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  • Hello and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    歡迎來到 CNN STUDENT NEWS

  • My name is Carl Azuz.

    我是 Carl Azuz

  • It`s great to have you watching our commercial-free show this Tuesday.

    很高興你們可以收看這禮拜二的無廣告節目

  • In the U.S., the 2016 presidential campaign season is on.

    在美國,2016年總統選舉季節已經開始了

  • It kicked off yesterday with an announcement from Senator Ted Cruz,

    昨天由來自德州的共和黨參議員特德·克魯茲

  • a Republican candidate from Texas

    發表競選總統的聲明

  • who said he was running for president.

    拉開序幕

  • The election won`t be until next November 8.

    選舉日期是明年十一月八日

  • But announcing they`re running helps candidates ramp up their fundraising,

    但候選人們發表聲明幫助他們提升募款金額

  • shape their messages and campaign strategies and reach out to voters.

    形塑理念並擬定政見傳達給投票者

  • In the 2016 election, there`s no incumbent president.

    在2016年的選舉中,候選人不會有現任總統

  • President Obama has reached to two term limit

    總統歐巴馬已達到

  • set by the Twenty-Second Amendment to "The Constitution.

    憲法第二十二條修正案規定的兩年任期

  • " It was ratified in 1951.

    它是在1951年被批准的

  • So what this means is that the field for 2016

    所以,目前的態勢是

  • is wide open for both Republicans and Democrats

    2016年的總統大位對任何想要移動到白宮的

  • who want to move to the White House.

    不管是共和黨或民主黨都是敞開大門的

  • The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. "Constitution"

    美國“憲法”第十三條修正案

  • abolished slavery in the U.S. in 1865.

    於1865年廢除了美國的奴隸制

  • The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

    聯合國世界人權宣言

  • abolished slavery worldwide in 1948.

    也於1948年廢除了全球奴隸制

  • And yet, there are more slaves on earth today

    然而,現在地球上的奴隸數

  • than at any point in human history.

    卻比人類歷史任何時間點都來的多

  • A few years ago, CNN launched The Freedom Project.

    幾年前,CNN推出的自由計畫

  • Its goals include showing the horrors of modern-day slavery,

    其目標包括展示現代奴隸制的恐怖

  • exposing the criminals who trade in human lives,

    揭露那些把別人性命玩弄於股掌的罪犯

  • amplifying the voices of the slaves themselves

    為奴隸發聲

  • and highlighting the success stories of those working to abolish slavery.

    並強調這些努力廢除奴隸制的成功案例

  • Between 20 million and 36 million

    2000萬到3600萬

  • -- that`s the estimated number of people

    這是現在全世界奴隸的

  • enslaved worldwide right now.

    估計數目

  • Modern-day slavery can be found on every continent.

    在各大洲都可以找到現代奴隸制

  • The stories of the survivors are painful,

    那些倖存者的故事是痛苦的

  • shocking and sometimes hard to hear.

    令人震驚的,且有時很難聽到

  • On this farm, we find Abdul.

    在這個農場,我們找到了Abdul

  • He survived three years of work.

    他在這工作苟活了三年

  • He`s just 10. He earns no wages for his work, he says.

    他才10歲,他說他工作卻沒有任何工資

  • Gerva Waiti (ph) is the mother of three.

    Gerva Waiti是三個孩子的媽

  • Her eldest daughter should not be this skilled at brick making.

    她的大女兒不應該會這個製磚技能

  • She is only five years old.

    他才五歲大

  • I think about slavery. Yes, I think about it.

    我想這就是奴隸,對,這就是

  • Also, a person like me will never forget about the torture he has suffered.

    並且,像我這樣子的人也永遠不會忘記我所受到的折磨

  • The International Labor Organization says

    國際勞工組織表示

  • human trafficking is a $150 billion a year

    人口販賣是年產值1500億美元的

  • industry unraveling the human criminal enterprises

    產業,去揭露這些餐與其中的犯罪集團

  • involved is vital in putting a stop to it

    是阻止這樣的悲劇中極重要的一環

  • Celebrities like Manny Pacquiao are speaking up to make a change.

