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  • Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

  • First up, a major speech by a world leader.

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appeared before the U.S. Congress yesterday.

  • Usually, the White House is consulted before Congress invites a world leader to speak.

  • But Republican House speaker, John Boehner didn`t tell the president before this invitation

  • and one subject covered by Prime Minister Netanyahu

  • is something President Obama strongly disagrees with.

  • More than 50 of the 232 Democrats in Congress boycotted the speech,

  • though the public galleries were standing room only.

  • Prime Minister Netanyahu is up for reelection on March 17th.

  • How did he get to where he is?

  • In 1949, just one year after the state of Israel was founded,

  • Benjamin Netanyahu was born.

  • He would come to be known by his nickname, Bebe.

  • Netanyahu, who spent part of his teen years in the United States,

  • where his father taught Jewish history at Cornell University.

  • He served for six years in the Israeli Army in an elite commando unit

  • until he was wounded in a rescue operation during an airplane hijacking in 1972.

  • He returned to the U.S., earning degrees in architecture and business from MIT.

  • But a dramatic event in 1976 would have a lasting effect.

  • Netanyahu`s brother, Yonatan, was killed in a raid to free hostages

  • from an Air France jet which had been hijacked by pro-Palestinian terrorists.

  • His death had a profound effect on Netanyahu,

  • who founded an anti-terror institute named after his brother

  • and became quite outspoken about the threat posed by terrorism.

  • Now, this attracted the attention of prominent Israeli officials,

  • setting the course for his future career in politics.

  • Netanyahu was given high profile diplomatic assignments in Washington and New York

  • and started making frequent appearances on U.S. talk shows.

  • In 1988, he returned to Israel and was elected to the Israeli parliament, the Knesset.

  • In 1996, he became the country`s youngest prime minister,

  • shortly after the assassination of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.

  • But he was defeated three years later,

  • after signing an interim peace agreement with then Palestinian leader, Yasser Arafat.

  • And Netanyahu eventually returned to politics

  • and moved back up the ranks of the Likud Party,

  • becoming prime minister again in 2009.

  • This is a bomb.

  • Netanyahu`s emphasis on security, particularly speaking out loudly on Iran

  • and his counter-offensives against Hamas in Gaza,

  • have boosted his popularity in Israel.

  • But a peace deal with the Palestinians remains elusive

  • and Netanyahu is finding himself increasingly alienated from Western partners,

  • most significantly, the United States.

  • He`s shied away from being called a survivor,

  • but Netanyahu`s ability to weather crisis with his savvy television skills

  • and use of the media have earned him the label, the Teflon prime minister.

  • When he spoke on Capitol Hill,

  • Prime Minister Netanyahu said he never intended for his visit to be political,

  • but that he was addressing a subject that could threaten his country.

  • That subject, a deal the Obama administration

  • is working on with Iran over the Middle Eastern nation`s controversial nuclear program.

  • The White House is pushing Iran to put this program on hold.

  • It wants Iran to allow international inspectors to make sure the country

  • doesn`t make a nuclear weapon.

  • In exchange, the U.S. would lift its economic sanctions,

  • its penalties on Iran over the program.

  • But Israel`s leader called the potential deal a bad one,

  • saying Iran will cheat and make a weapon anyway.

  • Iran has threatened Israel in the past and Prime Minister Netanyahu

  • says the Obama administration`s deal would leave Israel in grave trouble.

  • So this deal won`t change Iran for the better.

  • It will only change the Middle East for the worse.

  • A deal that`s supposed to prevent nuclear proliferation

  • would instead spark a nuclear arms race in the most dangerous part of the planet.

  • This deal won`t be a farewell to arms, it would be a farewell to arms control.

  • The White House, whose relations with Israel are strained,

  • says the prime minister`s speech was all talk and no action.

  • If we`re successful negotiating, then, in fact,

  • this will be the best deal possible to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon.

  • Nothing else comes close. Sanctions won`t do it.

  • Even military action would not be as successful as the deal that we have put forward.

  • The Obama administration`s discussions on a deal with Iran

  • are nearing their last stage in Switzerland.

