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  • The forecast for the Eastern U.S., it`s cold and it`s going to get colder.

  • That`s what`s first up this Wednesday on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • Some are calling it Snowmageddon. Some are saying they`re snowverit.

  • High temperatures yesterday were 10 to 25 degrees lower than they usually are.

  • And an even colder blast of Arctic air was forecast to roll in today

  • from the Midwest to the Eastern Seaboard.

  • Hundreds of thousands of people had their power knocked out by ice.

  • At least six deaths have been blamed on the latest round of winter storms

  • and this is having an economic impact, too.

  • The city of Boston, Massachusetts, for instance,

  • has spent more than $30 million just to move snow out of the way.

  • Well, at least it`s almost over, right? Wrong.

  • Forecasters say another winter storm could be on the way at the end of the week,

  • but it`s too early to tell if that will materialize.

  • Since Sunday, there`s officially been a cease-fire between Ukrainian government troops

  • and the pro-Russian rebels who have been fighting them.

  • But in some parts of Ukraine, the fire has not ceased.

  • And even though the international community is calling on both sides to stop fighting,

  • to respect the terms of this cease-fire, in some areas, the Ukrainian military

  • and the pro-Russian separatists say they`re not backing down.

  • It`s possible that the truce agreed to last week is falling apart.

  • The cease-fire remains in this town.

  • These fighters load their weapons with great care, then head to the front line.

  • We`re on the road here with a Ukrainian battalion called the East Corpus Battalion

  • and they say that they still get shelled all the time,

  • that there`s attacks from pro-Russian separatists

  • and that they`re doing their best to try and hold this town,

  • but they`ve already lost a considerable amount of it

  • to the pro-Russian separatists in the past couple of days.

  • "right now, only about a third of the village is under our control,"

  • machine gunner Yuri (ph) says.

  • With pro-Russian separatists close by,

  • we need to move carefully and frequently run for cover.

  • So the men tell us we have to really watch out here,

  • because apparently there`s a sniper, they believe, somewhere in the distance over there.

  • They say they take fire here pretty much every day and several times a day.

  • So they really don`t believe in the cease-fire that`s going on.

  • They say it never really took hold here.

  • "The cease-fire is a farce," says Commander Oleg Shiryayev.

  • "The fighting is continuing now the way it did before.

  • They continue to attack us, shell us.

  • They use artillery and mortars, and sometimes they launch raids."

  • It`s impossible to tell which side is responsible for breaking the cease- fire here,

  • but to the few civilians we saw, that didn`t seem to matter.

  • They were packing any belongings they could and leaving.

  • "The fighting here is very heavy," this woman says.

  • "All the windows of our house are broken. It`s very terrifying.

  • We saved all our lives to buy our house and now we have nothing."

  • To get back to safety, the fighters lob a smoke grenade to mask our retreat.

  • Time for the Shoutout.

  • Which of these languages is the oldest?

  • If you think you know it, shout it out.

  • Is it Spanish, Dutch, Romanian or Afrikaans?

  • You`ve got three seconds. Go.

  • The Spanish language, also known as Castilian,

  • dates back to the ninth century, making it the oldest language on this list.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shout Out.

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau,

  • more than 17 percent of the U.S. population is Hispanic or Latino.

  • It`s about 54 million people,

  • making those of Hispanic origin the largest ethnic or race minority in the country.

  • So it`s probably no surprise that politicians would want to reach that group.

  • But does speaking Spanish sway Hispanic voters one way or the other?

  • There is a big debate over how you reach Latinos.

  • I want to just say a few words in Spanish.

  • The cameras here are going to cover this.

  • I don`t want them to tell them what I said, I want to say it myself.

  • Some call it pandering, some call it outreach.

  • There was a day when outreach was based on having majorities (ph)

  • and repeating two or three sentences.

  • Si se puede. Si se puede.

  • And that`s not necessarily what convinces people.

  • A lot of people who come to the States later in life

  • and try to learn English have a real hard time.

  • They`re afraid to put themselves out there,

  • to embarrass themselves by mispronouncing words.

  • So seeing a politician do it, I think, brings people --

  • politicians to a level that people can identify with.

  • Es como es la gamara por la debatier (ph).

  • Now, it`s easy to make fun of Mayor Bloomberg.

  • Estamos todo mondo (ph) precauciones para que todos (ph).

