B1 中級 美國腔 11253 分類 收藏
When we think about mapping cities,
we tend to think about roads
and streets and buildings,

and the settlement narrative
that led to their creation,

or you might think about
the bold vision of an urban designer,

but there's other ways
to think about mapping cities

and how they got to be made.
Today, I want to show you
a new kind of map.

This is not a geographic map.
This is a map of the relationships
between people in my hometown

of Baltimore, Maryland,
and what you can see here is that
each dot represents a person,

each line represents a relationship
between those people,

and each color represents a community
within the network.

Now, I'm here on the green side,
down on the far right where the geeks are,

and TEDx also is down
on the far right. (Laughter)

Now, on the other side of the network,
you tend to have primarily
African-American and Latino folks

who are really concerned about somewhat
different things than the geeks are,

but just to give some sense,
the green part of the network
we call Smalltimore,

for those of us that inhabit it,
because it seems as though
we're living in a very small town.

We see the same people
over and over again,

but that's because
we're not really exploring

the full depth and breadth of the city.
On the other end of the network,
you have folks who are interested
in things like hip-hop music

and they even identify with living
in the DC/Maryland/Virginia area

over, say, the Baltimore city
designation proper.

But in the middle, you see that there's
something that connects
the two communities together,

and that's sports.
We have the Baltimore Orioles,
the Baltimore Ravens football team,

Michael Phelps, the Olympian.
Under Armour, you may have heard of,
is a Baltimore company,

and that community of sports
acts as the only bridge

between these two ends of the network.
Let's take a look at San Francisco.
You see something a little bit
different happening in San Francisco.

On the one hand, you do have
the media, politics and news lobe

that tends to exist
in Baltimore and other cities,

but you also have this
very predominant group

of geeks and techies that are sort of
taking over the top half of the network,

and there's even a group
that's so distinct and clear

that we can identify it
as Twitter employees,

next to the geeks, in between
the gamers and the geeks,

at the opposite end
of the hip-hop spectrum.

So you can see, though,
that the tensions that we've
heard about in San Francisco

in terms of people being
concerned about gentrification

and all the new tech companies
that are bringing new wealth

and settlement into the city are real,
and you can actually see
that documented here.

You can see the LGBT community
is not really getting along
with the geek community that well,

the arts community, the music community.
And so it leads to things like this.
["Evict Twitter"]
Somebody sent me this photo
a few weeks ago,

and it shows what is happening
on the ground in San Francisco,

and I think you can
actually try to understand that

through looking at a map like this.
Let's take a look at Rio de Janeiro.
I spent the last few weeks
gathering data about Rio,

and one of the things
that stood out to me about this city

is that everything's
really kind of mixed up.

It's a very heterogenous city in a way
that Baltimore or San Francisco is not.

You still have the lobe of people involved
with government, newspapers,
politics, columnists.

TEDxRio is down in the lower right,
right next to bloggers and writers.

But then you also have this
tremendous diversity of people

that are interested
in different kinds of music.

Even Justin Bieber fans
are represented here.

Other boy bands, country singers,
gospel music, funk and rap
and stand-up comedy,

and there's even a whole section
around drugs and jokes.

How cool is that?
And then the Flamengo football team
is also represented here.

So you have that same kind of spread
of sports and civics
and the arts and music,

but it's represented
in a very different way,

and I think that maybe fits
with our understanding of Rio

as being a very multicultural,
musically diverse city.

So we have all this data.
It's an incredibly rich set of data
that we have about cities now,

maybe even richer than any data set
that we've ever had before.

So what can we do with it?
Well, I think the first thing
that we can try to understand

is that segregation is a social construct.
It's something that we choose to do,
and we could choose not to do it,

and if you kind of think about it,
what we're doing with this data
is aiming a space telescope at a city

and looking at it as if was
a giant high school cafeteria,

and seeing how everybody arranged
themselves in a seating chart.

Well maybe it's time to shake up
the seating chart a little bit.

The other thing that we start to realize
is that race is a really
poor proxy for diversity.

We've got people represented
from all different types of races

across the entire map here --
only looking at race
doesn't really contribute to
our development of diversity.

So if we're trying to use diversity
as a way to tackle some of our
more intractable problems,

we need to start to think
about diversity in a new way.

And lastly, we have the ability to create
interventions to start to reshape
our cities in a new way,

and I believe that if
we have that capability,

we may even bear some
responsibility to do so.

So what is a city?
I think some might say that it is
a geographical area or a collection
of streets and buildings,

but I believe that a city
is the sum of the relationships

of the people that live there,
and I believe that if we can start to
document those relationships in a real way

then maybe we have a real shot
at creating those kinds of cities
that we'd like to have.

Thank you.


【TED】大維·特洛伊: 顯示城市互動及隔離的社群地圖 (Dave Troy: Social maps that reveal a city's intersections — and separations)

11253 分類 收藏
CUChou 發佈於 2015 年 3 月 20 日
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