  • What exactly does everyone want?

  • So what does a good deal look like?

  • Supporters, including the administration,

  • say a deal would restrict Iran`s path to a nuclear bomb

  • and extend the time it would need to embark on a weapons program,

  • the so-called "breakout" period to a year,

  • all while allowing a civilian nuclear program under international monitoring,

  • much like the interim agreement signed in November, 2013.

  • Opponents, including Prime Minister Netanyahu and some U.S. lawmakers,

  • say the only way to prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon

  • is to end Iran`s nuclear program altogether,

  • particularly in light of Iran`s past cheating.

  • The IAEA said Iran still has not provided information

  • on past efforts to research weaponization.

  • We have asked questions and the questions are clear so they can answer.

  • The trouble is, Iran says it will never give up its nuclear program entirely,

  • meaning that if no deal is reached, military action, and perhaps war, could follow.

  • Even as the gaps is narrowed, another key disagreement was exposed.

  • If there is agreement, the West wants sanctions lifted gradually,

  • to retain leverage. But Iran wants the sanctions lifted altogether, right away.

  • Our negotiating partners, particularly the Western countries,

  • and particularly the United States, must, once and for all,

  • come to the political understanding that sanctions and the agreement don`t go together.

  • On yesterday`s transcript page at CNNStudentNews.com,

  • here are three of the schools that requested a mention on our Roll Call.

  • Limoges is a city in Central France.

  • We`re happy to be part of your day at Lycee August Renoir.

  • Fordville is a city in North Dakota.

  • The Fliers are aloft there at Fordville-Lankin High School.

  • And one state west, in Montana, it`s the Grizzlies who round out our Roll.

  • They`re await Arrowhead Middle School in the community of Pray.

  • You might have seen bumper stickers that say "hang up and drive."

  • Maybe you`ve been to the Web site.

  • It includes a statistic that says 13.5 million American drivers

  • are using a cell phone at any given moment.

  • In fact, its co-founder says she guesses she`s just another statistic.

  • Being stubborn may have saved Jacy Good`s life.

  • My mom didn`t appreciate it nearly enough. I think it`s my best characteristic.

  • In 2008, on the day she graduated from college,

  • Jacy and her parents were in a car accident

  • caused by a teenager talking on his cell phone.

  • Her mom and dad were killed. Jacy was given a 10 percent chance of survival.

  • My pelvis was shattered. I had a damaged liver.

  • And my lungs were both partially collapsed and I had a traumatic brain injury,

  • which put me on the edge of death.

  • Jacy fought back, refusing to give in.

  • I wanted my life back. In college, I had the reputation

  • that I was the one who was going to save the world.

  • Her call to action came after the driver who caused the accident wasn`t convicted.

  • There was no law against the use of cell phones.

  • I spoke at a press conference in Pennsylvania trying to get a hand held ban and a texting ban.

  • Finally it went into effect that texting and driving is illegal.

  • And now, the 28-year-old also speaks around the country to raise awareness

  • about the dangers of using a phone behind the wheel.

  • I am so grateful that I still have everything that I do have,

  • in spite of having lost so much. Part of life is getting hurt.

  • None of us escape unscathed. I survived for a reason and with a purpose.

  • I`m going to use my time on this planet to make some other lives a little bit better.

  • Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN, reporting.

  • Huntington Beach, California -- the high temperature Monday was 62, the low was 50.

  • So how in the natural world did this happen?

  • It fell from the sky, but it wasn`t snow.

  • A very unusual hailstorm struck the beach in Orange County.

  • It left about a half an inch of hail on the sand.

  • And it stuck around long enough for people to build snowmen,

  • have snowball fights, do a little snowshoeing,

  • basically have fun in the snow without having to leave Southern California.

  • Beat you didn`t see that coming.

  • After all, it`s not Snow-Cal and they sure wouldn`t expect to weather snow there.

  • It`s a coastal story that`s peerless. You know it`s going to make waves.

  • All hail the puns. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS. Hope to see you tomorrow.

Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m Carl Azuz.

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March 4, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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