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  • Fridays are awesome.

    星期五超讚的

  • I`m Carl Azuz with your commercial-free news source for the classroom.

    我是Carl Azuz,歡迎收看零廣告的學生新聞

  • First up this March 20th,

    首先,3月20號

  • President Obama announced a new executive order yesterday.

    歐巴馬總統在昨天頒布了一個新的行政命令

  • It requires U.S. government agencies

    要求美國各級政府機關

  • to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

    減少溫室氣體的排放量

  • The president says he wants a 40 percent reduction

    總統表示他想在接下來的十年

  • over the next 10 years in the types of emissions

    減少百分之四十的

  • that many scientists say contribute to climate change.

    科學家認為會造成氣候變遷的氣體排放量

  • Government buildings will have to reduce energy use.

    政府大樓將必須減少能源使用

  • Government agencies will have to replace their vehicles

    政府機關將必須把他們的交通工具替換成

  • with lower emissions ones, like hybrids.

    低排放量的車輛,像是油電混和車

  • But this is an order not approved by Congress,

    但這個法令尚未被國會批准

  • and it`s limited to government property only,

    且只適用於政府建物上

  • which makes up a relatively small source of greenhouse gas emissions.

    相對來說,這些建物只是溫室氣體排放很小部分的來源而已

  • Republicans say decisions like this hurt American jobs.

    共和黨員表示這樣的決策會衝擊到美國的就業狀況

  • And like other executive orders,

    而且像其他行政命令一樣

  • the next president could reverse this decision.

    下一任總統可能會撤銷這項決策

  • President Obama also made news yesterday for suggesting

    歐巴馬總統昨天還語出驚人提議

  • that voting should be mandatory in the US.

    應該讓投票在美國成為義務性的

  • At a town hall event in Cleveland, Ohio,

    在俄亥俄州克里夫蘭的市政府活動裡

  • he was asked how to offset the influence of money in politics.

    他被問到要怎麼彌補政治活動金額的影響

  • The president said if everybody voted,

    總統說如果每個人都投票

  • it would be, quote, "transformative."

    那是「可以改變的」

  • Twenty-six countries require their citizens to vote.

    有26個國家要求他們的公民必須投票

  • In some places, like Australia and Belgium,

    在某些地方,像是澳洲和比利時

  • people can get fined if they don`t.

    沒有投票是會被處以罰金的

  • And if they don`t pay that fine in Belgium, they can be jailed.

    而在比利時沒付罰金,是會被關的

  • The U.S. has a relatively low voter turnout rate

    在較富裕的民主國家中,美國的投票率

  • among wealthier democracies.

    相對來說是較低的

  • In the 2012 presidential election,

    在2012年的總統選舉中

  • just over 57 percent of all eligible voters voted.

    只有大約五成七的選民出來投票

  • In the 2014 midterm elections, it was just under 37 percent.

    2014的期中選舉,只有不到三成七的投票率

  • The midterms usually have lower turnout.

    期中選舉的投票率通常比較低

  • Critics say the freedom to vote also comes the freedom not to vote.

    評論者表示有投票自由,也要有不投票的自由

  • And they say that passing a law and then enforcing it would be hard to do.

    他們說要讓法令通過,然後執行它,是有困難的

  • Delaware has several nicknames -- The Diamond State,

    德拉威州有一些小名 -- 鑽石州

  • The Small Wonder, The Blue Hen State, The First State.

    小驚奇、藍雞州、第一州

  • Our first Roll Call school is from this state.

    我們點名的第一間學校就是來自這個州

  • In Newcastle, we`re happy to see John G. Leach School is watching.

    在紐卡斯爾,很開心看到John G. Leach學校在觀看

  • Now to sportsman`s paradise,

    現在來到運動員的天堂

  • or the Sugar State, or The Pelican State.

    也可以說是糖州,或塘鵝州

  • The Wolves are with us from St. Paul`s School.

    來自St. Paul`s 學校的野狼隊也和我們一起

  • It`s in Covington, Louisiana.

    它在卡溫頓,路易斯安那州

  • And in The Grand Canyon State, hello to Gila Ridge High.