    像帕奎奧等名人都呼籲要對此做出改變

  • I believe that we can end human trafficking in our lifetime.

    我認為,我們可以在我們的有生之年結束人口販賣

  • The challenge for us is to make this impact sustainable.

    我們面臨的挑戰是得堅持把這個理念推動下去

  • Top chocolate maker Nestle vows to end child labor on cocoa plantations.

    頂級巧克力製造商雀巢公司也發誓要禁止使用童工種植可可

  • We will work with the world global foundation and build schools.

    我們將與全球性基金會工作,並建立學校

  • We will work with The International Cocoa Initiative.

    我們將與國際可可協會倡議

  • GoodWeave USA is trying to put an end to child labor

    美國企業 GoodWeave 也試著用

  • in rug factories by putting the GoodWeave

    禁止在地毯工廠雇用童工的方法

  • seal of approval on handmade rugs.

    來解決童工問題

  • Not only does it mean that the product is child labor-free

    它不僅意味著該產品的製程毫無剝削童工

  • and not only does it mean that the place where

    不僅表示他的地毯工廠

  • that rug was made was inspected,

    的工作環境禁得起檢驗

  • but it also means a percentage of the purchase price is educating children.

    更會捐出工廠的一部份資金去教育小孩

  • Through the Do Something Now Campaign,

    通過社會運動“Do Something Now Campaign”

  • thousands of Christian students come together each year,

    數千名基督徒學生團結一致

  • donating their own money.

    每年捐出自己的錢

  • They`ve raised millions of dollars for charities

    他們已經籌集了數百萬美元

  • who fight human trafficking and care for survivors.

    給那些打擊人口販賣與照顧倖存者的慈善機構

  • It`s great to see that when someone is willing to stand up,

    很高興地看到,當有人願意站出來

  • everyone is happy to follow.

    每個人都願意去盡一份力

  • Time for the Shoutout.

    Shoutout 時間

  • Which of these is not true about electric vehicles

    與汽油汽車相比

  • as compared with gasoline powered vehicles.

    這些哪個不是電動車的特性

  • You know what to do.

    你知道該怎麼做

  • Is it lower fuel costs, greater range,

    是降低燃油成本,或里程數更長

  • lower emissions or higher sticker price.

    還是更低的廢氣排放量,或更貴?

  • You`ve got three seconds. Go.

    你有三秒鐘作答

  • All of these statements are generally true

    以上答案都是正確的

  • about electric vehicles except option B.

    除了B選項

  • Their range is shorter than that of gas-powered cars.

    電動車的里程數會比汽油車來的短

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

    以上就是今天的Shoutout

  • There`s actually a term for

    其實有一個名詞來形容

  • when people fear running out of power in an electric car.

    當人們害怕電動車快沒電時的樣子

  • It`s called range anxiety.

    就是所謂的里程焦慮

  • Most electric cars can travel between 70 and 100 miles

    大多數電動汽車充飽電都可開

  • before needing to be charged.

    大概70至100英里之間的距離

  • There are some models that get considerably more mileage,

    有些車種可以開更遠

  • but they cost considerably more money.

    但相對也貴非常多

  • Charging electric cars is cheaper than filling up a gas tank,

    充電式比去加油便宜

  • but because it takes a lot longer,

    但因為要充很久

  • some scientists are seeking solutions.

    所以一些科學家正試著找出解決辦法

  • Typically, an all-electric car can travel about 80 miles

    通常情況下,全電動汽車充飽電後

  • before needing a recharge.

    到下次要再充電時大約可行駛約80英里

  • But a newly unveiled tire concept from Goodyear

    但 Goodyear 新推出的輪胎

  • aims to generate extra energy from where the rubber meets the road.

    旨在輪子能在路上行駛時產生額外的能量

  • You might call them energy tires.

    你可以稱他們為節能輪胎

  • Goodyear isn`t offering a lot of details about how it works,

    Goodyear 還沒提供了很多關於它的細節

  • but here`s the idea.

    但這裡是一些關於它的概念

  • Sunlight and pavement friction would generate heat inside the tire,

    輪胎會在陽光照射和路面摩擦時產生熱能

  • which would be converted into electricity,

    而熱能將可以轉變為電力

  • which would help charge an election cycle`s battery.

