuts. Not to mention, peanuts are a great source of folic acid and protein!
Though research is still ongoing, avoiding them altogether doesn't seem to be necessary.
Sometimes, you get chocolate in my peanut butter! AND THEN there's some serious opinions
thrown around. A study published in Early Human Development surprisingly found preggo
moms who ate chocolate also have happy babies. Their study of 300 Finnish women found those
who'd eating a bit of chocolate daily had a "positively reactive" baby -- also known
as a baby who smiled and laughed a lot. But be cautious, they didn't say it CAUSED a happy
baby, just that they're correlated.
Speaking of chocolate and smiling … pregnancy and sex has a LOT of myths surrounding it.
You can still have sex when you're pregnant. The baby is surrounded by the uterus, and
an amniotic sac, the cervix has a mucus plug sealing it shut, and the benefits of hormone
release during sex and orgasm are well documented. The contractions from orgasm are completely
different muscles from those in the uterus -- so get jiggy with it, guys!
That being said, STIs CAN affect the fetus; so make sure all parties are clean and practice safe sex.
Some other myths that have been debunked by science: go get your hair did. There's no
evidence hair dye harms the fetus in the least; alcohol isn't great but if you slip up you're
not going to mess up your kid; hot dogs, eggs and chickens are all fine, just make sure
they are well-cooked! Something I was surprised by, is heat -- pregnant moms should try and
keep their body temperature below 102 (40C) -- so no jacuzzis, saunas or hot yogas.
Pregnancy can be scary, especially if its the first time. You don't get a do-over, after
all, but all the science says don't cut your diet to only the "safest" foods, instead just
eat healthily: lots of fruits and vegetables, some meat and fish some dairy and grain. Keep
it colorful! We all want to believe that these wives tales have been passed down and carry
water, but some of them are just plain made up.
Do you have a science question? That's why were here! Let us help!
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關於孕婦的五個迷思 (5 Pregnancy Myths Debunked)

22079 分類 收藏
羅紹桀 發佈於 2015 年 6 月 27 日    Jade Weng 翻譯    黃艾瑄 審核
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