    接著在有大峽谷的州,哈囉Gila Ridge高中

  • The Hawks are hovering over Yuma, Arizona.

    老鷹盤旋在尤馬,亞利桑那州

  • There`s a lot of celestial science surrounding us this week.

    這禮拜有很多天文科學現象圍繞著我們

  • First, the solar eclipse we told you about.

    首先是,我們告訴過你的日蝕

  • It`s visible for a couple of minutes, anyway, in parts of Europe,

    用肉眼就可以看到幾分鐘的日蝕,在歐洲

  • Northern Asia and North Africa.

    北亞跟北非

  • Second, the spring equinox --

    第二是,春分

  • it`s today, the official first day of spring.

    就是今天,正式進入春天的第一天

  • Day and night will be about equally as long,

    晝夜會一樣長

  • with the sun shining directly over the equator.

    因為太陽直射赤道

  • Third, scientists say a solar storm like this one

    第三,科學家說像這樣的一個太陽風暴

  • sent some serious space weather our way.

    會造成嚴重的太空天氣

  • When bursts of energy from our closest star hit the Earth`s atmosphere,

    當離我們最近的行星能量爆發,波及到地球的大氣層時,

  • auroras, these bands of light,

    極光,像這些光帶

  • lit up areas farther north and south than usual.

    照亮了比平常更北邊與更南邊的地區

  • Yes, we had one of the more severe,

    是的,我們看到了更強烈

  • potential disruptive, geomagnetic storms

    更具潛在爆發性的磁爆

  • that we`ve seen in about a 10 year period,

    那是我們近十年來看過最強烈的

  • as a pair of solar flares ejected from the sun

    兩個閃焰在週日早上從太陽上噴出

  • on Sunday morning arrived at the Earth`s magnetic field,

    抵達地球的磁場

  • the Earth`s magnetosphere on Tuesday morning.

    地磁圈時,是週二早上

  • And the way they interact with the Earth`s magnetic field is

    它們和地球磁場互相作用、影響

  • what essentially leads to seeing these colorations of yellows,

    讓你看見這些顏色,如黃色

  • greens and also reds.

    綠色和紅色

  • And they get deflected off toward the polar regions.

    它們轉向,朝極地前進

  • This particular event being so strong,

    這異常的情形非常強烈

  • we had the ability to see

    讓我們能親眼

  • that across some of the lower latitudes of the world,

    在較低緯度的地方

  • at least a little farther south than what you typically would see.

    至少在比平常更南方的地方,也能看見極光

  • But the most common colors are the colors of green there,

    最常見的顏色是綠色

  • as they -- the particles begin to collide with oxygen.

    那是當粒子開始與氧氣碰撞時才會發生

  • A little less common is when you have the blues, the violets,

    比較不尋常的情況是你看到藍色、紫羅蘭色、

  • the purples, as we have the particles colliding with nitrogen.

    紫色,那是當粒子碰撞到氮氣時才會發生

  • And then you get up to the rarest of the types,

    接下來看到最罕見的類型

  • the red coloration,

    紅色

  • and this is where high altitude oxygen interacts

    這是在高海拔處,氧氣和

  • with the particles of the solar flare once it arrives across the Earth.

    剛抵達地球的太陽閃焰粒子互相作用時所產生的

  • But that was the perspective on Tuesday.

    但那是星期二的觀點

  • The area, as far as the viewing points, as far south as,

    這個區域,最遠到這個南邊都可以觀測到

  • really, the northern portion of the United States,

    不騙你,美國北部

  • the Midwestern U.S., the Northeastern U.S.,

    美國中西部、美國東北部

  • notice portions of Northwestern Europe,

    歐洲西北部

  • from Glasgow out there toward Oslo.

    從格拉斯哥到奧斯陸

  • St. Petersburg also had the potential to see some of this.

    連在聖彼得堡也有機會看見極光

  • And we certainly know we`ve seen video coming in over New Zealand,

    而我們已經從影片中看見極光從紐西蘭的

  • Christchurch, to Hobart,

    基督城漫佈至澳洲荷巴特

  • some of the other viewing areas of interest

    在這些有趣的觀測地點

  • with this unusual and powerful solar event.