    便能直接充電到汽車電池裡

  • It`s still just a concept,

    雖然他還只是一個初步構想

  • but if it`s successful and carmakers show interest,

    但如要它能發明成功,且車商感興趣的話

  • the idea could help win over drivers

    這個點子就可以爭取到

  • who reject electric vehicles because of so-called range anxiety.

    因為「里程焦慮」而不去買電動汽車的客戶

  • Let`s see who`s watching today.

    讓我們看看今日收看的人有誰

  • Here are some of the schools

    這裡有一些學校

  • that requested a mention at cnnstudentnews.com.

    他們在 cnn student news 網站上提出意見

  • Farmington Junior High School is in The Beehive State.

    位於蜂窩州的法明頓國中

  • That`s Utah. And The Huskies are hunkered down in Farmington.

    蜂窩州就是猶他州的別名,而 The Huskies 這個球隊就位於法明頓市

  • New Mexico is known as The Land of Enchantment.

    新墨西哥也有「迷人之地」這個別名

  • And in the city of Roswell,

    以及我們正與在拉茲威市

  • we`re online at the Chaves County Juvenile Detention Center.

    的查韋斯縣青少年拘留中心連線中

  • And on the East Coast, in The Garden State, hello to The Hawks.

    還有位於東海岸的花園州 (美國新澤西州別名),大家跟 The Hawks 問聲好

  • They`re soaring over Memorial Middle School.

    它們是紀念中學的球隊

  • It`s in the township of Freehold.

    位於夫力荷的鎮區內

  • From a look at what could be the tires of the future

    現在來看看什麼樣的輪胎才能成為未來潮流

  • to a look at the technology of the past, boom boxes,

    先回顧一下過去的科技,噪音盒 (便攜式錄放音機)

  • Walkmans, Discmans, tapes, some of your teachers

    隨身聽、CD隨身聽、錄音帶,你們的老師或許

  • can tell you about life with these long before smart phones were invented.

    會告訴你們在智慧型手機被發明以前的生活型態

  • For a little fun on a Tuesday,

    為了讓星期二增添樂趣

  • we`re looking at how technology

    我們來看看過去的科技如何

  • that`s obsolete still has an influence on what people are buying now.

    對人們的購買清單有持續的影響力

  • We are more connected than ever these days.

    現今我們比過去更有社會連結性

  • We listen to music, we check our e-mail, we take photos,

    我們聽音樂、收發郵件、拍照片

  • we do just about everything on this device.

    我們可以用智慧型手機做任何事

  • We decided to take a little bit of a trip down memory lane.

    我們決定倒帶記憶回憶錄

  • First up, the boom box.

    首先,噪音盒

  • I don`t even know how to do it anymore.

    我甚至不知道該怎麼使用它了

  • What was like very cool about the boom box is

    噪音盒最酷的一件事是

  • it was almost kind of like a statement and it brought music to the street.

    它就像是先驅,可以把音樂帶著走

  • Even today, you look at something like the Jambox,

    甚至到今日,Jambox (藍芽揚聲器)

  • it`s almost like kind of a throwback to the boom box. Yes.

    也是某種向噪音盒致敬的概念

  • So the boom box was this very like social,

    所以噪音盒非常適合社交

  • everyone listening to music together type experience.

    大家聚在一起聽音樂的典型體驗

  • But it we are heavy.

    但是噪音盒很笨重

  • And sometimes you just want to be alone with your music.

    有時候你只是想和音樂好好獨處

  • So that kind of paved the way, also, for the Walkman.

    所以隨身聽誕生了

  • These are perfect. There we go.

    這些東西真讚,開始聽吧

  • This completely changed the way we dealt with music, right?

    隨身聽完全改變了聽音樂的方式,對吧?

  • The commercials show people like running around jumping.

    廣告秀出人們跑步、跳躍的模樣

  • And it seems kind of laughable now,

    雖然它現在看起來有點可笑

  • but like this was the first kind of device that enabled you to do that.