  • The fact that he`s willing to go out there,

  • it brings him closer to the people who don`t speak English fluently.

  • Jeb Bush was governor of Florida. It`s very helpful to speak Spanish in South Florida.

  • I think the thing he has in common with his brother is that they understand the Latino culture,

  • that they know how to speak to Latinos.

  • Gracias sienta se (ph).

  • It`s played them well and it`s going to play well with Jeb Bush

  • if he ends up being the Republican nominee. When he launched a PAC recently,

  • he did a video in English and then he had a video in Spanish.

  • Hoy estamos esta luciendo (ph) (INAUDIBLE).

  • People see that he knows the language, that he cares,

  • that he understands, at least he wants to speak to them.

  • It`s more a party thing than a candidate thing.

  • Former President Clinton is still very popular among Latinos and he doesn`t speak Spanish.

  • Prodesco a los mexicanos (ph).

  • But he did get a lot of support.

  • Their issues and the way they present them are going to be a lot more important

  • than if they speak the language...

  • Que la palara (ph) visa Presidente Joe Biden.

  • -- or don`t speak the language.

  • Que placar esta aqui con tantos amigos.

  • Having someone say it in Espanol will help,

  • but it will not define a candidacy. It will not sway a vote.

  • People are not going to vote for someone just because they sound like them or

  • they look like them or they have a Hispanic last name.

  • Welcome to the CNN STUDENT NEWS Roll Call.

  • One source for these schools, our transcript page at CNNStudentNews.com.

  • West Nodaway High School, we`re calling on the Rockets.

  • They`re in Burlington Junction, Missouri.

  • Next, the Dodgers of Dodgeville.

  • That`s fun to say. Dodgeville Middle School is in Dodgeville, Wisconsin.

  • And we wrap up our Roll in Morocco.

  • Great to hear from The Casablanca American School. It`s in Casablanca.

  • The challenge -- replace the Alaskan Way Viaduct,

  • a major bridge in downtown Seattle, Washington.

  • It`s simply worn out.

  • The method -- bore a giant underground tunnel beneath the city.

  • The tool, Bertha, a massive digging machine built in Japan.

  • The problem -- Bertha broke down and repairing a drill this massive takes an engineering feat in itself.

  • This is Bertha, one of the world`s biggest digging machines.

  • Bertha`s tall, as high as a five story building.

  • It measures about as long as a football field and it was named after Bertha Knight Landes,

  • Seattle`s first woman mayor.

  • But Bertha has a big problem.

  • For more than a year, it`s been sitting broken and useless

  • 60 feet underneath the city`s downtown.

  • The problems all started in 2013 when Bertha began digging a 1.7 mile highway tunnel

  • using its 260 red and yellow Tungsten carbide teeth.

  • Bertha`s internal conveyor system moved massive amounts of dirt to the surface for removal.

  • Then, after tunneling about 1,000 feet, Bertha`s bearings failed and it started overheating.

  • So the digging stopped until engineers could figure out how to fix it.

  • Here`s the solution they came up with.

  • Workers dug a vertical shaft 12 stories deep and lined it with concrete.

  • Next, engineers will fire Bertha back up

  • and send it boring down through that concrete wall and into the shaft.

  • Then, they`ll hoist its 2,000 ton cutting face to the surface.

  • They`ll fix it and then they`ll lower it back into the tunnel.

  • Engineers hope Bertha will be able to dig the tunnel`s remaining mile and a half.

  • Will it work?

  • Will Bertha come through in the end?

  • There`s a lot at stake.

  • Failure will hike the price tag of the $2 billion project

  • even higher and delay its completion even longer.

  • Basketball buzzer beaters are always fun,

  • at least for the team that gets them. But this one is nothing short of amazing.Why?

  • Because it`s made from half court.

  • This happened at an event for wounded U.S. service members at Fort Belvoir.

  • Wheelchair basketball is one of the events that dozens of American athletes compete in.

  • It helps determine who will advance to a major Department of Defense competition this summer.

  • We`d say that guy has got a pretty good shot.

  • It makes sense he`d get a lot of buzz for it. It netted him some nationwide attention.

  • I`m Carl Azuz, CNN STUDENT NEWS rebounds tomorrow.

The forecast for the Eastern U.S., it`s cold and it`s going to get colder.

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B1 中級 美國腔

2015年2月18日--中新網學生新聞配字幕。 (February 18, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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