    可以看見這奇特且強烈的太陽事件

  • Typically, 10 p.m. to 2:00 a.m. the best time to see it clear nights.

    基本上,最佳觀測時間是晚上十點至凌晨兩點

  • Well, far away from major city light pollution,

    記得遠離城市光害

  • the best setup, as well.

    還要有最佳的安排

  • And around March and September,

    在三月與九月

  • the equinox period also a good time to see it.

    春分秋分之時,也是看極光的好時機

  • And hence why it`s a good time right now.

    那也是為何現在是個好時機的原因

  • If you have the possibility, get outside and take a look.

    如果可以,去外面看看吧

  • Back in high school,

    回想高中時

  • some of my teachers would play classical music to help us learn.

    我有些老師會播古典音樂來幫助我們學習

  • Did it work?

    有效嗎?

  • Well it does in rats.

    在老鼠身上有效

  • A study in the late 1990s found that rats

    在90年代晚期的一份研究發現

  • that repeatedly heard the music of Mozart were better

    一直聽莫札特音樂的老鼠

  • at finding their way through mazes than rats who didn`t.

    比沒聽古典樂的老鼠,還要擅長在迷宮裡找到出路

  • Music from minimalist composers like Philip Glass or just plain

    但像菲利普·格拉斯,這些簡約音樂家的音樂,或只是單純

  • white noise did not have the same effects.

    雜訊音並不會有此效果

  • Now, that`s Ratdom.

    意料豬外時間 (註:that's random是流行用語,表示驚奇、出乎意料)

  • Doves are helping a U.S.-based company map the world -- not the birds.

    鴿子幫助一間美籍公司畫出全世界地圖,這不是指真的鳥類

  • Though these doves aren`t much bigger,

    雖然這些鴿子沒有很大

  • they operate much higher --

    它們卻可以在更高

  • about as high as the International Space Station,

    和國際太空站一樣高的地方運作

  • hundreds of miles over our heads.

    在我們幾百英哩上空之處

  • They cost less than conventional satellites,

    雖然它們的成本比傳統的人造衛星更低

  • but they don`t last much longer than a year

    但運作不超過一年

  • before they burn up in the atmosphere.

    就會在大氣中燒毀了

  • Still, businesses are taking notice.

    但它還是讓許多企業非常感興趣

  • Earth as seen from the surface of the moon.

    這是從月球表面看到的地球

  • Moving closer and it still looks much the same.

    拉近一點,看起來差不多

  • What you don`t see from either distance is that our planet is constantly changing.

    但你在這兩種距離都看不見的,是我們的星球正持續地改變

  • We haven`t kept a close satellite eye on all this.

    我們還沒將這些製成衛星空照圖

  • Well, that`s about to change.

    而現在即將改變

  • There`s a company here in San Francisco with an ambition

    在舊金山有一家公司擁有非凡的企圖心

  • that`s out of this world -- to map the Earth like it`s never been mapped before.

    他們想製作地球的衛星空照地圖,就像從來沒人做過一樣

  • We`ve invented a miniaturized satellite

    我們發明了微型衛星

  • that allows us to build the world`s biggest constellation

    讓我們能建立世界最大的

  • of Earth imaging satellites.

    地球衛星空照圖集

  • Chris Boshuizen is a physicist who`s always been fascinated by space.

    Chris Boshuizen是一位對太空著迷的物理學家

  • After developing several satellites for NASA,

    在幫NASA開發一些人造衛星後,

  • he set up a company with two friends on Christmas Day, 2010.

    他在2010年的聖誕節當天,和兩位朋友創立了一間公司

  • This is an actual one-to-one scale model of our satellite.

    這是真實一比一大小的衛星模型

  • This usually pops out of a pod.

    這通常會從艙內彈出

  • The wings fall down here on the side

    機翼在側邊落下

  • and these wings are our solar panels that we use for --

    這些機翼就是我們的太陽能板,我們用它來

  • for collecting solar power and recharging our batteries.