    不過它是第一個能讓你在運動時聽音樂的裝置

  • This paved the way for our smart phones

    隨身聽為智慧型手機鋪路

  • where we`re just listening to music and streaming music online.

    我們現在都直接在網路上聽音樂,使用音樂串流

  • Walking around, kind of bopping around.

    到處亂晃,邊律動邊走

  • I didn`t do that. I didn`t do that.

    我不會那樣做

  • Before there is Instagram,

    在 Instagram 盛行之前

  • and you could just take a photo on your phone and just see it,

    Instagram 就是你可以直接用手機拍照、觀看照片

  • there was the instant photo. Boom.

    在 Instagram 之前有拍立得

  • Instead of going taking a picture and then having to go develop it,

    取代了拍照之後還要去沖洗照片的過程

  • it was kind of this instant gratification.

    拍立得能讓你獲得立即的滿足

  • You`ve got to do this. Wait.

    你得這樣甩一甩、等一等

  • It`s just this idea that you could be around the dinner table

    這個概念就是你可以在餐桌上

  • with your friends and then you want to get a picture

    跟你的朋友一起拍張照

  • and you want it now, that`s what Polaroid did,

    而且現在就想看到照片,這就是寶麗來 (拍立得大廠) 做的事

  • which is something that was very revolutionary at the time.

    這在那時候是非常具有革命性的點子

  • And it definitely paved ways for these companies like Instagram.

    而且它確實為某些像是 Instagram 的公司鋪路

  • How long does it take?

    顯影要花多久呢?

  • We have our smart phones and we have Facebook

    我們有智慧型手機、臉書

  • and Twitter and Instagram.

    推特和 Instagram

  • But before a lot of these technologies,

    但在擁有這些科技之前

  • there`s technology that inherently changed the way we interacted,

    那些過去的科技從根本改變了我們互動的方式

  • how we consumed music, how we took photos.

    如何聽音樂、如何照相

  • So what we`re seeing now is a little bit of kind of a reinvention of technology.

    所以我們現在觀賞的是科技的改造史

  • There`s actually a case for the iPhone

    其實 iPhone 還有一種保護殼

  • that enables you to print photos.

    可以讓你印出照片

  • You have all sorts of different types of Bluetooth speakers

    你擁有許多不同種類的藍芽喇叭

  • that are looking more and more like kind of an old school boom box.

    它們長得越來越像懷舊的噪音盒

  • These are the devices that came before

    這些是行動裝置的演化史

  • and these are the ones that kind of made you remember when things were a little bit more tangible.

    而當這些裝置真實地在你眼前展現時,會讓你記憶更鮮明

  • And that`s going to be a market in the future.

    之後就看未來市場的表現了

  • Before we go, the dog knew something awesome was about to happen.

    在離開之前,看看這隻狗知道某件很棒的事即將要發生

  • Sergeant Paul DePaolo had been serving in Afghanistan for seven months.

    保羅軍士已經在阿富汗當了七個月的兵

  • His dog missed him. So when the door opened,

    他的狗非常想念他。當門打開時

  • the animal went bananas.

    狗狗開心到發瘋了

  • His name is Simba. And we ain`t lying.

    牠的名字叫辛巴,我們沒有說謊

  • And don`t think his master is neglecting his wife and son.

    還有別以為牠的主人忽略了老婆跟兒子

  • They`d already brought him home.

    老婆和小孩帶軍士回家

  • They sent the sergeant through the front door

    他們僅和軍士一起進入前門

  • so the dog could welcome him in his own special way.

    所以狗狗可以以牠獨特的方式歡迎主人

  • The animal was Simbally thrilled,

    狗狗超級激動

  • so happy his master was bark home.

    非常高興牠的主人伴隨著汪汪叫聲回到家

  • Of course, he wanted to lap up all the attention.

    當然,牠想要得到主人所有的注意力

  • In seven months, it was the greetest thing to happen.

    這是七個月內發生過最棒的事

  • I`m your news hound, Carl Azuz.

    我是你們的新聞捕手

  • More stories and puns tomorrow.

    明天將會帶來更多故事及搞笑畫面

Hello and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

歡迎來到 CNN STUDENT NEWS

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March 24, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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