    收集太陽能和充電

  • This is a high resolution industrial camera,

    這是高解析度的工業用攝影機

  • scientific-grade camera that we use for collecting the images.

    科學級相機,我們用來收集影像的

  • So that`s -- essentially you can view it kind of like a glorified Web cam

    所以...你可以把它看成是一個高階版的網路攝影機

  • in a box with a computer and some radios.

    和電腦、無線電放在一個盒子裡

  • So we have currently 20 satellites in orbit.

    目前我們在軌道上有20個衛星

  • You can see them here in -- in their orbits,

    你可以在這看到它們.....在它們的軌道上

  • in which they were placed by their rocket.

    它們是以火箭發射的方式被放置在軌道上的

  • The satellites come out from behind the shadow of the Earth

    衛星從地球陰影底下出來

  • and when they`re in sunlight,

    當它們被陽光照射到時

  • they take pictures of the ground continuously.

    會不斷地朝地面拍照

  • Once they have enough pictures,

    當一拍到足夠相片後

  • they pass over one of our ground stations.

    它們會馬上傳到我們地面上的基地

  • And what we get looks like this.

    我們就能看到這些影像

  • Vast evolving landscapes, a tapestry of changing microclimates,

    廣大的不斷演變的景觀,由微氣候、

  • ecosystems and land use.

    生態系統與土地使用編織而成的景色

  • We currently have a large number of customers in agriculture,

    目前我們的客群許多來自農業

  • mining and resources, energy, as well as finance.

    礦業、資源、能源,還有財金界

  • So being able to see the planet changing

    所以能夠看見地球的轉變

  • and how people are undertaking their economic activity,

    還有人們是怎麼進行他們的經濟活動

  • where they`re investing and what they`re doing has tremendous value.

    在哪裡投資、在做些什麼,是意義非凡的

  • It hasn`t always been a smooth ride.

    但事情不是一直都這麼順利

  • They lost some 26 doves in a rocket explosion in October last year,

    他們在去年10月損失了26個衛星

  • just seconds after lift-off.

    都是在發射後幾秒鐘,火箭就爆炸了

  • Despite this setback,

    儘管受挫

  • they hope to have a constellation of 100 or so satellites by 2016.

    他們希望在2016之前能夠建立一個擁有約100個衛星的群集

  • They have a mission, one they`ve had since setting up the company,

    在成立這間公司時,他們就有個使命

  • to help safeguard our fragile planet.

    要協助保護我們脆弱的星球

  • A new type of car could be headed to a road near you.

    一輛新型車可以開在你旁邊的路上

  • The difference is, this one can fly.

    但不同的是,這輛車可以飛

  • I don`t mean speed, I mean take off from a runway and fly.

    我不是比喻它速度很快,而是它真的可以從跑道上起飛,然後飛行

  • It has collapsible wings.

    它有可拆卸式的機翼

  • Its top speed on the road is estimated to be around 99 miles per hour.

    在地面上,它的最高時速大約為一小時99英哩 (約160公里)

  • In the air, 124 miles per hour.

    在天空中,每小時124英哩 (約200公里)

  • You can`t buy it yet. It`s still being developed.

    你現在還買不到,因為它還在開發當中

  • But it could be available in two to three years. The cost?

    但兩到三年後,就可以買到了,要多少錢呢?

  • Several hundred thousand euros. In other words, a lot.

    幾十萬歐元,也就是超多錢的意思

  • But if you have the kind of budget where the sky is the limit,

    但如果你預算沒有上限

  • you`ll have license to fly and drive it if you have a license to fly and drive it.

    然後你有相關的駕照,你就可以開它

  • It certainly looks runway ready,

    看起來已蓄勢待發囉

  • though drivers afraid of heights might dislike, or, at most,

    雖然懼高的駕駛可能會不喜歡,甚至會

  • fear it. Have a great weekend,

    害怕。祝大家假日愉快

  • from all of our staff at CNN STUDENT NEWS.

    全體CNN學生新聞員工祝福你

Fridays are awesome.

星期五超讚的

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March 20, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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